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Overview

Introduction to Martinsburg, West Virginia

Martinsburg, West Virginia is located 29 miles W of Frederick, Maryland (center to center) and is 64 miles NW of Washington, District of Columbia. It is in Berkeley county. The population of the city is 14,972.

Martinsburg History

Martinsburg is the county seat of the Berkeley County, which was founded in 1772. The city was named after Colonel Thomas Bryan Martin, the nephew of Lord Fairfax. It was founded by General Adam Stephen. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad arrived in 1842. Martinsburg was incorporated on March 30, 1868.

Martinsburg and nearby Attractions

  • Abram's Delight Museum
  • Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters Museum
  • Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
  • Fort Frederick State Park
  • Washington Monument State Park
  • Gathland State Park

Things To Do In Martinsburg

There are several parks in Martinsburg such as the Cacapon State Park, Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, Fort Frederick State Park, and South Mountain State Park. History buffs should visit the local museums like Boonsborough Museum of History, Hagerstown Roundhouse Museum, and Shenandoah Valley Discovery Museum. The historical sites include Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park, Jefferson County Courthouse, and Antietam National Battlefield.

Martinsburg Transportation

Air transport facilities are available at Washington Dulles International Airport.

Martinsburg Higher Education

Facilities for higher education can be availed through Shenandoah University, Shepherd College, and Frederick Community College.

People

Total Population 17,564
Male Share of the Population 46.7%
Female Share of the Population 53.3%
Senior Citizens 13.4%
Employed Population 16+ 6,773
Age of the Population 33

Families

% of people married 37%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 17.9%
Median Earnings25+ $27,465
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $13,805
Median Earnings With High School Degree $25,526

Wealth

Median Family Income $45,016
% Above Poverty Level 71%
% Below Poverty Level 29%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 26 minutes
% Working from Home 3.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 4.5%
% Using Public Transportation 1.2%

Housing

People Living Alone 34.4%
Median Gross Rent $865
Median House Value $143,400

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 29.6%
US/American 0%
English 7.6%
Irish 11.7%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Martinsburg Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 29 miles W of Frederick, Maryland (center to center)
Nearest Large City 64 miles NW of Washington, District of Columbia
County Berkeley
Standard Zip Codes 25401
P.O. Box Zip Codes 25402
Phone Area Codes 304
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 39.456
Longitude -77.964

Martinsburg Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station MARTINSBURG RGNL AP
Distance 4 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 41 F
Apr Temp 42 to 66 F
Jul Temp 65 to 88 F
Oct Temp 43 to 68 F
Annual Precip 39.3 inches
Station HANCOCK
Distance 20.5 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 40 F
Apr Temp 38 to 65 F
Jul Temp 62 to 86 F
Oct Temp 40 to 67 F
Annual Precip 38 inches
Station WINCHESTER 7 SE
Distance 20.6 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 41 F
Apr Temp 39 to 65 F
Jul Temp 62 to 87 F
Oct Temp 41 to 68 F
Annual Precip 39.1 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Harpers Ferry 200 $66,786
Hedgesville 283 $49,844
Shepherdstown 1,587 $69,886

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Martinsburg Public Libraries

Library
Martinsburg-berkeley Cnty Public Library
101 WEST KING STREET
Martinsburg, West Virginia
(304) 267-8933
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Martinsburg Hospitals

CITY HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
P O BOX 1418 DRY RUN ROAD
(304) 264-1000
Emergency Service: Yes

Martinsburg VA Medical Center
(VA)
510 Butler Avenue
(304) 263-0811 or (800) 817-3807
Emergency Service:

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Results:  5
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Martinsburg High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

MARTINSBURG SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
701 S QUEEN ST
304-267-3530
Serves 1,401 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.4

BOARD OF CHILD CARE
730 BROWN ROAD
304-274-3688
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 27 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 5.4

EASTERN REGIONAL JUVENILE DETENTION CENTER
900 S QUEEN STREET
304-267-0075
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 13 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13

JAMES RUMSEY TECHNICAL INSTITUTE
3274 HEDGESVILLE ROAD
304-754-7925
A Vocational School

Additional Details
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