A licensed practical nurse (LPN) handles a large spectrum of direct patient care that includes the planning, implementation and assessment of nursing care. LPNs often work in hospitals and doctors' offices as part of a team of health care providers, but there are many other health care settings that need LPNs to deliver patient care as well. A few states use the term "licensed vocational nurse (LVN)," but LPN is more commonly used.

The duties a licensed practical nurse or LVN may perform are just as varied. They may be asked to measure and record vital signs or be involved in teaching healthy habits to a group of patients. Read on to discover more about the various duties and work environments available to LPNs.

Day in the Life of a Licensed Practical Nurse

On a typical day, a licensed practical nurse may perform duties such as:

  • Monitoring changes in symptoms and conditions
  • Administering medications and therapeutic treatments
  • Reporting adverse reactions to medications or treatments
  • Supporting patient rehabilitation
  • Coordinating patient care and documentation with physicians and other nurses

Many LPNs work in hospitals and clinics but are also necessary in health care settings with different sets of patients, requiring varying kinds of nursing care. LPNs can be found working in:

  • Public schools
  • Rehabilitation facilities
  • Extended care facilities
  • Industrial/occupational health centers
  • Employment services
  • Community care facilities
  • Outpatient care centers
  • Home health care services
  • Federal, state and local government agencies

Here are some examples of LPN work environments other than in a hospital or clinic:

An LPN in a long-term care facility provides care to elderly patients, many of whom are fragile and prone to falling, suffer from chronic medical issues and take many medications. These health care professionals tend to know their patients well. Some tasks are routine (e.g., dispensing medication, monitoring feeding tubes) but emergencies arise quickly and often.

At a rehabilitation hospital specializing in brain injury and orthopedics, an LPN does similar tasks for injured patients of various ages who move on once their rehab is complete.

Still another LPN is the director of a nurse training program at a company that trains people to become home health aides, homemakers, and certified nursing assistants and provides them with certification. This professional may also be pursuing the next level in a nursing degree. While there may no longer be direct contact with patients, this person finds working with nursing students to be rewarding.

Important Characteristics for Licensed Practical Nurses

Successful LPNs share some common characteristics. They feel natural compassion toward patients' pain and suffering. They must communicate clearly and listen carefully as they work with patients, families, doctors, and other nurses. Excellent decision-making skills and problem-solving skills are key to this job; this includes the ability to think on one's feet as a patient's medical status changes. LPNs need to take care of themselves, both physically and mentally, so they can meet the demands of their job without burning out.

Typical Steps for Becoming a Licensed Practical Nurse

It is important to understand the LPN or LVN education requirements from the start. Here is how to become an LPN, step by step:

  1. Earn a high school diploma. Most LPN schools and training programs require a high school diploma or equivalent, although some may accept students without a diploma. Some programs are also offered as part of a high school curriculum for students who want to get a head start on their nursing careers.
  2. Find the right LPN school for you. Licensed practical nurses must complete a state-approved training program in practical nursing, with programs ranging from 7 to 24 months in length, and the average lasting about one year. Your state's board of nursing can provide a list of approved LPN programs. Career education is available in technical, vocational and community colleges as well as in some universities.
  3. Study and work hard. Nursing programs combine classroom study (to teach basic nursing concepts and patient care) with clinical practice, which is supervised patient care, usually taught in a hospital.
  4. Pass the NCLEX-PN exam. After graduation, LPN candidates must pass the NCLEX-PN, a computer-based exam. Testing and licensure requirements can vary by state; so before you apply to take the NCLEX-PN, be sure you have completed the appropriate LPN education requirements where you plan to practice.
  5. Seek advancement opportunities. Once you're a certified LPN, you can take steps to advance your career. Some hospitals offer LPNs the opportunity to work on IV teams, as treatment or special procedure nurses, and in critical care settings. Continuing education is a requirement in some states and for some employers; it will also help you stay abreast of new developments in nursing and health care.


  • Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, https://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/licensed-practical-and-licensed-vocational-nurses.htm
  • Summary Report - Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses, O*NET OnLine, https://www.onetonline.org/link/summary/29-2061.00

Licensed Practical Nurse Skills

Below are the skills needed to be licensed practical nurse according to their importance on the scale of 1 to 5 (1 being lowest and 5 being highest) and competency level on a scale of 1 to 7 (1 being lowest and 7 being highest).

Skill NameImportanceCompetence
Service Orientation4.124
Reading Comprehension43.5
Time Management43.38
Social Perceptiveness44

Licensed Practical Nurse Abilities

Below are the abilities needed to be licensed practical nurse according to their importance on the scale of 1 to 5 (1 being lowest and 5 being highest) and competency level on a scale of 1 to 7 (1 being lowest and 7 being highest).

Ability NameImportanceCompetence
Speech Clarity43.12
Oral Comprehension44
Oral Expression44
Problem Sensitivity44
Written Comprehension44

Licensed Practical Nurse Knowledge

Below are the knowledge areas needed to be licensed practical nurse according to their importance on the scale of 1 to 5 (1 being lowest and 5 being highest) and competency level on a scale of 1 to 7 (1 being lowest and 7 being highest).

Knowledge AreaImportanceCompetence
Medicine and Dentistry4.64.28
Customer and Personal Service4.325.43
English Language4.093.82
Therapy and Counseling3.733.99

Licensed Practical Nurse Work activities

Below are the work activities involved in being licensed practical nurse according to their importance on the scale of 1 to 5 (1 being lowest and 5 being highest) and competency level on a scale of 1 to 7 (1 being lowest and 5 being highest).

Work ActivityImportanceCompetence
Assisting and Caring for Others4.866.19
Documenting/Recording Information4.765.25
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates4.715.17
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships4.555.28
Getting Information4.524.27

Licensed Practical Nurse Work styles

Below are the work styles involved in being licensed practical nurse according to their importance on the scale of 1 to 5 (1 being lowest and 5 being highest).

Work StyleImportance
Attention to Detail4.78
Self Control4.76
Stress Tolerance4.74

Metro Areas Sorted by Total Employment for
Licensed Practical Nurse

Listed below are the 10 largest metro areas based on the total number of people employed in Licensed Practical Nurse jobs , as of 2017

Metro AreaTotal EmploymentAnnual Mean Salary
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim28,340$50,940
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington15,740$47,920
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land12,820$51,490
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell11,940$43,140
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach10,600$45,030
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario7,680$48,900
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward7,380$59,510
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater7,240$43,680
San Antonio-New Braunfels6,560$44,970

Compare Total Employment & Salaries for Lpns

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Total employment and salary for professions similar to lpns

Source : 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2016-26 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS.gov; O*NET® 22.1 Database, O*NET OnLine, National Center for O*NET Development, Employment & Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, onetonline.org

Most Popular Industries for
Licensed Practical Nurse

These industries represent at least 1% of the total number of people employed in this occupation.

IndustryTotal EmploymentPercentAnnual Median Salary
Nursing And Residential Care256,05035%$40,440
Medical Office175,03023%$37,080
Office Services And Staffing45,9706%$44,390
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We have some additional detailed pages at the state level for Licensed Practical Nurse.

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