Introduction to Nitro, West Virginia

Nitro, West Virginia, in Kanawha county, is located 12 miles W of Charleston, West Virginia (center to center) and is 123 miles SE of Columbus, Ohio. Part of the surrounding Charleston metro area, the city is not an isolated city. Nitro is home to approximately 6,824 residents.

Nitro History

Nitro was officially incorporated by Circuit Court in the year 1932. The word "nitro" is derived from the word "nitrocellulose". The community which is now known as Nitro was the center of ammunition production of the United States, at the time of the World War I. The government of United States named the area Nitro on account of the establishment of a huge federal plant, manufacturing explosives during World War I. A part of the community of Nitro lies in the Kanawha County and the remainder in Putnam County.

Nitro and nearby Attractions

  • Museum in the Community
  • Hawks Nest State Park
  • Avampato Discovery Museum
  • Chief Logan State Park
  • Beech Fork State Park
  • Cultural Center

Things To Do In Nitro

Nitro has a number of notable locations such as the Tri State Racetrack & Gaming Center, Nitro City Hall, and Bradford Landing. The parks in the area include Ridenour Memorial Park, Nitro City Park, and Hawks Nest State Park offers multiple facilities for recreation. The local churches include Nitro Church of Christ, Saint Paul’s United Methodist Church, and First Baptist Church of Nitro. Nitro Public Library offers a wide range of reading materials of diverse interest to the avid readers. Big Bend Golf Course is a well facilitated golf course.

Nitro Transportation

The Port Columbus International Airport is the nearest major airport.

Nitro Higher Education

Higher education can be pursued at institutions such as Marshall University, Concord College, and West Virginia State College.


Total Population 6,860
Male Share of the Population 44.1%
Female Share of the Population 55.9%
Senior Citizens 17.3%
Employed Population 16+ 3,400
Age of the Population 44


% of people married 48%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 18.6%
Median Earnings25+ $35,482
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $20,461
Median Earnings With High School Degree $24,768


Median Family Income $56,098
% Above Poverty Level 90.3%
% Below Poverty Level 9.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 20 minutes
% Working from Home 3.1%
% Walking and Biking to Work 6.5%
% Using Public Transportation 1.4%


People Living Alone 30.5%
Median Gross Rent $704
Median House Value $89,900


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 11.3%
US/American 0%
English 13.2%
Irish 7.3%

Nitro Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 12 miles W of Charleston, West Virginia (center to center)
Nearest Large City 123 miles SE of Columbus, Ohio
County Kanawha
Metro Area Charleston
Standard Zip Codes 25143
Phone Area Codes 304
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 38.414
Longitude -81.844

Nitro Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 14.3 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 43 F
Apr Temp 42 to 67 F
Jul Temp 63 to 85 F
Oct Temp 43 to 67 F
Annual Precip 44 inches
Station HAMLIN
Distance 17.4 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 44 F
Apr Temp 38 to 69 F
Jul Temp 62 to 90 F
Oct Temp 39 to 71 F
Annual Precip 44.4 inches
Distance 21.8 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 43 F
Apr Temp 39 to 69 F
Jul Temp 63 to 87 F
Oct Temp 41 to 69 F
Annual Precip 47.8 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Bancroft 534 $48,125
Dunbar 7,844 $47,813
Jefferson 792 $27,143
Poca 1,048 $60,577
South Charleston 13,380 $55,165
St. Albans 10,939 $64,940

Nitro Public Libraries

Nitro Public Library
Nitro, West Virginia
(304) 755-4432

library logo

More Information for Librarians

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
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Nitro High Schools

Serves 859 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.2

Study Online in Nitro
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Info for Nitro Government Officials

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