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Architectural drafters produce detailed drawings which include the structural and architectural elements for buildings and a variety of structures such as homes and factories. Their drawings need to be complete and accurate since structures are built exactly as displayed on the drawings. Architectural drafters typically work for architect and construction companies and for companies that have engineering or development departments. Some architectural drafters specialize in commercial or residential structures and some also specialize in specific types of building materials.

Senior architectural drafters typically produce the final drawings. The drawings include the plans of the structure and all the details for the construction of the building. Junior drafters work under the supervision of senior drafters and create plans and details that the senior drafters have developed.

Most architectural drafters use computer-aided design and drafting (CADD) systems to produce their drawings. The CADD systems allow a building to be displayed three-dimensionally. In addition, numerous versions of the drawings can easily be produced and adjustments can be made quickly. By utilizing CADD systems, drafters are able to electronically store their drawings, which allows the drawings to be printed and easily viewed. Although CADD systems are excellent tools, drafters still need a solid foundation in traditional drafting skills such as performing detailed work with precision.

Responsibilities

  • Create detailed drawings
  • Operate CADD equipment
  • Represent architects on construction sites
  • Analyze building codes and by-laws
  • Layout and plan interior room arrangements
  • Produce cost estimates
  • Review space and site requirements
  • Determine instructions and procedures
  • Check dimensions of materials
  • Study the technical implications of architect's design concepts

Job Characteristics

Drafters typically work in comfortable offices. They often work with architects and other drafters. Most of their time is spent working at computer terminals performing detailed work. Due to the nature of the work, they should have good visualization skills. Being able to differentiate between lines, forms and shapes is important in the profession. Good communication skills are also helpful. Also, the vast majority of drafters work full-time.

Employment Outlook

The employment outlook for architectural drafters is fair. Architectural and civil drafters typically comprise over 40 percent of the total amount of drafting jobs. Drafters with a minimum of two years of post-secondary training that also have experience with CADD systems and have good technical skills may have the best opportunities to acquire employment in the field.

Growth in the profession may be stimulated by industrial growth and also by drafters performing tasks usually given to architects. The demand for drafters is created primarily in industries that are sensitive to the cyclical changes of the economy. Also, improvements in CADD systems make simple tasks easier to perform which may reduce the demand for lower skilled drafters. In addition, outsourcing of drafting work may increase due to the availability of sending CADD files via the Internet.

Typically, drafters begin their careers as tracers and advance into the position of junior drafter. Those with several years of experience and good skills have the opportunity to become senior drafters. Senior architectural drafters with leadership skills may become supervisors of other drafters. In addition, some in the profession are self-employed.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median yearly earnings for civil and architectural drafters in 2006 was $41,960. The top ten percent earned over $63,310 while the bottom 10 percent earned less than $27,010.

Architectural Drafting Degrees, Certification, and Licensing

Architectural drafters need to be highly skilled at drafting and design and be proficient with CADD systems. Training is offered by vocational schools and community colleges. Two-year associate degrees are available in drafting. The quality of training in these settings may vary.

Most four-year colleges do not provide degrees in drafting. However, the majority of four-year colleges provide college courses in architecture, computer science, engineering and mathematics which can be useful when seeking employment as a drafter. Many colleges include CADD classes in their architecture programs. Also, a certification program for drafters is provided by the American Design Drafting Association. Students seeking a career in architectural drafting may want to contact prospective employers and ask for a list of the schools they prefer.

Resources

Major Employers

The primary employers of architectural drafters are architect firms and construction companies.

Schools for Architectural And Civil Drafters are listed in the Browse Schools Section.

Architectural and Civil Drafters Skills

Below are the skills needed to be architectural and civil drafters according to their importance on the scale of 1 to 5 (1 being lowest and 5 being highest) and competency level on a scale of 1 to 7 (1 being lowest and 7 being highest).

   
Skill NameImportanceCompetence
Active Listening3.623.38
Critical Thinking3.53.88
Judgment and Decision Making3.383.62
Reading Comprehension3.383.75
Speaking3.383.5

Architectural and Civil Drafters Abilities

Below are the abilities needed to be architectural and civil drafters according to their importance on the scale of 1 to 5 (1 being lowest and 5 being highest) and competency level on a scale of 1 to 7 (1 being lowest and 7 being highest).

   
Ability NameImportanceCompetence
Near Vision3.884.25
Visualization3.884.38
Problem Sensitivity3.753.88
Deductive Reasoning3.623.88
Oral Comprehension3.624.25

Architectural and Civil Drafters Knowledge

Below are the knowledge areas needed to be architectural and civil drafters according to their importance on the scale of 1 to 5 (1 being lowest and 5 being highest) and competency level on a scale of 1 to 7 (1 being lowest and 7 being highest).

   
Knowledge AreaImportanceCompetence
Design4.676.33
Building and Construction4.45.67
English Language4.184.3
Engineering and Technology3.884.94
Mathematics3.353.84

Architectural and Civil Drafters Work activities

Below are the work activities involved in being architectural and civil drafters according to their importance on the scale of 1 to 5 (1 being lowest and 5 being highest) and competency level on a scale of 1 to 7 (1 being lowest and 5 being highest).

   
Work ActivityImportanceCompetence
Interacting With Computers4.623.9
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment4.574.78
Documenting/Recording Information4.484.05
Getting Information4.453.66
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates4.44.49

Architectural and Civil Drafters Work styles

Below are the work styles involved in being architectural and civil drafters according to their importance on the scale of 1 to 5 (1 being lowest and 5 being highest).

   
Work StyleImportance
Attention to Detail4.76
Integrity4.35
Dependability4.26
Cooperation4.14
Initiative4.13

Metro Areas Sorted by Total Employment for
Architectural and Civil Drafters

Listed below are the 10 largest metro areas based on the total number of people employed in Architectural and Civil Drafters jobs , as of 2017

   
Metro AreaTotal EmploymentAnnual Mean Salary
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim5,780 $60,950
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land3,420 $56,320
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington3,330 $55,140
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward2,870 $65,870
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell2,100 $57,380
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach2,060 $54,090
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale1,560 $59,170
San Diego-Carlsbad1,520 $62,280
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood1,490 $60,800
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn1,360 $48,170

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Total employment and salary for professions similar to architectural drafters

Source : 2017 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2016-26 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS.gov; O*NET® 22.1 Database, O*NET OnLine, National Center for O*NET Development, Employment & Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, onetonline.org

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We have some additional detailed pages at the state level for Architectural and Civil Drafters.

Numbers in parentheses are counts of relevant campus-based schools in the state; online schools may also be available.