Anthropologists and Archeologists
Anthropologists study the origin and cultural, social, and physical development of humans. They study the traditions, values, beliefs and possessions of people and societies throughout the world and create hypothesis based on their research. They typically specialize in physical anthropology, cultural anthropology, archaeology or linguistics.
They advise government agencies, communities and private organizations regarding proposed plans, programs and policies and their potential impact on organizations, cultural institutions and communities.
Cultural anthropologists examine the cultures of communities. They study the customs and behavior of a community's citizens. Cultural anthropologists evaluate various aspects of a society including a society's religion, music and how they take care of their senior citizens. They gather information and attempt to make conclusions about a society's ways of life.
Physical anthropologists study the physical development of the human species. They examine how heredity and environment influences humans. Physical anthropologists study the geographical distribution of the physical characteristics of humans.
Linguistic anthropologists analyze the evolution of languages and the relationships between languages. They attempt to explain how a community's language relates to the ways a society's citizens act and think.
Archeologists attempt to discover the history, living habits and customs of earlier human civilizations. They document, analyze and interpret objects including homes, clothing, tools and art from former human civilizations. Archeologists often excavate objects from the ground. They are sometimes asked to perform a survey when ground will be disturbed during a project. They work in labs, the field and in classrooms.
- Develop and test theories regarding the origin and development of cultures from the past
- Gather information and make judgements through interviews, observation and evaluating documents
- Compare findings among different sites to learn the similarities and differences
- Describe artifacts' physical properties
- Write, publish and present reports
- Evaluate objects and structures and identify, data and authenticate objects and interpret their significance
- Write about research findings
- Construct and test data gathering methods
They work in the field, classroom settings, labs and museums. Some jobs in anthropology require travel and being away from home for long periods of time.
The employment growth for anthropologists and archeologists is projected to be much faster than the average for all occupations from 2008 to 2018. The median annual earnings in 2008 for anthropologists and archeologists was $53,910.
Education, Certification, and Licensing
A bachelor's degree in archaeology or anthropology is the minimum requirement for an anthropologist or archeologist job. However, many employers prefer candidates that have a master's degree or a Ph.D. Many teachings positions in colleges and universities require a Ph.D.
- American Anthropological Association
- The Society for Applied Anthropology
- Archaeological Institute of America
The major employers are colleges, universities, museums and government agencies.
Schools for Anthropologists And Archaeologists are listed in the Browse Schools Section.