Introduction to Wheeling, West Virginia
Wheeling is located in Ohio County and belongs to the Pittsburgh Tri-State area. Pennsylvania is located 11 miles from the city. The confluence of Wheeling Creek and the Ohio River is located in the downtown area. Wheeling Island is recognized as part of the city.
Wheeling was established by Colonel Ebenezer Zane in 1769. The city developed near Fort Henry. During the 1880's Wheeling became a popular town due to thriving business activity near the Ohio River. The National Road, was the country's first roadway and the construction was authorized by an act of Congress. The National Road made it to the city in 1818. Wheeling was recognized as a town in 1795 and was incorporated in 1836.
Iron and steel mills were constructed along the Ohio River in the latter portion of the 19th century and became a major part of the economy. The production of iron nails was a significant factor in the local economy and the city became recognized as the "nail capital of the world." Wheeling was also home to thriving glass works and cigar factories. Due to the flourishing industries and a vast working population, Wheeling was one of the wealthiest per capita cities in the country near the end of the 19th century. The prosperity of the city during that time is conveyed in the attractive mansions which are still standing in the town.
Wheeling is one of the top cities in the country regarding total amount of Victorian architectural structures. A vast amount of the buildings have been restored. The Eckhart House is recognized as the "Crown Jewel" of Wheeling and most of the building's original architectural features are still intact.
- West Virginia Independence Hall
- Wheeling Suspension Bridge
- Wheeling Heritage Port
- Toy and Train Museum
- Wheeling Island Racetrack and Gaming Center
- Wheeling Heritage Trail
- National Imperial Glass Museum
- Victoria Vaudeville Theatre
- Prabhupada's Palace of Gold
- Grave Creek Mound Historical Site
- Oglebay Institute Glass Museum
I-70 runs through the city and connects Wheeling to Columbus and Pittsburgh. Wheeling is served by the Pittsburgh International Airport. The city is also the location of a small general aviation field.
Wheeling Jesuit University and West Virginia Northern Community College are situated in the city. West Liberty State College as well as Bethany College are in the vicinity of Wheeling.