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Overview

Introduction to San Diego, California

San Diego, CA, is the seventh largest city in the United States with a population of nearly 1.3 million people. San Diego is the second largest city in California, and San Diego County is the third largest county by population in the United States. San Diego is located in Southern California, on San Diego Bay and near the border with Mexico. It is two hours south of Los Angeles. San Diego is home to Fortune 1000 company headquarters, including well-recognized names such as Qualcomm, Jack in the Box, and Petco Animal Supplies. San Diego and the surrounding area are also home to numerous U.S. military bases.

Many consider San Diego to possess the best climate in the United States. Daytime temperatures average 70 degrees Fahrenheit year round. San Diego weather is typically sunny and mild without many temperature extremes. San Diego does not get snow or ice during the winter, and averages less than twelve inches of rain a year.

San Diego History

The earliest Native American inhabitants of the San Diego region date from about 7,500 B.C. The first Europeans claimed the region for Spain in 1542. San Diego is named after San Diego Bay, which received its name in 1602. San Diego was incorporated as a city in 1885. Some key dates in San Diego's history include:

  • Around 1769, the Mission San Diego de Alcala was established by Franciscan friars. It was the first of five missions to be established in the San Diego area.
  • In 1821, Mexico won its independence from Spain and San Diego came under Mexican rule.
  • In 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico, invading Mexico from the east. U.S. troops reached San Diego by December.
  • In 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed which ended the war between Mexico and the United States.
  • In 1850, San Diego County was created as one of California's original 27 counties.
  • In 1915, San Diego hosted the Panama-California Exposition World's Fair.
  • In 1935 San Diego hosted the California Pacific International Exposition World's Fair.

San Diego Arts and Culture

San Diego is a center of arts and culture. San Diego offers museums, the performing arts, and much more. Some of San Diego's more notable museums include:

  • The Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego
  • The Museum of Photographic Arts
  • The Reuben H. Fleet Science Center
  • The San Diego Aerospace Museum and International Aerospace Hall of Fame
  • The San Diego Aircraft Carrier Museum
  • The San Diego Art Institute
  • The San Diego Museum of Art
  • The San Diego Natural History Museum
  • The San Diego Zoo

For patrons of the performing arts, San Diego has a lot to offer. Some of the more notable attractions include:

  • The California Ballet Company
  • The California Center for the Arts, Escondido
  • The Coronado Playhouse
  • The Cygnet Theatre
  • The La Jolla Music Society
  • The La Jolla Playhouse
  • The La Jolla Stage Company
  • The Lyceum Theatre
  • The Lyric Opera San Diego
  • The Old Globe Theatre
  • The San Diego Ballet
  • The San Diego Chamber Orchestra
  • The San Diego Opera
  • The San Diego Repertory Theatre
  • The San Diego Symphony Orchestra

San Diego Sports and Leisure

San Diego offers a nice assortment of professional sports to keep sports fans happy. San Diego is home to the following major sports teams:

  • Baseball - The Major League Baseball (MLB), San Diego Padres. The Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim also play an hour and a half north of San Diego in Anaheim. For individuals who like Minor League Baseball action, the Lake Elsinore Storm play an hour and a quarter north of San Diego in Lake Elsinore, California. They are a Class A Advanced affiliate of the San Diego Padres.
  • Football - The National Football League (NFL) San Diego Chargers.
  • Hockey - The ECHL Sand Diego Gulls. The National Hockey League (NHL) Anaheim Mighty Ducks play an hour and a half north in Anaheim.
  • Soccer - The United Soccer League (USL) USL Premier Development League San Diego Gauchos and the USL W-League San Diego Gauchos Women.

San Diego is also home to two NCAA College Bowl games, the Holiday Bowl, and the Poinsettia Bowl. And, of course, two hours to the north, Los Angeles also offers numerous professional sports teams.

San Diego's climate makes it ideal for outdoor activities. There are nearly 70 miles of beaches in San Diego County. Recreational boating and every kind of water sport are available in San Diego. Mission Bay is an ideal place for jogging, roller blading and other outdoor activities. San Diego is also famous for some of the world's best surfing.

San Diego "Must See" Attractions

San Diego has attractions too numerous to do justice in a simple list. Some of San Diego's more unique attractions include:

  • Balboa Park, overlooking both downtown San Diego and the Pacific Ocean
  • The Gaslamp Quarter Historic District
  • Old Town San Diego
  • San Diego's five missions - San Diego de Alcala, San Luis Rey, Pala, Santa Ysabel, Las Flores
  • The San Diego Aircraft Carrier Museum
  • The world famous San Diego Zoo

San Diego at Night

Downtown San Diego is where the majority of the cultural events take place. The nearby Gaslamp quarter is home to many clubs and bars. Near the beach one will find many more casual venues and eateries. Check out the Reader, San Diego magazine, and San Diego-Union Tribune for current listings of places, events and happenings.

People

Total Population 1,359,791
Male Share of the Population 50.2%
Female Share of the Population 49.8%
Senior Citizens 11.5%
Employed Population 16+ 671,365
Age of the Population 34

Families

% of people married 43.4%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 43%
Median Earnings25+ $41,361
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $18,646
Median Earnings With High School Degree $27,843

Wealth

Median Family Income $78,321
% Above Poverty Level 84.6%
% Below Poverty Level 15.4%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 23 minutes
% Working from Home 6.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.9%
% Using Public Transportation 4%

Housing

People Living Alone 28.5%
Median Gross Rent $1,377
Median House Value $463,300

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 55.6%
US/American 0.2%
English 6%
Irish 7.5%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

San Diego Almanac

Category Value
County San Diego
Metro Area San Diego
Standard Zip Codes 92101, 92102, 92103, 92104, 92105, 92106, 92107, 92108, 92109, 92110, 92111, 92113, 92114, 92115, 92116, 92117, 92118, 92119, 92120, 92121, 92122, 92123, 92124, 92126, 92127, 92128, 92129, 92130, 92131, 92132, 92134, 92136, 92139, 92140, 92145, 92147, 92152, 92154, 92155, 92173, 92182, 92197, 921
P.O. Box Zip Codes 92112, 92133, 92135, 92137, 92138, 92142, 92143, 92149, 92150, 92153, 92159, 92160, 92162, 92163, 92164, 92165, 92166, 92167, 92168, 92169, 92170, 92171, 92172, 92174, 92175, 92176, 92177, 92178, 92186, 92190, 92191, 92192, 92193, 92194, 92195, 92196, 92198
Company Zip Codes 92158, 92161, 92179, 92184, 92187
Phone Area Codes 619
Time Zone Pacific (-8 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 32.715
Longitude -117.156

San Diego Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station SAN DIEGO LINDBERGH AP
Distance 1.4 miles
Jan Temp 50 to 66 F
Apr Temp 56 to 69 F
Jul Temp 66 to 76 F
Oct Temp 61 to 74 F
Annual Precip 10.7 inches
Station SAN DIEGO N ISLAND NAS
Distance 2.7 miles
Jan Temp 49 to 65 F
Apr Temp 56 to 67 F
Jul Temp 65 to 73 F
Oct Temp 61 to 72 F
Annual Precip 9.6 inches
Station SAN DIEGO MIRAMAR NAS
Distance 10.6 miles
Jan Temp 44 to 67 F
Apr Temp 49 to 70 F
Jul Temp 61 to 81 F
Oct Temp 55 to 77 F
Annual Precip 11.9 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, San Diego, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Nestor (92153)

Ocean Beach (92107)

Pacific Beach (92109)

Rancho Bernardo (92128)

San Ysidro (92143, 92173)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Chula Vista 257,296 $74,593
Coronado 24,447 $108,500
Imperial Beach 27,051 $53,813
La Mesa 58,858 $70,460
Lemon Grove 26,225 $60,704
National City 60,043 $43,386

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

San Diego Public Libraries

Library
San Diego County Library
"5555 OVERLAND AVE., BUILDING 15"
San Diego, California
(619) 694-2415
San Diego Public Library
820 E ST.
San Diego, California
(619) 236-5830

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More Information for Librarians

San Diego Hospitals

SCRIPPS MEMORIAL HOSPITAL LA JOLLA
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
9888 GENESEE AVENUE
(858) 626-4123
Emergency Service: Yes

SCRIPPS GREEN HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
10666 NORTH TORREY PINES ROAD
(858) 554-3600
Emergency Service: No

SCRIPPS MERCY HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
4077 5TH AVE
(619) 294-8111
Emergency Service: Yes

UNIV OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO MED CTR
(Government - State)
200 WEST ARBOR DRIVE
(619) 543-6737
Emergency Service: Yes

SAN DIEGO HOSPICE & PALLIATIVE CARE ACUTE CARE CEN
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
4311 THIRD AVE
(619) 688-1600
Emergency Service: No

PROMISE HOSPITAL OF SAN DIEGO
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
5550 UNIVERSITY AVENUE
(619) 299-1257
Emergency Service: Yes

ALVARADO HOSPITAL MEDICAL CENTER
(Proprietary)
6655 ALVARADO RD
(619) 287-3270
Emergency Service: Yes

KAISER FOUNDATION HOSPITAL - SAN DIEGO
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
4647 ZION AVE
(619) 528-5000
Emergency Service: Yes

SHARP MARY BIRCH HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
3003 HEALTH CENTER DRIVE
(858) 541-3017
Emergency Service: No

SHARP MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
7901 FROST ST
(858) 541-3400
Emergency Service: Yes

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San Diego High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

MORSE SENIOR HIGH
6905 SKYLINE DR.
619-262-0763
A Title I School.
Serves 2,986 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25.1

SAN DIEGO SENIOR HIGH
1405 PARK BLVD.
619-525-7455
A Magnet School.
A Title I School.
Serves 2,776 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.2

MT. CARMEL HIGH
9550 CARMEL MOUNTAIN ROAD
858-484-1180
Serves 2,538 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.2

MIRA MESA SENIOR HIGH
10510 REAGAN ROAD
858-566-2262
Serves 2,532 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25.5

MONTGOMERY SENIOR HIGH
3250 PALM AVE.
619-628-3007
A Title I School.
Serves 2,525 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22.4

SOUTHWEST SENIOR HIGH
1685 HOLLISTER ST.
619-628-3023
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 2,513 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25.5

HENRY SENIOR HIGH
6702 WANDERMERE DR.
619-286-7700
Serves 2,411 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.3

SCRIPPS RANCH HIGH
10410 TREENA ST.
858-621-9020
Serves 2,333 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25.1

HOOVER SENIOR HIGH
4474 EL CAJON BLVD.
619-283-6281
A Title I School.
Serves 2,160 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.4

SERRA SENIOR HIGH
5156 SANTO ROAD
858-496-8342
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 2,034 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 27

UNIVERSITY CITY HIGH
6949 GENESEE AVE.
858-457-3040
Serves 1,967 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 26.9

POINT LOMA SENIOR HIGH
2335 CHATSWORTH BLVD.
619-223-3121
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,942 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.6

GOMPERS SECONDARY
1005 47TH ST.
619-263-2171
A Title I School.
Serves 1,833 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21.4

MISSION BAY SENIOR HIGH
2475 GRAND AVE.
858-273-1313
A Magnet School.
A Title I School.
Serves 1,722 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.6

CRAWFORD SENIOR HIGH
4191 COLTS WAY
619-583-2500
A Title I School.
Serves 1,698 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21

LA JOLLA SENIOR HIGH
750 NAUTILUS ST.
858-454-3081
Serves 1,682 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.7

KEARNY SENIOR HIGH
7651 WELLINGTON ST.
858-496-8370
A Magnet School.
A Title I School.
Serves 1,663 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.9

WESTVIEW HIGH
13500 CAMINO DEL SUR
858-780-2000
Serves 1,522 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 23.5

SAN DIEGO SCHOOL OF CREATIVE & PERFORMING ART
2425 DUSK DR.
619-470-0555
A Magnet School.
Serves 1,498 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.7

MADISON SENIOR HIGH
4833 DOLIVA DR.
858-496-8410
A Title I School.
Serves 1,481 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.8

CLAIREMONT SENIOR HIGH
4150 UTE DR.
858-273-0201
A Title I School.
Serves 1,449 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.6

SUMMIT SCHOOLS
6460 BOULDER LAKE AVE.
A Non-traditional School
Serves 1,410 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.4

CHARTER SCHOOL OF SAN DIEGO
2245 SAN DIEGO AVE. SUITE 127
619-686-6666
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 1,366 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 31.2

SAN DIEGO COUNTY JUVENILE COURT
2801 MEADOW LARK DR.
858-292-3875
A Non-traditional School
Serves 1,254 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13

SAN YSIDRO HIGH
5353 AIRWAY RD
619-710-2300
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,157 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 23.5

PREUSS MODEL SCHOOL AT UCSD
9500 GILMAN DR.
858-822-3500
A Charter School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 766 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.2

HIGH TECH HIGH
2861 WOMBLE RD.
619-243-5000
A Charter School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 446 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.2

GARFIELD HIGH (CONT.)
1255 16TH ST.
619-282-7672
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 409 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.9

TWAIN JUNIOR/SENIOR HIGH (CONT.)
6402 LINDA VISTA ROAD
858-496-8260
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 323 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.4

MUIR (JOHN)
3390 ARMSTRONG ST.
858-268-1954
A Magnet School.
A Title I School.
Serves 311 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.5

MT EVEREST ACADEMY
4350 MT. EVEREST BLVD.
858-496-8778
A Non-traditional School
Serves 290 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.6

HOME AND HOSPITAL INSTRUCTION
6401 LINDA VISTA ROAD
619-293-8686
A Non-traditional School
Serves 287 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7.8

YOUTH OPPOR. UNLIMITED SEC. (ALTER ED.)
2716 MARCY AVE.
619-525-7372
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 258 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.1

ALT. LEARN FOR BEHAV. & ATT. (COMM. DAY)
3760 4TH AVE.
619-293-8077
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 234 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.6

TRACE
9230 GOLD COAST DR. B-25
619-225-3705
A Special Education School
Serves 229 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.9

METRO REGION COMMUNITY DAY SCHOOLS
232 WEST ASH ST.
619-233-2801
A Non-traditional School
Serves 213 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22.2

AUDEO CHARTER
8680 NAVAJO ROAD SUITE 109
619-686-6666
A Charter School.
Serves 121 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 40.3

RILEY (SPECIAL DAY)
5650 MT. ACKERLY DR.
858-496-8205
A Special Education School
A Title I School.
Serves 120 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 5.7

CORTEZ HILL ACADEMY
201 A STREET
619-338-9206
A Charter School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 108 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.5

ALTERNATIVE/OPPORTUNITY
6401 LINDA VISTA ROAD
858-292-3875
A Non-traditional School
Serves 93 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.3

SOUTH COSTAL COMMUNITY DAY SCHOOLS
210 WEST ASH ST.
619-662-4945
A Non-traditional School
Serves 56 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.2

SPECIAL EDUCATION
6401 LINDA VISTA ROAD
858-292-3774
A Special Education School
Serves 30 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 30

SOUTH AND EAST COMMUNITY DAY SCHOOLS
6460 BOULDER LAKE DR.
619-668-4660
A Non-traditional School
Serves 19 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.8

Additional Details
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Historic San Diego

photo

Bbay from U.S. Grant Hotel. between 1910 and 1920

Select a photo to view (Source):

Bbay from U.S. Grant Hotel. between 1910 and 1920

Gasoline motor car running from San Diego between 1900 and 1920

Sweetwater Dam between 1900 and 1920

Additional Resources
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