Introduction to Cheyenne, Wyoming

Cheyenne is the capital of Wyoming and is located in Laramie County. The city was established in 1867. The town took the name of the well known Cheyenne Indian nation. More than 50 locations in the city are part of the National Register of Historical Places. The municipality is home to the prominent F.E. Warren Air Force Base.


In 1867 a railroad track was being laid down in the Cheyenne area for the Union Pacific Railroad. Due to the arrival of the railroad, approximately 4,000 people moved to the city with the notion that Cheyenne would become a thriving area. A significant amount of the employment in the region was due to the building of the railroad. After it was completed the majority of the people moved out of the town. Later, it became inhabited by soldiers, workers from a supply base known as Camp Carlin, gamblers, miners, cowboys and thieves. Cheyenne became known as a rough town and was filled with saloons and numerous theaters.

Cheyenne was the only major town in the Wyoming Territory. It became a prominent location for loading cattle on the trains including cattle from the well known Wyoming Hereford Ranch. Cattle magnates in the region enjoyed staying in Cheyenne during the summer. The famous Cheyenne Club was filled with prosperous cattle barons. The building was extravagantly furnished and was similar to clubs located in England.


The city is served by the small Cheyenne Regional Airport. The Denver International Airport is the nearest major airport.


  • The State Capital Building has been designated as a National Historic Landmark and is available to the public.
  • The Union Pacific Railroad Depot is a National Historic Landmark.
  • Historic Governor's Mansion.
  • The Big Boy Steam Engine was constructed to pull trains over the Rocky Mountains at high speeds. The Big Boy Steam Engine is one of eight Big Boys showcased in the country.
  • Cheyenne Botanic Gardens.
  • The Atlas Theatre.
  • The prominent Cheyenne Frontier Days features popular rodeos.
  • Holiday Park.
  • Our Lady of Peace Shrine.
  • The Terry Bison Ranch features a vast number of Bison and numerous horses, camels, longhorn steer, ostriches, goats and other species of animals.


Cheyenne is home to numerous noteworthy museums including:

  • Wyoming State Museum
  • The Nelson Museum of the West
  • Old West Museum & Store
  • Messenger Museum

Higher Education

Cheyenne is home to the Laramie County Community College.


Total Population 62,195
Male Share of the Population 49%
Female Share of the Population 51%
Senior Citizens 14.2%
Employed Population 16+ 31,085
Age of the Population 35


% of people married 49.3%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 29.3%
Median Earnings25+ $38,368
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $24,123
Median Earnings With High School Degree $29,575


Median Family Income $75,374
% Above Poverty Level 88.8%
% Below Poverty Level 11.2%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 14 minutes
% Working from Home 2.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3%
% Using Public Transportation 0.6%


People Living Alone 30.5%
Median Gross Rent $790
Median House Value $182,900


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 27.4%
US/American 0%
English 13.4%
Irish 12.4%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Cheyenne Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 97 miles N of Denver, Colorado
County Laramie
Metro Area Cheyenne
Standard Zip Codes 82001, 82005, 82007, 82009
P.O. Box Zip Codes 82003
Company Zip Codes 82002, 82006, 82008, 82010
Phone Area Codes 307
Time Zone Mountain (-7 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 41.14
Longitude -104.819

Cheyenne Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.2 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 37 F
Apr Temp 29 to 54 F
Jul Temp 53 to 82 F
Oct Temp 33 to 58 F
Annual Precip 15.4 inches
Station ARCHER
Distance 8.9 miles
Jan Temp 12 to 39 F
Apr Temp 28 to 56 F
Jul Temp 52 to 84 F
Oct Temp 31 to 62 F
Annual Precip 16.4 inches
Distance 37.9 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 40 F
Apr Temp 29 to 59 F
Jul Temp 53 to 87 F
Oct Temp 31 to 65 F
Annual Precip 15.3 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Cheyenne, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Archer (82009)

Iron Mountain (82009)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Burns 266 $60,313

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Cheyenne Public Libraries

Laramie County Library System
Cheyenne, Wyoming
(307) 634-3561
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Cheyenne Hospitals

(Government - Hospital District or Authority)
(307) 634-2273
Emergency Service: Yes

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Cheyenne High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,576 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.7

Serves 1,214 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.7

A Non-traditional School
Serves 286 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.3

A Non-traditional School
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 21 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7

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