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Overview

Introduction to Roanoke, Virginia

Roanoke is situated in the Roanoke Valley, west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The city is known as the "Star City of the South" and features the prominent Roanoke Star on Mill Mountain. The Appalachian Trail, the Blue Ridge Parkway and a wine making region are nearby. The Roanoke River runs through the town. The city is a major center for health care and retail businesses for the region.

History

The town was founded in 1852 and was known as Big Lick. The name was selected due to the huge outcropping of salt in the area. Big Lick was chosen as a railroad junction which significantly increased the population and stimulated the economy. In 1884 the town was established as Roanoke. During the Colonial era the city was a prominent location for trails and roads. The Great Wagon Road was one of the busiest roads during the 18th Century and ran through Roanoke.

The Norfolk and Western Railway company produced steam locomotives in Roanoke and employed thousands of workers. The locomotives were manufactured in the city until 1953. Manufacturing companies moved to the city primarily due to the railroad. Regarding land, the city significantly expanded during the middle portion of the 20th Century due to annexation. Roanoke was once a prominent area for the garment industry.

Transportation

The city is served by the Roanoke Regional Airport. The Valley Metro provides bus transportation.

Attractions

  • The Center in the Square contains the History Museum of Western Virginia, the Science Museum of Western Virginia as well as the Hopkins Planetarium.
  • Virginia Museum of Transportation features locomotives which were constructed in the city.
  • Grandin Village.
  • Mill Mountain Star.
  • Texas Tavern.
  • Roanoke's Historical Fire Station #1.
  • St. Andrews Parish, State and National Landmark.
  • Roanoke Historic Farmers Market.
  • Hotel Roanoke is a historic building.
  • The Jefferson Center is a historic performance center.
  • Mabry Mill.

Activities and Entertainment

The surrounding area offers excellent opportunities for boating, fishing, camping and hiking. Some of the popular locations for activities and entertainment include:

  • Appalachian Trail
  • Virginia's Explore Park
  • Smith Mountain Lake
  • Blue Ridge Parkway
  • Mill Mountain Zoo
  • Roanoke Civic Center
  • George Washington & Jefferson National Forest
  • Commonwealth Games of Virginia
  • Mill Mountain Theater

College

Higher education opportunities are provided at Roanoke College, Hollins University, Virginia Western Community College and the Jefferson College of Health Sciences.

People

Total Population 97,949
Male Share of the Population 48%
Female Share of the Population 52%
Senior Citizens 14.5%
Employed Population 16+ 45,784
Age of the Population 38

Families

% of people married 39.7%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 24.1%
Median Earnings25+ $29,934
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $16,966
Median Earnings With High School Degree $25,343

Wealth

Median Family Income $50,677
% Above Poverty Level 78.1%
% Below Poverty Level 21.9%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 19 minutes
% Working from Home 2.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.1%
% Using Public Transportation 2.8%

Housing

People Living Alone 37.4%
Median Gross Rent $719
Median House Value $135,600

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 37%
US/American 0.1%
English 10.5%
Irish 9.6%

Roanoke Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 126 miles NW of Raleigh, North Carolina
County
Metro Area Roanoke
Standard Zip Codes 24011, 24012, 24013, 24014, 24015, 24016, 24017, 24018, 24019
P.O. Box Zip Codes 24001, 24002, 24003, 24004, 24005, 24006, 24007, 24008, 24009, 24010, 24020, 24022, 24023, 24024, 24025, 24026, 24027, 24028, 24029, 24030, 24031, 24032, 24033, 24034, 24035, 24036, 24037, 24038
Company Zip Codes 24040, 24042, 24043, 24044, 24045, 24048, 24050, 24155, 24157
Phone Area Codes 540
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 37.27
Longitude -79.95

Roanoke Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station ROANOKE WOODRUM AP
Distance 3.4 miles
Jan Temp 27 to 45 F
Apr Temp 44 to 68 F
Jul Temp 65 to 88 F
Oct Temp 45 to 69 F
Annual Precip 42.4 inches
Station BLACKSBURG
Distance 26.2 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 41 F
Apr Temp 37 to 63 F
Jul Temp 60 to 83 F
Oct Temp 38 to 65 F
Annual Precip 42.6 inches
Station UNION 3 SSE
Distance 37.4 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 40 F
Apr Temp 36 to 63 F
Jul Temp 58 to 84 F
Oct Temp 37 to 66 F
Annual Precip 36.1 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Boones Mill 166 $65,625
Buchanan 1,075 $58,472
Fincastle 308 $100,833
Salem 25,120 $63,770
Troutville 543 $55,288
Vinton 8,129 $59,340

Roanoke Public Libraries

Library
Botetourt County Library
28 AVERY ROW
Roanoke, Virginia
(540) 977-3433
Roanoke City Public Library
706 S. JEFFERSON ST.
Roanoke, Virginia
(540) 853-2473
Library Web Site
Roanoke County Public Library
3131 ELECTRIC ROAD S.W.
Roanoke, Virginia
(540) 772-7507
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Roanoke Hospitals

CARILION MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
1906 BELLEVIEW AVENUE
(540) 981-9407
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
 
Results:  5
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Roanoke High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

PATRICK HENRY HIGH
2102 GRANDIN RD SW
540-853-2255
A Magnet School.
Serves 1,821 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.4

WILLIAM FLEMING HIGH
3649 FERNCLIFF AVE NW
540-853-2781
A Magnet School.
Serves 1,393 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.1

HIDDEN VALLEY HIGH
5000 TITAN TRAIL
540-776-7320
Serves 1,040 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.4

NORTHSIDE HIGH
6758 NORTHSIDE HIGH SCH RD
540-561-8155
A Magnet School.
Serves 1,031 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.8

CAVE SPRING HIGH
3712 CHAPARRAL DR SW
540-772-7550
A Magnet School.
Serves 800 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.5

NOEL C. TAYLOR LRNG. ACADEMY
3601 THIRLANE RD NW
540-853-1461
A Non-traditional School
Serves 131 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7.7

BLUE RIDGE TECHNICAL ACADEMY
108 N JEFFERSON ST
540-853-1495
A Charter School.
Serves 87 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.9

ROANOKE VALLEY JUVENILE DETENTION HOME
498 COYNER SPRINGS RD.
540-561-3858
A Non-traditional School

ROANOKE VALLEY GOV SCH
2104 GRANDIN RD SW
540-853-2116
A Magnet School.

REG ALTERNATIVE PLUS SELF PROJECT/ROANOKE CITY
C/O ROANOKE CITY SCHOOLS
540-853-1391
A Non-traditional School

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Career and College Resources

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Career References and Original Articles
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