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Overview

Introduction to Fairbanks, Alaska

Fairbanks is situated close to the confluence of the Tanana and Chena rivers in Fairbanks North Star Borough. It's the second largest city in the state of Alaska and serves as a junction for several primary highways. The climate experiences vast changes, with quick temperature movements and thunderstorms. Snow falls during the summer months. However, during the long days of summer the temperature occasionally rises over 70 degrees. The bitter cold winters typically begin by mid-October and continue until mid-April.

The town serves as the region's service and supply center. Tourism, mining, financial institutions and medical services are significant factors for the economy. The government is a major employer, especially the Eilson Air Force Base and Fort Wainwright.

Attractions

Pioneer Park incudes attractions such as a restored gold rush town, the Alaska Centennial for the Arts, the Tanana Valley Railroad Museum and the Pioneer Air Museum. The sternwheeler, SS Nenana has been converted to a noteworthy museum. The Crooked Creek and Whiskey Island Railroad travels through the park.

The Riverboat Discovery is recognized as one of the best tours in Fairbanks. The sternwheel riverboat takes visitors on a scenic tour of the Chena and Tanana rivers. The tour makes a stop at the Chena Indian village and the passengers are allowed to tour the village. Other noteworthy attractions include:

  • The Georgeson Botanical Garden is located on the University of Fairbanks campus.
  • The wonderful Aurora borealis also known as the "Northern Lights" can typically be seen 200 days per year from Fairbanks.
  • The Trans-Atlantic Pipeline is one of the largest pipelines in the entire world.
  • Creamer's Field Wildlife refuge is a prominent migratory stopover destination for a vast number of geese, sandhill cranes, ducks and other species of birds.
  • The El Dorado Gold Mine tour allows visitors to pan for gold and teaches the history of the region's mining activities.
  • The Fairbanks Ice Dogs play minor league hockey games.
  • The University of Alaska Museum.
  • Fairbanks Community Museum.
  • Wickerson House Museum.
  • R.C. Wood House.

Events

  • Fairbanks Golden Days.
  • Rubber Duckie Race.
  • The Red-Green Regatta.
  • Yukon Quest Dog Race.
  • World Ice Arts Championships.
  • Yukon Title Curling Classic.
  • Summer Sun Festival.

Activities

The Chena Hot Springs Resort is a popular destination and features the Aurora Ice Museum. Everything in the venue is made from ice, including polar bear beds, and a chess set. During the summer, the Chena River is popular for boating, canoeing and jet skiing. The White Mountains National Recreation Area, the Gates National Park and Reserve as well as the Arctic National Wild life Refuge are excellent locations to view the region's beautiful scenery. Fishing with expert guides, mountain biking, kayaking, whitewater rafting, snowmobiling, skiing and hunting are some of the popular activities available in the region.

History

The city is named in tribute to Charles Fairbanks, a Republican senator from Indiana. A trading post established in 1901 by Captain E.T. Barnett was the first settlement created by non-natives. A gold rush occurred in 1902 with the discovery of gold in the creeks near Fairbanks. Numerous homes and businesses were established during this time. The city experienced a highly destructive flood and a devastating fire in the early portion of the 1900's.

Higher Education

The University of Alaska, Fairbanks is situated in the city.

Demographics

People

Total Population32,578
Male Share of the Population53.4%
Female Share of the Population46.6%
Senior Citizens7.6%
Employed Population 16+16,565
Age of the Population28

Families

% of people married44.6%
Average household size3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher25.6%
Median Earnings25+$39,650
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$20,703
Median Earnings With High School Degree$31,857

Wealth

Median Family Income$68,218
% Above Poverty Level88.4%
% Below Poverty Level11.6%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time12 minutes
% Working from Home3%
% Walking and Biking to Work7.6%
% Using Public Transportation1.3%

Housing

People Living Alone28.6%
Median Gross Rent$1,277
Median House Value$200,200

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)44.3%
German13.3%
Irish9.5%
English7.3%
Italian3.5%
Norwegian3.1%
French Except Basque2.2%
Polish2.1%
Welsh1.5%
Scottish1.5%
Swedish1.5%
Dutch1.4%
African1.1%
Canadian0.9%
Russian0.6%
Danishn0.6%
Finnish0.5%
Arab0.4%
Portuguese0.3%
Austrian0.3%
West Indian0.3%
Palestinian0.2%
Lithuanian0.2%
Swiss0.2%
Kenyan0.2%
Czech0.2%
Greek0.2%
Basque0.2%
Barbadian0.1%
Nigerian0.1%
Jamaican0.1%
Ukrainian0.1%
Hungarian0.1%
Belgian0.1%
Moroccan0.1%
Lebanese0.1%
Bulgarian0.1%
Croatian0.1%
Serbian0.1%
Israeli0.1%
Icelander0.1%
Ethiopian0.1%
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Fairbanks Almanac

CategoryValue
County Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Fairbanks North Star Borough, Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area
Standard Zip Codes99709, 99712, 99775, 99790, 99701, 99714, 99702, 99705
P.O. Box Zip Codes99706, 99707, 99708, 99710, 99711, 99767, 99716
Phone Area Codes907
Time ZoneAmerica/Anchorage
Approximate Latitude64.01
Approximate Longitude-144.68

Fairbanks Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationGILMORE CREEK
Distance7.4 miles
Jan Temp-14 to 6 F
Apr Temp16 to 44 F
Jul Temp45 to 72 F
Oct Temp13 to 34 F
Annual Precip14 inches
StationNORTH POLE
Distance9.6 miles
Jan Temp-19 to -2 F
Apr Temp19 to 46 F
Jul Temp50 to 75 F
Oct Temp15 to 32 F
Annual Precip10.7 inches
StationUNIVERSITY EXP STA
Distance9.9 miles
Jan Temp-15 to 2 F
Apr Temp19 to 45 F
Jul Temp50 to 74 F
Oct Temp16 to 33 F
Annual Precip12.1 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
North Pole2,300$87,171

Fairbanks Public Libraries

Fairbanks North Star Borough Public Libraries
1215 COWLES STREET
Fairbanks, Alaska
(907) 459-1022

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More Information for Librarians

Fairbanks Hospitals

Fairbanks Memorial Hospital
(Non-profit)
1650 Cowles Street
(907) 452-8181
Polar Wind Medical Center
1867 Airport Way, Ste. 140a
(907) 457-9355

Fairbanks Public Schools

Alternative Learning Systems
520 Fifth Avenue
ZIP: 99701
Other
Total Enrollment 114
Anne Wien Elementary
1501 Hampstead Avenue
ZIP: 99701
Primary
Total Enrollment 420
Barnette Magnet School
1000 Barnette Street
ZIP: 99701
Primary
Total Enrollment 409
Chinook Montessori Charter School
3002 International Street
ZIP: 99701
Primary
Total Enrollment 150
Denali Elementary
1042 Lathrop St
ZIP: 99701
Primary
Total Enrollment 389
Fairbanks B.e.s.t.
520 Fifth Avenue
ZIP: 99701
Other
Total Enrollment 233
Fairbanks Youth Facility
1502 Wilbur Street
ZIP: 99701
Other
Total Enrollment 16
Hunter Elementary
1630 Gillam Way
ZIP: 99701
Primary
Total Enrollment 332
Interior Distance Education Of Alaska (idea)
2157 Vanhorn Rd
ZIP: 99701
Other
Total Enrollment 4020
Joy Elementary
24 Margaret St
ZIP: 99701
Primary
Total Enrollment 452
Ladd Elementary
601 F Street
ZIP: 99701
Primary
Total Enrollment 508
Lathrop High School
901 Airport Way
ZIP: 99701
High
Total Enrollment 1045
Nordale Elementary
397 Hamilton Ave
ZIP: 99701
Primary
Total Enrollment 314
Randy Smith Middle School
1401 Bainbridge
ZIP: 99701
Middle
Total Enrollment 325
Ryan Middle School
951 Airport Way
ZIP: 99701
Middle
Total Enrollment 353
Salcha Elementary
8530 Richardson Highway
ZIP: 99701
Primary
Total Enrollment 69
Tanana Middle School
600 Trainor Gate Road
ZIP: 99701
Middle
Total Enrollment 463
Ticasuk Brown Elementary
785 Lakloey Drive
ZIP: 99701
Primary
Total Enrollment 515
Two Rivers School
400 Two Rivers Road
ZIP: 99701
Primary
Total Enrollment 89
Weller Elementary
635 Elementary Drive
ZIP: 99701
Primary
Total Enrollment 469
Effie Kokrine Charter School
601 Loftus Road
ZIP: 99709
High
Total Enrollment 157
Hutchison High School
3750 Geist Road
ZIP: 99709
High
Total Enrollment 387
Pearl Creek Elementary
700 Auburn Drive
ZIP: 99709
Primary
Total Enrollment 494
Raven Correspondence School
4762 Old Airport Way
ZIP: 99709
Other
Total Enrollment 1169
University Park Elementary
554 Loftus Road
ZIP: 99709
Primary
Total Enrollment 503
Watershed Charter School
4975 Decathlon Avenue
ZIP: 99709
Primary
Total Enrollment 199
West Valley High School
3800 Geist Road
ZIP: 99709
High
Total Enrollment 1000
Woodriver Elementary
5000 Palo Verde Dr
ZIP: 99709
Primary
Total Enrollment 450

Fairbanks Private Schools

Catholic Schools Of Fairbanks
615 Monroe St
ZIP: 99701
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 457
Fairbanks Montessori Association
2014 30th Ave
ZIP: 99701
Elementary
Total Enrollment 15
Far North Christian School
1110 20th Ave
ZIP: 99701
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 36
Golden Heart Christian School
1811 Farmers Loop Rd
ZIP: 99709
Elementary
Total Enrollment 29
Open Arms Lutheran Child Development Center
2980 Davis Rd
ZIP: 99709
Elementary
Total Enrollment 12
Fairhill Christian School
101 City Lights Blvd
ZIP: 99712
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 87
Sources :
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