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Overview

Introduction to Sacramento, California

Sacramento is the capital of the State of California and is the fifth largest city in the state. It is located in north/central California, approximately an hour and a half northeast of Oakland and San Francisco.

Sacramento has a Mediterranean climate characterized by mild winters and dry summers. Snow does occur in Sacramento in the winter, but it is a rare occurrence, with the record snowfall being only 3.5 inches over 100 years ago.

Colleges and universities in Sacramento include California State University, Sacramento and Sacramento City College. Some of the programs offered may include teacher assistant training, MBAs, and Engineering & Computer Science degrees.

Sacramento History

Native Americans inhabited the Sacramento area for thousands of years before the first European settlers arrived. A Spanish explorer discovered and named the Sacramento Valley and the Sacramento River around 1806. John Sutter and other settlers established a trading colony and Sutter's Fort in 1839. Sacramento's population boomed with the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, approximately 50 miles northeast of Fort Sutter. Sacramento adopted a city charter in 1849, which was accepted by the California State Legislature in 1850, making Sacramento the oldest incorporated city in California. Some key dates in Sacramento's history include:

  • In 1849, the first river steamboat in California began service between Sacramento and San Francisco.
  • In 1852, fire destroyed more than 85% of Sacramento.
  • In 1854, Sacramento became the capital of California.
  • In 1861, construction began on the California State Capitol.
  • In 1863, construction began in Sacramento on the First Transcontinental Railroad.

Sacramento Arts and Culture

Sacramento is a center of arts and culture. Sacramento offers museums, the performing arts, and much more. Some of Sacramento's more notable museums include:

  • The California Military Museum
  • The California Museum for History, Women, and the Arts
  • The California State Capitol Museum
  • The California State Indian Museum
  • The California State Mining and Mineral Museum
  • The California State Railroad Museum
  • The Crocker Art Museum
  • The Discovery Museum History Center
  • The Wells Fargo History Museum

For patrons of the performing arts, Sacramento has a lot to offer. Some of the more notable attractions include:

  • The Camellia Symphony Orchestra
  • The Community Center Theatre
  • The Sacramento Ballet
  • The Sacramento Choral Society and Orchestra
  • The Sacramento Community Center Theatre
  • The Sacramento Light Opera Association
  • The Sacramento Philharmonic Orchestra
  • The Sacramento Theatre Company
  • The Sacramento Traditional Jazz Society

Sacramento Sports and Leisure

Sacramento does not have as many professional sports teams as other cities, but it still has some nice offerings to keep sports fans happy, including the following major sports teams:

  • Baseball - The Minor League Baseball (MiLB) Sacramento River Cats. The River Cats are a Triple-A affiliate of the Oakland Athletics.
  • Basketball - the National Basketball Association (NBA) Sacramento Kings, and the 2005 WNBA Champion Sacramento Monarchs.

Sacramento is also only an hour and a half away form both Oakland and San Francisco, and their many professional sports teams.

Sacramento is a city that is bounded by two rivers, the American and the Sacramento. There are 1000 miles of waterways around Sacramento, as well as nearby Folsom Lake and Lake Natoma. As one would expect, water sports are at the top of the list for outdoor activities, including boating, salmon and steelhead fishing, river rafting, sailing, windsurfing, and more. Sacramento also has 540 acres of municipal golf courses and more than 120 city parks encompassing over 2,000 acres. Further east, the Lake Tahoe area is home to a number of world famous ski areas.

Sacramento also plays host to numerous outdoor festivals and fairs including the Sacramento Jazz Jubilee, the California State Fair, the CA International Marathon, Summerfest, and more. There are also many wineries in the area surrounding Sacramento that are open to the public.

Sacramento "Must See" Attractions

Sacramento has attractions too numerous to do justice in a simple list. Some of Sacramento's more unique attractions include:

  • The California State Capitol Museum
  • The California State Fair
  • The California Caverns in nearby Angels Camp
  • All of the attractions of the surrounding "Gold Country" (along Highway 49 and surrounding areas)
  • Sutter's Fort
  • Wineries in the area surrounding Sacramento

Sacramento at Night

The central downtown area of Sacramento contains most of its cultural attractions. Old Sacramento, a 28-acre State Historic Park on the river, in downtown Sacramento offers dining, entertainment, and interesting shops. Excellent sources of information about restaurants, nightclubs, and events include the "Entertainment" Section of the Sacramento Bee, the weekly Sacramento News & Review (SN&R), and Sacramento Magazine.

People

Total Population 480,566
Male Share of the Population 48.5%
Female Share of the Population 51.5%
Senior Citizens 11.8%
Employed Population 16+ 204,159
Age of the Population 34

Families

% of people married 39.7%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 30%
Median Earnings25+ $35,670
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $17,649
Median Earnings With High School Degree $26,654

Wealth

Median Family Income $58,714
% Above Poverty Level 78%
% Below Poverty Level 22%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 25 minutes
% Working from Home 4.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 5.3%
% Using Public Transportation 4%

Housing

People Living Alone 32.2%
Median Gross Rent $1,022
Median House Value $238,500

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 65.2%
US/American 0.2%
English 5.2%
Irish 6.7%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Sacramento Almanac

Category Value
County Sacramento
Standard Zip Codes 95814, 95815, 95816, 95817, 95818, 95819, 95820, 95821, 95822, 95823, 95824, 95825, 95826, 95827, 95828, 95829, 95830, 95831, 95832, 95833, 95834, 95835, 95836, 95837, 95838, 95841, 95842, 95843, 95864
P.O. Box Zip Codes 94203, 94204, 94205, 94206, 94207, 94208, 94209, 94211, 94229, 94230, 94232, 94234, 94235, 94236, 94237, 94239, 94240, 94243, 94244, 94245, 94246, 94247, 94248, 94249, 94250, 94252, 94253, 94254, 94256, 94257, 94258, 94259, 94261, 94262, 94263, 94267, 94268, 94269, 94271, 94273, 94274, 94277, 942
Company Zip Codes 95840, 95857, 95867, 95887, 95894, 95899
Phone Area Codes 916
Time Zone Pacific (-8 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 38.581
Longitude -121.493

Sacramento Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station SACRAMENTO 5 ESE
Distance 4.7 miles
Jan Temp 41 to 55 F
Apr Temp 50 to 74 F
Jul Temp 61 to 94 F
Oct Temp 54 to 79 F
Annual Precip 19.8 inches
Station SACRAMENTO AP
Distance 5.7 miles
Jan Temp 39 to 54 F
Apr Temp 46 to 71 F
Jul Temp 58 to 92 F
Oct Temp 51 to 78 F
Annual Precip 17.9 inches
Station DAVIS 2 WSW EXP FARM
Distance 16 miles
Jan Temp 37 to 53 F
Apr Temp 45 to 72 F
Jul Temp 56 to 93 F
Oct Temp 48 to 79 F
Annual Precip 19 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Sacramento, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Antelope (95843)

Fruitridge (95820)

North Sacramento (95815)

Walsh Station (95826)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Citrus Heights 85,408 $58,727
Davis 66,510 $110,271
Elk Grove 161,084 $85,473
Rancho Cordova 68,326 $59,756
Roseville 126,327 $93,377
West Sacramento 50,747 $59,912

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Sacramento Public Libraries

Library
Sacramento Public Library
828 I ST.
Sacramento, California
(916) 264-2770

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Sacramento Hospitals

SUTTER GENERAL HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
2801 L STREET
(916) 454-2222
Emergency Service: Yes

UNIV OF CALIFORNIA DAVIS MED CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
2315 STOCKTON BLVD
(916) 734-3667
Emergency Service: Yes

MERCY GENERAL HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
4001 J ST
(916) 453-4545
Emergency Service: Yes

METHODIST HOSPITAL OF SACRAMENTO
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
7500 HOSPITAL DRIVE
(916) 423-6010
Emergency Service: Yes

KAISER FOUNDATION HOSP SO SACRAMENTO
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
6600 BRUCEVILLE ROAD
(916) 688-2000
Emergency Service: Yes

KAISER FOUNDATION HOSPITAL - SACRAMENTO/ROSEVILLE
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
2025 MORSE AVE
(916) 973-5000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Sacramento High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

SHELDON HIGH
8333 KINGSBRIDGE DR.
916-681-7500
Serves 3,269 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.6

KENNEDY (JOHN F.) HIGH
6715 GLORIA DR.
916-433-5200
A Magnet School.
Serves 2,541 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.1

MCCLATCHY (C.K.) HIGH
3066 FREEPORT BLVD.
916-264-4400
A Magnet School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 2,472 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.9

JOHNSON (HIRAM W.) HIGH
6879 14TH AVE.
916-277-6300
A Magnet School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 2,441 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.6

BURBANK (LUTHER) HIGH
3500 FLORIN ROAD
916-433-5100
A Magnet School.
A Title I School.
Serves 2,413 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.4

FLORIN HIGH
7956 COTTONWOOD LANE
916-689-8600
Serves 2,360 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22.2

VALLEY HIGH
6300 EHRHARDT AVE.
916-689-6500
Serves 2,328 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22.2

GRANT UNION HIGH
1400 GRAND AVE.
916-286-1000
A Title I School.
Serves 2,185 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21.5

NATOMAS HIGH
3301 ROSIN BLVD.
916-641-4960
Serves 2,064 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25

RIO AMERICANO HIGH
4540 AMERICAN RIVER DR.
916-971-7494
Serves 1,833 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25.2

MIRA LOMA HIGH
4000 EDISON AVE.
916-971-7465
Serves 1,832 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25

EL CAMINO FUNDAMENTAL HIGH
4300 EL CAMINO AVE.
916-971-7430
Serves 1,677 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 26.2

SACRAMENTO CHARTER HIGH SCHOOL
2315 34TH STREET
A Charter School.
A Magnet School.
Serves 1,640 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.1

FOOTHILL HIGH
5000 MCCLOUD DR.
916-286-1300
A Title I School.
Serves 1,547 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 23

NATOMAS CHARTER #19
4600 BLACKROCK DR
916-928-5353
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
Serves 1,045 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.2

ENCINA HIGH
1400 BELL ST.
916-971-7538
A Magnet School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 849 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.1

WEST CAMPUS HIRAM JOHNSON
5022 58TH ST.
916-277-6400
A Magnet School.
Serves 812 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25.4

SACRAMENTO JUVENILE COURT SCHOOLS
9738 LINCOLN VILLAGE DR.
916-228-2707
A Non-traditional School
Serves 556 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.9

KEEMA (ELWOOD J.) HIGH (ALT.)
2035 NORTH AVENUE
916-286-1141
A Non-traditional School
Serves 523 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 87.2

CAPITAL CITY (INDEPENDENT STUDY)
7000 FRANKLIN BLVD. SUITE 1230
916-433-5187
A Non-traditional School
Serves 418 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 27.9

LAS FLORES HIGH (ALTER.)
5900 BAMFORD DR.
916-422-5604
A Non-traditional School
Serves 379 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 31.3

ROSEMONT HIGH SCHOOL
9594 KIEFER BLVD.
916-228-5844
Serves 345 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21.3

GRANT COMMUNITY OUTREACH ACADEMY
577 LAS PALMAS AVENUE
916-643-9891
A Charter School.
Serves 319 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25.5

RIO CAZADERO HIGH (CONT.)
7825 GRANDSTAFF DR.
916-422-3058
A Non-traditional School
Serves 317 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 29.4

VISUAL & PERFORMING ARTS CHARTER
8376 FRUITRIDGE ROAD
916-382-6041
A Charter School.
A Magnet School.
Serves 301 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 23

CALVINE HIGH (CONT.)
8333 VINTAGE PARK DR.
916-689-7502
A Non-traditional School
Serves 292 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 26.5

AMERICAN LEGION HIGH (CONT.)
3801 BROADWAY
916-277-6600
A Non-traditional School
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 266 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.6

GENESIS HIGH SCHOOL
2200 JOHN STILL DRIVE
A Charter School.
A Magnet School.
Serves 247 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.7

NEW TECHNOLOGY HIGH SCHOOL
1400 DICKSON STREET
916-752-3101
A Charter School.
A Magnet School.
Serves 245 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24

DAYLOR (WILLIAM) HIGH (CONT.)
6131 ORANGE AVE.
916-427-5428
A Non-traditional School
Serves 237 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 23.7

VISTA NUEVA CAREER & TECHNOLOGY HIGH SCHOOL
2035 NORTH AVENUE
916-286-1100
A Non-traditional School
Serves 225 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.5

ELK GROVE CHARTER
5900 BAMFORD DR.
916-422-5243
A Charter School.
Serves 202 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 26.9

NAGAZYNA (MADELYN) H.S.
3001 RAMONA AVE.
916-733-2300
Serves 183 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.6

LA ENTRADA CONTINUATION HIGH
5320 HEMLOCK ST.
916-971-7590
A Non-traditional School
Serves 155 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.1

DISCOVERY HIGH (CONT.)
3700 DEL PASO ROAD
916-928-5200
A Non-traditional School
Serves 141 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.1

SACRAMENTO COUNTY COMMUNITY
2040 ETHAN WAY
916-228-2500
A Non-traditional School
Serves 134 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22.3

AMERICAS CHOICE
9320 TECH CENTER DRIVE
916-752-3174
A Charter School.
A Magnet School.
Serves 132 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.5

INSIGHTS HIGH (CONT.)
7956 COTTONWOOD LANE
916-689-7426
A Non-traditional School
Serves 93 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 31

SCUSD CHESS ACADEMY COMMUNITY DAY
7000 FRANKLIN BOULEVARD SUITE
916-443-5071
A Non-traditional School
Serves 84 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14

RUFF (LAUREL) CENTER
5325 GARFIELD
916-971-7586
A Special Education School
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 72 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 8

THE MET SACRAMENTO
4104 MARTIN LUTHER KING
916-752-3456
A Charter School.
Serves 60 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15

VALLEY OAKS
3555 AUBURN BLVD.
916-482-7757
Serves 52 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13

CAPITAL COMMUNITY DAY
5521 66TH AVE.
916-392-9746
A Non-traditional School
Serves 40 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 40

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