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Overview

Introduction to San Bernardino, California

Incorporated for the first time in 1854, and again in 1886, San Bernardino is in the Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario metropolitan area. The city of San Bernardino is located in the southern part of California, 65 miles east of Los Angeles and 50 miles from the Pacific Ocean. It is part of a larger region referred to as the Inland Empire.

San Bernardino is often referred to as a bedroom community. It attracts families because of its low cost of living relative to cities closer to the ocean. Businesses which directly serve the population are sure to grow as a result of the population increase. A different type of business growth includes the large scale development of warehousing in the areas near the former Norton Air Force Base, which was vacated in 1994 and renamed the San Bernardino International Airport. 

Temperatures reach or exceed 90 degrees an average of 101 days of the year. Rainfall averages 16 inches per year. Daily high temperatures in August average 96 degrees while daily lows average 42 degrees. January daily highs and lows average 67 and 42 degrees respectively.

Serrano History

The Serrano Indians inhabited the land which eventually became San Bernardino. In 1842, Mexico granted Rancho San Bernardino to Antonio Maria Lugo who grazed thousands of head of cattle on it. In 1851, Mormons began building a colony here by purchasing land, most of which included Rancho San Bernardino. It was to be the first in a chain of settlements along a transportation route linking the southern California port of San Pedro to the home of the Mormon's Church of Latter Day Saints in Salt Lake City. However, by 1857 two-thirds of the Mormons returned to Utah when they were recalled by their leader, Brigham Young. The return occurred in spite of having just built an infrastructure of roads, saw mills and agricultural irrigation, not to mention shelter. The 1870s brought the very profitable introduction of navel oranges to the region. This was followed by a gold rush in the 1880s.

Arts and Leisure

Cultural, historical and leisure attractions in San Bernardino include:

  • The Robert V. Fullerton Art Museum at California State University, San Bernardino.
  • The National Orange Show.
  • The Route 66 Rendezvous, an automobile show.
  • Many organizations in the greater Los Angeles area.
  • The Inland Empire 66ers, a Class A advanced baseball team in the California League affiliated with the Seattle Mariners.
  • The Western Regional Little League Championships.
  • Major professional and college sports organizations in Southern California.

People

Total Population 214,112
Male Share of the Population 49.5%
Female Share of the Population 50.5%
Senior Citizens 8.3%
Employed Population 16+ 71,117
Age of the Population 29

Families

% of people married 35.3%
Average household size 4

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 11.5%
Median Earnings25+ $25,487
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $19,176
Median Earnings With High School Degree $24,071

Wealth

Median Family Income $39,039
% Above Poverty Level 66.6%
% Below Poverty Level 33.4%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 27 minutes
% Working from Home 3.7%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.6%
% Using Public Transportation 3%

Housing

People Living Alone 20.3%
Median Gross Rent $937
Median House Value $159,800

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 78.9%
US/American 0%
English 1.9%
Irish 2.7%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

San Bernardino Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 12 miles NE of Riverside, California
County San Bernardino
Standard Zip Codes 92401, 92403, 92404, 92405, 92407, 92408, 92410, 92411
P.O. Box Zip Codes 92402, 92406, 92412, 92413, 92423, 92427
Company Zip Codes 92414, 92415, 92418, 92424
Phone Area Codes 909
Time Zone Pacific (-8 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 34.108
Longitude -117.288

San Bernardino Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station SAN BERNARDINO F S 226
Distance 2.8 miles
Jan Temp 42 to 67 F
Apr Temp 49 to 77 F
Jul Temp 63 to 96 F
Oct Temp 54 to 83 F
Annual Precip 16.4 inches
Station RIVERSIDE CITRUS EXP STN
Distance 10.4 miles
Jan Temp 42 to 66 F
Apr Temp 48 to 76 F
Jul Temp 61 to 94 F
Oct Temp 53 to 83 F
Annual Precip 10.6 inches
Station RIVERSIDE FIRE STA 3
Distance 12.2 miles
Jan Temp 43 to 68 F
Apr Temp 49 to 76 F
Jul Temp 63 to 94 F
Oct Temp 54 to 83 F
Annual Precip 10.2 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, San Bernardino, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Arrowhead Farms (92407)

Arrowhed Farm (92407)

Base Line (92410)

Cajon Junction (92407)

Del Rosa (92404, 92413)

Devore Heights (92407)

Verdemont (92407)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Colton 53,566 $44,653
Grand Terrace 12,331 $77,004
Highland 54,314 $57,385
Loma Linda 23,751 $67,111
Redlands 70,186 $83,333
Rialto 102,018 $52,779

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

San Bernardino Public Libraries

Library
San Bernardino County Library
104 W. FOURTH ST.
San Bernardino, California
(909) 387-5723
Library Web Site
San Bernardino Public Library
555 W. SIXTH ST.
San Bernardino, California
(909) 381-8201
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

San Bernardino Hospitals

ST BERNARDINE MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
2101 N WATERMAN AVE
(909) 881-4440
Emergency Service: Yes

COMMUNITY HOSPITAL OF SAN BERNARDINO
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
1805 MEDICAL CENTER DRIVE
(909) 887-6333
Emergency Service: Yes

Click the Visit School Site buttons to go directly to a school's website and learn more about the school and programs it has to offer. School website will open in a new tab.
Click the Request Info buttons to request more information from a representative at the school.

 
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San Bernardino High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

ARROYO VALLEY HIGH SCHOOL
1881 WEST BASELINE STREET
909-381-4295
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 3,091 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 27

SAN GORGONIO HIGH
2299 E. PACIFIC AVE.
909-388-6524
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 3,043 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25.2

CAJON HIGH
1200 HILL DR.
909-881-8120
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 2,577 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 23.2

PACIFIC HIGH
1020 PACIFIC ST.
909-388-6419
A Title I School.
Serves 2,560 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25.1

SAN BERNARDINO HIGH
1850 NORTH E ST.
909-881-8217
A Title I School.
Serves 2,516 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22.7

SPECIAL EDUCATION
601 N. E ST.
909-433-4600
A Special Education School
Serves 1,788 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 8.3

JUVENILE HALL/COMMUNITY
601 NORTH E ST.
909-433-4600
A Non-traditional School
Serves 630 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.1

SIERRA HIGH (CONT.)
570 E. NINTH ST.
909-388-6478
A Non-traditional School
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 581 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.2

PAL ACADEMY
2450 BLAKE ST.
909-887-7002
A Charter School.
Serves 158 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 40.5

MIDDLE COLLEGE HIGH
701 S. MT. VERNON AVE.
909-824-3218
A Non-traditional School
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 153 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21.9

ANDERSON TMR
24302 E. FOURTH ST.
909-388-6311
A Special Education School
Serves 135 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15

CARMACK SCHOOL FOR THE PH
4777 STATE ST.
909-880-6607
A Special Education School
Serves 98 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.1

YWCA ACADEMY
567 N. SIERRA WAY
909-388-2222
A Non-traditional School
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 36 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.4

BOYS AND GIRLS CLUB ACADEMY
1180 WEST NINTH
909-384-9327
A Non-traditional School
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 17 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.5

Additional Details
San Bernardino Colleges
San Bernardino colleges and trade schools.
San Bernardino Graduate Schools
San Bernardino Graduate and Business Schools
Study Online in San Bernardino
Historic San Bernardino

photo

San Bernardino railroad station between 1910 and 1930

Select a photo to view (Source):

San Bernardino railroad station between 1910 and 1930

Yucca forest near Hesperia c1899.

Additional Resources
Info for San Bernardino Government Officials


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