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Overview

Introduction to Anchorage, Alaska

The city of Anchorage is located in the south-central part of Alaska at the base of the Chugach Mountains. The largest city in the state, Anchorage encompasses an area of nearly 2,000 square miles, about the size of the state of Delaware. The city sits on a triangular peninsula surrounded by the Cook Inlet, which is the northernmost reach of the Pacific Ocean. The Chugach, Kenai, Talkeetna, Tordrillo, Aleutian and Alaska mountain ranges are all visible from the city, and on clear days so is Mount McKinley, North America's tallest mountain, which is located 130 miles north of Anchorage.

Roughly twice the size of Rhode Island, Anchorage encompasses an area of nearly 2,000 square miles. The city's Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport is the center of airline activity for the state, and is served by many interstate, national, and international airlines. There is one officially designated Interstate Highway in Anchorage: Alaska State Highway 1, which runs through the city. Anchorage is a major port city, receiving the bulk of all freight entering Alaska. Major industries in the city include government (military), oil, and tourism (summer being a prime tourist season).

Although Russian explorers had established themselves in southern Alaska during the late 18th-century, English explorer Captain James Cook is credited with first exploring and describing the Anchorage area in 1778. The area retained a heavy Russian cultural influence during the next hundred years owing to a large volume of trading throughout the Russian possession of Alaska. Things began to change in 1867 concurrent with the sale of "Russian America" to the United States for a sum of $7,200,000. Although the sale was mocked at the time and known as "Seward's Folly" (referring to U.S. Secretary of State William Seward who pushed for the purchase of the territory), the subsequent major discovery of oil in the territory helped change this perception. In 1915 construction of the Alaska Railroad began and Ship Creek Landing in Anchorage was selected as headquarters for this effort, transforming Anchorage into a bustling frontier town. Anchorage was incorporated as a city in 1920, a good 39 years before Alaska would attain statehood. A setback occurred on March 27, 1964, when Anchorage was hit by the Good Friday Earthquake. This natural disaster, which registered 9.2 on the Richter Scale (the largest ever recorded in North America), caused tremendous destruction from which the city ultimately recovered and was able to continue prospering. Anchorage today serves as the hub of the state's transportation, communication, finance and trade industries, and is in every sense a modern city housing a thriving business district and a bustling international airport.

Anchorage Points of Interest

Downtown Anchorage is home to the Alaska Center for the Performing Arts, a facility which hosts numerous performing arts events each year. As the host site of eight resident performing arts companies, the center is a thriving visitor attraction which also hosts the International Ice Carving Competition as part of February's Fur Rendezvous Festival. The city is also home to several cultural venues, including the following:

  • Anchorage Museum of History and Art: A world-class museum dedicated to collecting, preserving, interpreting the history, art and culture of Alaska
  • Alaska Aviation Heritage Museum: Presents Alaskan aviation history with vintage aircraft, memorabilia, photographs, films and artifacts
  • Alaska Botanical Garden: Nature trail and rock, herb and perennial garden
  • Alaska Native Heritage Center: The premier cultural center of its kind in the state
  • Oscar Anderson House Museum: Chronicles early history of Anchorage and features guided tours
  • Russian Orthodox Museum: Presents the history of Russian Alaska
  • Imaginarium: Science Discovery Center
  • Fire Department Museum

Recreational sites in and around Anchorage include Chugach State Park, a half-million acre park rich in recreational opportunities such as hiking, skiing, camping, and snowmobiling; Denali National Park & Preserve, located near Mount McKinley and featuring rafting and mountain biking; the Alpenglow and Hilltop Ski Areas; the Alyeska Resort; and the H2Oasis Indoor Waterpark. One of the city's most popular attractions is the Northern Lights. Also known as Aurora Borealis, the lights appear in the sky as glowing swaying ripples which fold and unfold when the sun's electrically charged particles react to the earth's magnetic field. Fall, winter and spring are the prime seasons for viewing the lights, which most often appear near midnight.

Pro sports in Anchorage can be found at the Sullivan Arena, home to the Alaska Aces of the East Coast Hockey League (ECHL). The city's only other professional franchise is the Alaska Wild, an indoor football team in the Intense Football League (IFL), which is scheduled to commence play for the first time in April 2007.

Anchorage Almanac

CategoryValue
County Anchorage Municipality, Municipality of Anchorage, North Slope Borough
Standard Zip Codes99501, 99502, 99503, 99504, 99507, 99508, 99513, 99515, 99516, 99517, 99518, 99529, 99530, 99599, 99540, 99506, 99505
P.O. Box Zip Codes99509, 99510, 99511, 99514, 99519, 99520, 99521, 99522, 99523, 99524, 99695
Phone Area Codes907
Time ZoneAmerica/Anchorage
Approximate Latitude61.22
Approximate Longitude-149.85

Anchorage Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationANCHORAGE INTL AP
Distance4.7 miles
Jan Temp9 to 22 F
Apr Temp29 to 44 F
Jul Temp52 to 65 F
Oct Temp28 to 40 F
Annual Precip16 inches
StationFT RICHARDSON W T P
Distance7.9 miles
Jan Temp7 to 22 F
Apr Temp26 to 44 F
Jul Temp49 to 65 F
Oct Temp26 to 40 F
Annual Precip15.1 inches
StationEAGLE RIVER 5 SE
Distance16.4 miles
Jan Temp5 to 21 F
Apr Temp25 to 48 F
Jul Temp48 to 69 F
Oct Temp25 to 40 F
Annual Precip17.2 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Houston2,028$67,857

Anchorage Public Libraries

Anchorage Public Library
3600 DENALI STREET
Anchorage, Alaska
(907) 343-2892

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More Information for Librarians

Anchorage Hospitals

Alaska Regional Hospital
(Proprietary)
2801 Debarr Road
(907) 276-1131
Alaska Psychiatric Institute
(Government - State)
3700 Piper Street
(907) 269-7100
Northwest Medical
2841 Debarr Road, Suite 22
(907) 276-6301
Northstar Hospital
(Proprietary)
2530 Debarr Road
(907) 258-7575
Elmendorf Afb Regional Hospital
(Government - Federal)
5955 Zeamer Ave
(907) 580-6260
Alaska Native Medical Center
(Government - Federal)
4315 Diplomacy Drive
(907) 563-2662
Alaska Va Healthcare System
(Government - Federal)
1201 N Muldoon Rd
Providence Alaska Medical Center
(Non-profit)
3200 Providence Drive
(907) 562-2211
First Care Medical Center
1301 Huffman Rd
(907) 345-1199

Anchorage Public Schools

Avail School
425 C Street
ZIP: 99501
Other
Total Enrollment 60
Central Middle School Of Science
1405 E St
ZIP: 99501
Middle
Total Enrollment 480
Chugach Optional Elementary
1205 E St
ZIP: 99501
Primary
Total Enrollment 258
Crossroads School
3350 Commercial Dr # 101
ZIP: 99501
High
Total Enrollment 30
Denali Montessori Elementary
148 East Ninth Avenue
ZIP: 99501
Primary
Total Enrollment 420
Fairview Elementary
1327 Nelchina Street
ZIP: 99501
Primary
Total Enrollment 443
Government Hill Elementary
525 Bluff Drive
ZIP: 99501
Primary
Total Enrollment 442
Inlet View Elementary
1219 N Street
ZIP: 99501
Primary
Total Enrollment 234
Chinook Elementary
3101 W 88th Ave
ZIP: 99502
Primary
Total Enrollment 466
Dimond High School
2909 W 88th Ave
ZIP: 99502
High
Total Enrollment 1695
Gladys Wood Elementary
7001 Cranberry Street
ZIP: 99502
Primary
Total Enrollment 395
Kincaid Elementary
4900 Raspberry Road
ZIP: 99502
Primary
Total Enrollment 541
Sand Lake Elementary
7500 Jewel Lake Rd
ZIP: 99502
Primary
Total Enrollment 682
Family Partnership Charter School
401 E Fireweed Lane Suite 100
ZIP: 99503
Other
Total Enrollment 541
Frontier Charter School
400 W Northern Lights Blvd, #9
ZIP: 99503
Other
Total Enrollment 267
North Star Elementary
605 W Fireweed Lane
ZIP: 99503
Primary
Total Enrollment 440
Romig Middle School
2500 Minnesota Dr
ZIP: 99503
Middle
Total Enrollment 800
Steller Secondary School
2508 Blueberry Lane
ZIP: 99503
High
Total Enrollment 282
Willow Crest Elementary
1004 W Tudor Rd
ZIP: 99503
Primary
Total Enrollment 427
Alaska Native Cultural Charter School
550 Bragaw Street
ZIP: 99504
Primary
Total Enrollment 334
Alaska State School For The Deaf & Hard Of Hearing
5530 E Northern Lights Blvd.
ZIP: 99504
Other
Total Enrollment 41
Bartlett High School
1101 Golden Bear Drive
ZIP: 99504
High
Total Enrollment 1491
Baxter Elementary
2991 Baxter Road
ZIP: 99504
Primary
Total Enrollment 382
Chester Valley Elementary
1751 Patterson Rd
ZIP: 99504
Primary
Total Enrollment 251
Creekside Park Elementary
7500 E 6th Ave
ZIP: 99504
Primary
Total Enrollment 455
Highland Tech High Charter School
5530 E Northern Lights Suite 1
ZIP: 99504
Other
Total Enrollment 193
Muldoon Elementary
525 Cherry Street
ZIP: 99504
Primary
Total Enrollment 421
Nicholas J. Begich Middle School
7440 Creekside Center Dr
ZIP: 99504
Middle
Total Enrollment 1042
Nunaka Valley Elementary
1905 Twining Drive
ZIP: 99504
Primary
Total Enrollment 276
Ptarmigan Elementary
888 Edwards Street
ZIP: 99504
Primary
Total Enrollment 381
Scenic Park Elementary
3933 Patterson Rd
ZIP: 99504
Primary
Total Enrollment 394
Susitna Elementary
7500 Tyone Circle
ZIP: 99504
Primary
Total Enrollment 447
Abbott Loop Elementary
8427 Lake Otis Parkway
ZIP: 99507
Primary
Total Enrollment 362
Benson Secondary/s.e.a.r.c.h.
4515 Campbell Airstrip Rd
ZIP: 99507
High
Total Enrollment 251
Focus Homeschool
9312 Vanguard Dr
ZIP: 99507
Other
Total Enrollment 236
Hanshew Middle School
10121 Lake Otis Parkway
ZIP: 99507
Middle
Total Enrollment 737
Kasuun Elementary
4000 E 68th Avenue
ZIP: 99507
Primary
Total Enrollment 451
Northern Lights Abc K-8 School
2424 East Dowling Road
ZIP: 99507
Primary
Total Enrollment 609
Polaris K-12 School
6200 Ashwood Street
ZIP: 99507
Other
Total Enrollment 475
Rilke Schule Charter School
650 W International Airport Rd
ZIP: 99507
Primary
Total Enrollment 443
Service High School
5577 Abbott Rd
ZIP: 99507
High
Total Enrollment 1770
Spring Hill Elementary
9911 Lake Otis Pwky
ZIP: 99507
Primary
Total Enrollment 377
The New Path High School
1400 East 4th Avenue
ZIP: 99507
High
Total Enrollment 29
Trailside Elementary
5151 Abbott Road
ZIP: 99507
Primary
Total Enrollment 424
Tudor Elementary
1666 Cache Dr
ZIP: 99507
Primary
Total Enrollment 344
Airport Heights Elementary
1510 Alder Drive
ZIP: 99508
Primary
Total Enrollment 321
Clark Middle School
150 South Bragaw Street
ZIP: 99508
Middle
Total Enrollment 1010
College Gate Elementary
3101 Sunflower Street
ZIP: 99508
Primary
Total Enrollment 354
East High School
4025 E Northern Lights Blvd
ZIP: 99508
High
Total Enrollment 2160
King Career Center
2650 E Northern Lights Blvd
ZIP: 99508
High
Lake Otis Elementary
3331 Lake Otis Parkway
ZIP: 99508
Primary
Total Enrollment 445
Mclaughlin Secondary School
2600 Providence Dr
ZIP: 99508
High
Total Enrollment 96
Mountain View Elementary
4005 Mcphee Avenue
ZIP: 99508
Primary
Total Enrollment 375
Rogers Park Elementary
1400 E Northern Lights Blvd
ZIP: 99508
Primary
Total Enrollment 565
Russian Jack Elementary
4300 E 20th Ave
ZIP: 99508
Primary
Total Enrollment 385
Wendler Middle School
2905 Lake Otis Parkway
ZIP: 99508
Middle
Total Enrollment 478
Whaley School
2220 Nichols St
ZIP: 99508
Other
Total Enrollment 449
William Tyson Elementary
2801 Richmond Avenue
ZIP: 99508
Primary
Total Enrollment 421
Williwaw Elementary
1200 San Antonio Street
ZIP: 99508
Primary
Total Enrollment 391
Winterberry School
4802 Bryn Mawr Court
ZIP: 99508
Primary
Total Enrollment 267
Wonder Park Elementary
5100 E 4th Ave
ZIP: 99508
Primary
Total Enrollment 417
Bayshore Elementary
10500 Bayshore Drive
ZIP: 99515
Primary
Total Enrollment 450
Klatt Elementary
11900 Puma Street
ZIP: 99515
Primary
Total Enrollment 396
Mears Middle School
2700 W 100th
ZIP: 99515
Middle
Total Enrollment 776
Ocean View Elementary
11911 Johns Rd
ZIP: 99515
Primary
Total Enrollment 432
Bear Valley Elementary
15001 Mountain Air Drive
ZIP: 99516
Primary
Total Enrollment 381
Bowman Elementary
11700 Gregory Rd
ZIP: 99516
Primary
Total Enrollment 521
Goldenview Middle School
15800 Goldenview Drive
ZIP: 99516
Middle
Total Enrollment 700
Huffman Elementary
12000 Lorraine Street
ZIP: 99516
Primary
Total Enrollment 386
O'malley Elementary
11100 Rockridge Drive
ZIP: 99516
Primary
Total Enrollment 339
Rabbit Creek Elementary
13650 Lake Otis Parkway
ZIP: 99516
Primary
Total Enrollment 436
South Anchorage High School
13400 Elmore Road
ZIP: 99516
High
Total Enrollment 1444
Aquarian Charter School
1705 W 32nd Ave
ZIP: 99517
Primary
Total Enrollment 379
Lake Hood Elementary
3601 W 40th Avenue
ZIP: 99517
Primary
Total Enrollment 381
Northwood Abc Elementary
4807 Northwood Dr
ZIP: 99517
Primary
Total Enrollment 350
Turnagain Elementary
3500 W Northern Lights Blvd
ZIP: 99517
Primary
Total Enrollment 435
West High School
1700 Hillcrest Dr
ZIP: 99517
High
Total Enrollment 1899
Campbell Elementary
7206 Rovenna Street
ZIP: 99518
Primary
Total Enrollment 394
S.a.v.e. High School
410 East 56th
ZIP: 99518
High
Total Enrollment 185
Taku Elementary
701 E 72nd Avenue
ZIP: 99518
Primary
Total Enrollment 402

Anchorage Private Schools

True Vine Christian School
744 E 13th Ave
ZIP: 99501
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 5
Lumen Christi
8110d Jewel Lake Rd
ZIP: 99502
Secondary
Total Enrollment 78
Holy Rosary Academy
1010 W Fireweed Ln
ZIP: 99503
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 93
Anchorage Christian Schools
6401 E Northern Lights Blvd
ZIP: 99504
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 535
Anchorage Waldorf School
3250 Baxter Rd
ZIP: 99504
Elementary
Total Enrollment 93
Anchorage Junior Academy
5511 Omalley Rd
ZIP: 99507
Elementary
Total Enrollment 32
Childrens Garden Montessori
1520 Omalley Rd
ZIP: 99507
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 40
Faith Evangelical Lutheran School
5200 Lake Otis Pkwy
ZIP: 99507
Elementary
Total Enrollment 57
Starbright Early Learning Center
3531 E Tudor Rd
ZIP: 99507
Elementary
Total Enrollment 16
Pacific Northern Academy
550 Bragaw St
ZIP: 99508
Elementary
Total Enrollment 123
Atheneum School
1920 W Dimond Blvd
ZIP: 99515
Secondary
Total Enrollment 9
Grace Christian School
12407 Pintail St
ZIP: 99516
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 575
St Elizabeth Ann Seton School
2901 Huffman Rd
ZIP: 99516
Elementary
Total Enrollment 160
Anchorage Montessori School
5001 Northwood Dr
ZIP: 99517
Elementary
Total Enrollment 41
Anchor Lutheran School
8100 Arctic Blvd
ZIP: 99518
Elementary
Total Enrollment 90
Sources :
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