Computer Specialists

Computer specialists, provide technical assistance to staff members and customers that use computer systems. They have an important role in any office that utilizes computers on a daily basis. One of their main objectives is to ensure that a computer system runs smoothly. They are sometimes known as help desk technicians or technical support specialists.

Since computer systems are prevalent in most types of businesses, computer support specialists are employed in most industries. They are also employed by software and hardware vendors. Many work for support services firms and help-desks and provide services on a contract basis.

Many computer specialists give assistance and instructions regarding the use of computer software and hardware. These specialists also provide help and instructions for electronic mail, operating systems and printing.

They answer computer related questions and resolve computer problems. They often use automated diagnostic programs to analyze problems. They help computer users in person, by e-mail and by telephone.

Computer security specialists are involved with planning, coordinating and implementing a company's information security system. These specialists install security software, check networks for security breaches and take action against cyber attacks. They also teach users about computer security.


  • Oversee the daily performance of a company's computer system
  • Perform computer diagnostics in order to investigate and fix problems
  • Install hardware and software and peripheral equipment
  • Set up equipment for use by company personnel
  • Collaborate with personnel and managers to establish requirements for systems
  • Make minor repairs to hardware, software and peripheral equipment
  • Prepare training materials and procedures
  • Perform evaluations of hardware and software and make recommendations for improvements and upgrades
  • Train staff members how to use hardware and software
  • Perform office automation feasibility studies

Job Characteristics

Computer specialists usually work in comfortable offices or computer laboratories. They typically work 40 hours a week. However, overtime may be required when problems occur. They constantly interact with personnel and customers, thus good communication and interpersonal skills are beneficial.

They often provide support to users from remote locations. They also need good analytical and problem solving skills. Good writing skill are beneficial for developing manuals for customers and employees and for answering questions via e-mail.

Employment Outlook

Employment of computer support specialists is projected to increase by 12 percent from 2006 to 2016. Demand for their services will increase as companies, organizations and individuals use increasingly complex technology. Demand will also increase due to the demand from the computer system design and related services industry which is one of the nation's fastest growing industries.

The median annual earnings for computer support specialists in 2006 was $41,470. The highest paid 10 percent earned more than $68,540. Software publishing is one of the highest paying industries for computer support specialists. In addition, computer support specialists that are employed by software and hardware firms often have good opportunities to advance in their careers.

The demand for computer security specialists is expected to grow as companies and government agencies continue to invest in cyber security to protect important computer networks and electronic infrastructures from attacks.

Education, Certification, and Licensing

The requirements for computer specialist jobs vary, however many employers prefer to hire those with some college education. For some jobs a bachelor's degree in computer science or information systems is necessary. For some computer specialists jobs candidates may only need a computer related associate degree. For a number of positions computer experience and certifications may suffice. Completing certification training programs provided by product manufactures and vendors may help some applicants qualify for entry-level jobs.

To stay current with changes in technology many computer specialists are involved in continuing education programs offered by their employer, colleges and universities, software and hardware vendors, and private training institutions.


Major Employers

Some of the major industries for employment are computer software and hardware vendors, support services firms and help-desks, finance, insurance, education, telecommunications and healthcare.

Schools for Computer Specialists are listed in the Browse Schools Section.

Most Popular Industries for
Computer Specialists

These industries represent at least 1% of the total number of people employed in this occupation.

Industry Total Employment Percent Annual Median Salary
Government 71,650 37% $80,670
Professional And Technical Services 33,950 17% $74,330
Business Management 14,820 7% $78,200
Education 11,740 6% $57,840
Traditional Publishing 7,580 3% $72,560
Office Services And Staffing 7,410 3% $65,400
Insurance 5,600 2% $70,710
Banking And Credit 3,540 1% $74,920
Internet Service Provider 3,180 1% $63,480
Durable Goods Wholesale 3,100 1% $62,130
Automotive And Vehicle Manufacturing 3,010 1% $82,770
Electronics And Computer 2,720 1% $76,620
Hospital 2,170 1% $57,230
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  • A Better Business Bureau (BBB) Accredited Business, with an A+ rating.
  • Computer Support Technician program is based on guidelines set by the Computer Technology Industry Association (CompTIA) and Microsoft.
  • Offers free student services, including tutoring, campus internet access, career placement, and a student lounge.
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Utica College, founded in 1946, is a comprehensive private institution located in upstate central New York.  The College offers regionally accredited online certificates, bachelors, masters, and doctoral degrees in healthcare, cybersecurity, financial crime, nursing, physical therapy, business, criminal justice, and data science.  All courses are taught by credentialed, highly experienced faculty with significant and ongoing accomplishments in their respective fields.

  • At Charter College the entire curriculum is built around student success
  • Accredited by the ACICS with easy-to-use online remote classroom platforms
  • Offers training programs in healthcare, business, veterinary care, IT, & more
  • Receive excellent online support from faculty and staff members
  • Many members of the military have found their ideal fit at Charter College

We have some additional detailed pages at the state level for Computer Specialists.

Numbers in parentheses are counts of relevant campus-based schools in the state; online schools may also be available.

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