The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or MIT, is a private research university located in Cambridge in Massachusetts, United States. It was established in 1861 by William Barton Rogers in response to the increasing industrialization of the United States. The campus covers a total of 168 acres. MIT's undergraduate program ranked fourth in the US News and World Report (2009) rankings of national universities.
MIT has over 30 academic departments, with a strong emphasis on scientific and technological research. The university is organized into five schools and one college:
The official mascot of Massachusetts Institute of Technology is the Beaver.
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