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Overview

Introduction to Richmond, California

Richmond is in Contra Costa County. It's 12 miles northeast of San Francisco, although it is 16 miles over the roads. The two cities are separated by San Francisco Bay. Richmond lies along Interstate 80. It is also at the eastern end of Interstate 580, which connects it by bridge with San Rafael, a city that lies just 10 miles north of the Golden Gate Bridge.

The city is served by two major airports and one with limited scheduled passenger service. All are within 28 miles of the city. Several bus lines provide service. A combined railway station provides access to BART (Bay Area Rapid Transit District) and AMTRAK, which provides inter city passenger rail service across the United States.

Richmond History

Esselen Indians lived in the area about 5,000 years ago until the Ohlone Indians displaced them some time before 500 A.D. In 1823 Mexico granted 17,000 acres of land in present day Contra Costa County to Don Francisco Castro. Part of this land grant, named Rancho San Pablo, became the city of Richmond. As with other Californian Ranchos which gave birth to cities, San Pablo was first used for agricultural on a grand scale. It then evolved into commercial, industrial and residential use as it was divided into ever smaller parcels of land.

By 1900 the Santa Fe Railroad had established its western terminus in Richmond. This was a convenient location because passengers traveling to San Francisco from the east could simply board a ferry for the final leg across San Francisco Bay. This saved the expense of constructing tracks all the way around the bay. The railroad attracted other activity, and soon the Standard Oil Company (now called Chevron), Stauffer Chemical, Pullman Palace Car and others built industrial facilities here. The dredging of a deep water harbor in the 1920s was instrumental in attracting the Ford Motor Assembly Plant in 1931.

World War II brought a massive shipbuilding effort at the Kaiser Shipyards and a four fold population increase from 1941 to 1943. After the shipyard closed in 1945, a population decrease of 30% occurred between 1947 and 1960. Vacant space was filled to a large extent by warehousing and distribution operations, for example those of Ford Parts Depot, International Harvester, Safeway and United Grocers.

In a story familiar to many cities, Richmond's downtown has lost economic vitality to the Hilltop Mall Regional Shopping Center. But like many cities, the industrial decline at the waterfront has given birth to a mixed use area with the unmatchable attraction of the water's edge. As part of the Harbour Redevelopment Project, begun in the mid 1970s, a 350 acre master-planned Marina Bay development has risen on the site of the wartime shipbuilding industry. When completed it will consist of 2,100 homes, two thirds of a million square feet of commercial space, a marina for 1,500 pleasure boats, parks, lagoons and promenades.

Arts and Leisure

Four of Richmond's main Cultural organizations are:

  • The Richmond Art Center which contains 5,000 square feet of gallery space and a courtyard for sculpture. Its educational and outreach programs have included artist studio tours and a large community mural project involving 30 organizations.
  • The East Bay Center for the Performing Arts (EBCPA) which was founded in 1968 under the name of the East Bay Music Center. It was begun by five area teachers as a response to the assassination of the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King and the violence that followed. Since then it has expanded by adding dance, theater and film making. Original works for theatrical and film, produced by its staff and students, total more than 42.
  • The Richmond Museum of History presents the prehistoric and modern stories which one would normally expect of a local museum. But its highlight is the last surviving Victory Ship from World War II, which was built in 1944 at the Kaiser Shipyards, and which is currently being restored.
  • The Masquer's is a community Playhouse which celebrated it's 50th anniversary in 2005. The main season consists of at least five productions each year, both musicals and plays. A special program is dedicated to less mainstream productions.

Recreation

The city sponsors adult, youth and senior activities at a dozen locations. Adult activities include fitness, aerobics, softball, volleyball and water sports. The youth programs include soccer, tennis, baseball, volleyball, water sports and martial arts.

Richmond continues to build and maintain its section of the Bay Trail, a 400-500 mile hiking trail encircling the San Pablo and San Francisco Bays. The city has the most trail distance of any city along the route.

Demographics

People

Total Population108,303
Male Share of the Population48.1%
Female Share of the Population51.9%
Senior Citizens12%
Employed Population 16+49,499
Age of the Population36

Families

% of people married41%
Average household size3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher26.3%
Median Earnings25+$35,072
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$22,080
Median Earnings With High School Degree$28,112

Wealth

Median Family Income$62,445
% Above Poverty Level83.4%
% Below Poverty Level16.6%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time34 minutes
% Working from Home3.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work2.8%
% Using Public Transportation14.2%

Housing

People Living Alone28.4%
Median Gross Rent$1,242
Median House Value$330,200

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)74.2%
Irish2.8%
English2.6%
Italian2.2%
African1.5%
French Except Basque1.2%
Arab0.9%
West Indian0.8%
Brazilian0.7%
Polish0.6%
Iranian0.6%
Scottish0.6%
Russian0.6%
Norwegian0.5%
Haitian0.5%
Swedish0.5%
Ethiopian0.4%
Portuguese0.4%
Dutch0.4%
Jamaican0.3%
Swiss0.3%
Greek0.3%
Welsh0.2%
Romanian0.2%
Hungarian0.2%
Lebanese0.2%
Danishn0.2%
Ukrainian0.1%
Basque0.1%
Austrian0.1%
Turkish0.1%
Jordanian0.1%
Canadian0.1%
German0.1%
Finnish0.1%
Czech0.1%
Croatian0.1%
Lithuanian0.1%
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Richmond Almanac

CategoryValue
County Contra Costa County
Standard Zip Codes94804, 94805, 94850, 94801, 94803, 94806
P.O. Box Zip Codes94802, 94807, 94808, 94820
Phone Area Codes510
Time ZoneAmerica/Los_Angeles
Approximate Latitude37.93
Approximate Longitude-122.35

Richmond Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationBERKELEY
Distance6.5 miles
Jan Temp44 to 56 F
Apr Temp49 to 64 F
Jul Temp55 to 70 F
Oct Temp54 to 70 F
Annual Precip25.4 inches
StationOAKLAND MUSEUM
Distance10.4 miles
Jan Temp45 to 57 F
Apr Temp51 to 66 F
Jul Temp57 to 73 F
Oct Temp55 to 72 F
Annual Precip22.9 inches
StationSAN FRANCISCO DOWNTOWN
Distance12.6 miles
Jan Temp46 to 58 F
Apr Temp50 to 65 F
Jul Temp54 to 68 F
Oct Temp55 to 70 F
Annual Precip22.2 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Albany19,420$97,055
Berkeley118,585$122,798
El Cerrito24,646$107,006
Hercules25,011$114,521
Pinole19,040$82,485
San Pablo29,991$48,409

Richmond Public Libraries

Richmond Public Library
325 CIVIC CENTER PLAZA
Richmond, California
(510) 620-6555

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Richmond Hospitals

Kaiser Fnd Hosp - Richmond Campus
(Non-profit)
901 Nevin

Richmond Public Schools

Cesar E. Chavez Elementary
960 17th St.
ZIP: 94801
Primary
Total Enrollment 615
Gompers (samuel) Continuation
715 Chanslor Ave.
ZIP: 94801
High
Total Enrollment 261
Lincoln Elementary
29 Sixth St.
ZIP: 94801
Primary
Total Enrollment 465
Peres Elementary
719 Fifth St.
ZIP: 94801
Primary
Total Enrollment 534
Verde Elementary
2000 Giaramita St.
ZIP: 94801
Primary
Total Enrollment 323
Washington Elementary
565 Wine St.
ZIP: 94801
Primary
Total Enrollment 467
De Anza Senior High
5000 Valley View Rd.
ZIP: 94803
High
Total Enrollment 1263
Sheldon Elementary
2601 May Rd.
ZIP: 94803
Primary
Total Enrollment 401
Valley View Elementary
3416 Maywood Dr.
ZIP: 94803
Primary
Total Enrollment 320
Caliber: Beta Academy
5100 Potrero Ave.
ZIP: 94804
Primary
Total Enrollment 294
Coronado Elementary
2001 Virginia Ave.
ZIP: 94804
Primary
Total Enrollment 430
Ford Elementary
2711 Maricopa Ave.
ZIP: 94804
Primary
Total Enrollment 474
Grant Elementary
2400 Downer Ave.
ZIP: 94804
Primary
Total Enrollment 563
Kennedy High
4300 Cutting Blvd.
ZIP: 94804
High
Total Enrollment 865
King Elementary
4022 Florida Ave
ZIP: 94804
Primary
Total Enrollment 460
Leadership Public Schools: Richmond
251 S. 12th St., Ste. 340
ZIP: 94804
High
Total Enrollment 480
Nystrom Elementary
230 Harbour Way S.
ZIP: 94804
Primary
Total Enrollment 505
Richmond Charter Academy
3200 Barrett Ave.
ZIP: 94804
Middle
Total Enrollment 215
Richmond College Preparatory
214 S. 11th St.
ZIP: 94804
Primary
Total Enrollment 444
Richmond High
1250 23rd St.
ZIP: 94804
High
Total Enrollment 1486
Stege Elementary
4949 Cypress Ave.
ZIP: 94804
Primary
Total Enrollment 335
Lovonya Dejean Middle
3400 Macdonald Ave.
ZIP: 94805
Middle
Total Enrollment 625
Mira Vista Elementary
6397 Hazel Ave.
ZIP: 94805
Primary
Total Enrollment 519
Richmond Charter Elementary-benito Juarez
777 Sonoma St.
ZIP: 94805
Primary
Total Enrollment 158
Wilson Elementary
629 42nd St.
ZIP: 94805
Primary
Total Enrollment 506
Highland Elementary
2829 Moyers Rd.
ZIP: 94806
Primary
Total Enrollment 477
Making Waves Academy
4123 Lakeside Dr.
ZIP: 94806
Other
Total Enrollment 760
Manzanita Middle
2925 Tech Ct.
ZIP: 94806
Middle
Total Enrollment 154
Riverside Elementary
1300 Amador St.
ZIP: 94806
Primary
Total Enrollment 415

Richmond Private Schools

Elim Christian School
151 11th St
ZIP: 94801
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 18
Williams & Brown Academy
2225 Gaynor Ave
ZIP: 94801
Elementary
Total Enrollment 6
Salesian High School
2851 Salesian Ave
ZIP: 94804
Secondary
Total Enrollment 560
St Cornelius School
201 28th St
ZIP: 94804
Elementary
Total Enrollment 177
Vista Christian School
2354 Andrade Ave
ZIP: 94804
Elementary
Total Enrollment 90
Arlington Christian School
6382 Arlington Blvd
ZIP: 94805
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 29
Crestmont School
6226 Arlington Blvd Ste A
ZIP: 94805
Elementary
Total Enrollment 81
St David School
871 Sonoma St
ZIP: 94805
Elementary
Total Enrollment 129
A Better Chance School/cal Autism Foundation
4138 Lakeside Dr
ZIP: 94806
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 20
Community Christian Academy
2375 Aberdeen Way
ZIP: 94806
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 22
La Cheim School
2853 Groom Dr
ZIP: 94806
Secondary
Total Enrollment 20
La Petite Academy
3891 Lakeside Dr
ZIP: 94806
Elementary
Total Enrollment 24
Sources :
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