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Overview

Introduction to Yuma, Arizona

The Arizona city of Yuma, county seat of Yuma County, lies in the extreme southwest corner of the state just a few miles from the borders of California and Mexico. Framed by rugged mountains, the city is situated just below the meeting point of the Colorado and Gila rivers. There are no big cities close to Yuma, the nearest being over three hours away. Phoenix is about 175 miles to the east and San Diego California about the same distance away in the opposite direction. Yuma is connected to both by Interstate I-8 which is one of two main arteries running through the city, the other being U.S. Route 95.

Having gone under the names of both Colorado City and Arizona City, Yuma was named for the Yuma Indians. The Yumas are actually a composite of three local tribes (the Quechans, Cocopahs, and Mohaves), who according to legend built fires in the belief that rain would come to the area (the native word "uma" translates to "fire"). Yuma today is a large agricultural community and has grown to be one of the state's most important cities. The military is also a prominent factor in the city owing to the dual presence of the Marine Corps Air Station and the Yuma Proving Grounds, an Army test site.

Yuma Points of Interest

A wealth of outdoor recreational opportunities awaits visitors to Yuma, which is also rich in historic and cultural sites. The historical Yuma Territorial Prison, which accepted its first inmate back in 1876, is now operated as a historical museum. The Yuma Crossing State Historic Park houses 6 restored and 6 replicated buildings commemorating the cultural and educational development of western history along its 9 acres of winding pathways. The Historic Yuma Theatre features original film screenings, community theater productions, and Saturday children's matinees, as well as jazz festivals, art symposiums, educational workshops, and many special events. The Yuma Ballet Theatre & Performing Arts Company stages a wide assortment of artistic presentations and fully staged dance concerts annually. The Fort Yuma-Quechan Museum, formerly part of one of the oldest military posts associated with the Arizona Territory, houses tribal relics of the Quechan Tribe. The Century House Museum, one of Yuma's oldest and most historic buildings, exhibits artifacts, photographs and furnishings of Arizona's territorial period. Fans of the visual arts will appreciate the Yuma Fine Arts Museum, recognized as one of the Southwest's major art museums. Yuma is also home to the Marine Corps Air Station, which stages an annual air show along with many large-scale military exercises. Gaming fans and occasional gamblers don't have to go far to visit a casino. There are two in the area: The Cocopah Casino and the Paradise Casino.

Yuma also celebrates a number of annual events and festivals. Some of these are:

  • Yuma Lettuce Days (January): a downtown event held in the midst of the growing season, celebrating the fact that over 90 percent of the country's winter vegetable crops are grown in the Yuma area.
  • Bluegrass in the Park (January): an outdoor event featuring bluegrass music held at the Yuma Crossing State Historic Park.
  • Yuma Square Dance Festival (February)
  • Midnight at the Oasis (March): a classic car and nostalgia festival.
  • Yuma County Science Festival (March): includes participation of students in grades 4 through 12.
  • Yuma Birding and Nature Festival (April): includes seminars, hikes, and natural history tours of Yuma and northern Mexico.
  • Colorado River Crossing Balloon Festival (November): one of the premier hot-air balloon events in the country.
  • Children's Festival of the Arts (November)

Yuma sports fans were recently pleased to learn that a new professional baseball team will be in town as of early 2007. The Yuma Scorpions will be playing in a newly-formed instructional league administered by the independent Golden Baseball League (GBL). The league will play its games prior to the GBL summer season and will be staffed with the summer season's instructors and managers.

Demographics

People

Total Population93,704
Male Share of the Population51.6%
Female Share of the Population48.4%
Senior Citizens14.1%
Employed Population 16+38,142
Age of the Population31

Families

% of people married52.4%
Average household size3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher17.2%
Median Earnings25+$31,044
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$16,656
Median Earnings With High School Degree$26,214

Wealth

Median Family Income$48,929
% Above Poverty Level81.6%
% Below Poverty Level18.4%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time16 minutes
% Working from Home2.8%
% Walking and Biking to Work4.1%
% Using Public Transportation1.1%

Housing

People Living Alone22.6%
Median Gross Rent$865
Median House Value$120,200

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)64.9%
German8.3%
Irish5.9%
English5.4%
Italian1.8%
French Except Basque1.3%
Polish1.1%
Scottish1%
Norwegian0.9%
Dutch0.9%
Swedish0.9%
Canadian0.5%
Welsh0.5%
Finnish0.3%
African0.3%
Russian0.3%
Danishn0.2%
Czech0.2%
Swiss0.2%
Arab0.2%
Jamaican0.1%
Ukrainian0.1%
Sudanese0.1%
West Indian0.1%
Greek0.1%
Austrian0.1%
Syrian0.1%
Iraqi0.1%
Basque0.1%
Belgian0.1%
Latvian0.1%
Hungarian0.1%
Brazilian0.1%
Portuguese0.1%
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Yuma Almanac

CategoryValue
County Yuma County
Standard Zip Codes85364, 85367, 85365
P.O. Box Zip Codes85366, 85369
Phone Area Codes520,928
Time ZoneAmerica/Phoenix
Approximate Latitude32.68
Approximate Longitude-114.66

Yuma Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationYUMA AP
Distance4.3 miles
Jan Temp46 to 70 F
Apr Temp58 to 87 F
Jul Temp81 to 107 F
Oct Temp64 to 90 F
Annual Precip3 inches
StationYUMA MCAS
Distance5.2 miles
Jan Temp46 to 69 F
Apr Temp59 to 86 F
Jul Temp81 to 107 F
Oct Temp64 to 90 F
Annual Precip3.4 inches
StationKOFA MINE
Distance53.4 miles
Jan Temp46 to 66 F
Apr Temp58 to 82 F
Jul Temp79 to 104 F
Oct Temp64 to 86 F
Annual Precip6.9 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
San Luis31,118$32,753
Somerton14,866$34,946

Yuma Public Libraries

Yuma County Library District
2951 SOUTH 21ST DRIVE
Yuma, Arizona
(928) 782-1871

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Yuma Hospitals

Yuma Regional Medical Center
(Non-profit)
2400 S Ave A
(928) 344-2000
Yuma Rehabilitation Hospital
(Proprietary)
901 W 24th Street
(928) 314-8810

Yuma Public Schools

Mary E Post Elementary School
400 West 5th Street
ZIP: 85364
Yuma High School
400 6th Ave
ZIP: 85364
High
Total Enrollment 1274
O C Johnson School
1201 W. 12th Street
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 470
Kofa High School
3100 Ave A
ZIP: 85364
High
Total Enrollment 2165
Vista Alternative School
2350 Virginia Drive
ZIP: 85364
High
Total Enrollment 209
Pueblo Elementary School
2803 W 20th St
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 633
R Pete Woodard Jr High School
2250 8th Avenue
ZIP: 85364
Middle
Total Enrollment 702
Centennial Middle School
2650 W. 20th Street
ZIP: 85364
Middle
Total Enrollment 705
Amerischools Academy North
1220 S 4th Avenue
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 234
Educational Opportunity Center
3834 W. 16th Street
ZIP: 85364
High
Total Enrollment 104
Cibola High School
4100 W 20th St
ZIP: 85364
High
Total Enrollment 2572
Palmcroft Elementary School
901 Palmcroft Drive
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 572
Ronald Reagan Fundamental School
3200 W 16th St
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 651
H L Suverkrup Elementary School
1590 Ave C
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 421
Pecan Grove Elementary School
600 S. 21st Avenue
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 375
Amerischools Academy - Yuma
2098 S. 3rd Ave.
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 197
Rancho Viejo Elementary School
1020 Avenue C
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 403
Southwest Region
1047 S 4th Ave
ZIP: 85364
Other
Total Enrollment 67
Yuma Online Distance Academy
3150 S. Avenue A
ZIP: 85364
High
Total Enrollment 20
Gowan Science Academy
1590 S. Avenue C
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 287
Carpe Diem Collegiate High School Dba Carpe Diem E-learning
3777 W. 22nd Lane
ZIP: 85364
Other
Total Enrollment 177
Yuma District One Digital Learning Academy
450 W. 6th St.
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 3
Mesquite Elementary
4451 W. 28th Street
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 654
Salida Del Sol Elementary
910 S. Ave. C
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 504
Gary A. Knox Elementary School
2926 South 21st Drive
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 774
Gila Ridge High School
7150 E. 24th Street
ZIP: 85364
High
Total Enrollment 1792
C W Mcgraw Elementary School
2345 S Arizona Ave
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 656
Fourth Avenue Junior High School
450 S. 4th Avenue
ZIP: 85364
Middle
Total Enrollment 400
Aztec High School
2330 W. 28th Street
ZIP: 85364
High
Total Enrollment 130
Great Beginnings Pre-school
2926 S. 21st Drive
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Crane Middle School
4450 West 32nd Street
ZIP: 85364
Middle
Total Enrollment 730
Jail - Yuma County Sheriff's Office
200 W. Court Street
ZIP: 85364
Roosevelt School
550 5th St
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 336
George Washington Carver Elementary School
1341 W. 5th Street
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 494
Alice Byrne Elementary School
811 W. 16th Street
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 358
Valley Horizon Elementary School
4501 West 20th St
ZIP: 85364
Primary
Total Enrollment 590
Ischool2020
3777 W 22nd Lane
ZIP: 85364
High
Total Enrollment 11
Aoc-yuma County Juvenile Detention Center
2795 S. Avenue B
ZIP: 85364
Other
Castle Dome Middle School
2353 S. Otondo Drive
ZIP: 85365
Middle
Total Enrollment 871
Desert Mesa Elementary School
2350 S Avenue 7 1/2 E.
ZIP: 85365
Primary
Total Enrollment 697
James D Price School
1010 Barranca Road, Yuma Provi
ZIP: 85365
Primary
Total Enrollment 74
James B Rolle School
2711 S. Engler Avenue
ZIP: 85365
Primary
Total Enrollment 566
Gila Vista Jr High School
2245 S. Arizona Ave
ZIP: 85365
Middle
Total Enrollment 525
Desert View Academy
2363 South Kennedy Lane
ZIP: 85365
Primary
Total Enrollment 520
Mary A Otondo Elementary School
2251 Otondo Drive
ZIP: 85365
Primary
Total Enrollment 773
Ron Watson Middle School
9851 E. 28th St.
ZIP: 85365
Middle
Total Enrollment 412
Harvest Preparatory Academy
350 E. 18th Street
ZIP: 85366
Other
Total Enrollment 946
Sunrise Elementary School
9943 S. 28th Street
ZIP: 85367
Primary
Total Enrollment 621

Yuma Private Schools

Yuma Catholic High School
2100 W 28th St
ZIP: 85364
Secondary
Total Enrollment 285
St Francis Of Assisi School
700 W 18th St
ZIP: 85364
Elementary
Total Enrollment 215
Yuma Adventist Christian School
1681 S 6th Ave
ZIP: 85364
Elementary
Total Enrollment 17
Southwestern Christian School
3261 S Avenue 6 E
ZIP: 85365
Elementary
Total Enrollment 199
Yuma Lutheran School
2555 S Engler Ave
ZIP: 85365
Elementary
Total Enrollment 295
Sources :
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