Introduction to Alamosa, Colorado

Located in Alamosa county, the city of Alamosa, Colorado, is 87 miles SW of Pueblo,Colorado (center to center) and 110 miles SW of Colorado Springs, Colorado. It has a population of 7,960 residents.

Alamosa History

The earliest settlements in what is now the area in and around the San Louis Valley were created more than 11,000 years ago by the native American tribes Clovis and Folsom, whose main occupation was hunting. During the 1500s Spain claimed the land, and attracted many settlers through establishment of land grants. In the 1850s, the area had its first permanent settlements. Two years after the State of Colorado was formed, many settlers traveling by narrow gauge train across the country would stop at a sheltered bend in the Rio Grande, where there were huge groves of cottonwood. The population of this area grew rapidly, eventually resulting in the forming the city of Alamosa in the year 1878; the name Alamosa meaning "cottonwood" in Spanish.

Alamosa and nearby Attractions

  • Fort Garland Historical Museum
  • Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge
  • San Luis State Park
  • Cattails Golf Course
  • Rio Grande National Forest

Things To Do In Alamosa

Alamosa is the home of historic Fort Garland. Another popular spot in the city is the Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge, which attracts migratory birds and other animals. San Luis State park also is a haven for a variety of wildlife.

Alamosa Transportation

The closest airport to Alamosa is the San Luis Valley Regional Airport.

Alamosa Higher Education

There are several schools for higher education in Alamosa. Among them are the Adams State college, Pueblo Community college, University of Southern Colorado, and the Western State college.


Total Population 9,592
Male Share of the Population 47.5%
Female Share of the Population 52.5%
Senior Citizens 11.2%
Employed Population 16+ 3,604
Age of the Population 28


% of people married 37.3%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 27.4%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $45,179
% Above Poverty Level 64.9%
% Below Poverty Level 35.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 12 minutes
% Working from Home 1.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 15.9%
% Using Public Transportation %


People Living Alone 37.3%
Median Gross Rent $619
Median House Value $146,000


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 61.3%
US/American 0%
English 5.8%
Irish 9%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Alamosa Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 87 miles SW of Pueblo, Colorado (center to center)
Nearest Large City 110 miles SW of Colorado Springs, Colorado
County Alamosa
Standard Zip Codes 81101
Company Zip Codes 81102
Phone Area Codes 719
Time Zone Mountain (-7 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 37.469
Longitude -105.869

Alamosa Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 2.5 miles
Jan Temp -4 to 33 F
Apr Temp 23 to 59 F
Jul Temp 46 to 82 F
Oct Temp 24 to 62 F
Annual Precip 7.2 inches
Distance 18.9 miles
Jan Temp 0 to 33 F
Apr Temp 27 to 58 F
Jul Temp 49 to 80 F
Oct Temp 28 to 62 F
Annual Precip 7.9 inches
Station BLANCA
Distance 19.5 miles
Jan Temp 2 to 34 F
Apr Temp 26 to 57 F
Jul Temp 48 to 81 F
Oct Temp 26 to 62 F
Annual Precip 9.2 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Alamosa, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Carmel (81101)

East Alamosa (81101)

Estrella (81101)

Great Sand Dunes National Mo (81101)

Henry (81101)

Sand Dunes Mo (81101)

Stanley (81101)

Washington (81101)

Waverly (81101)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Blanca 478 $36,705
Hooper 55 $0
La Jara 713 $42,917
Manassa 1,060 $44,500
Monte Vista 4,366 $48,200
Sanford 918 $63,400

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Alamosa Public Libraries

Alamosa/southern Peaks Public Library
Alamosa, Colorado
(719) 589-6592

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More Information for Librarians

Alamosa Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(719) 589-2511
Emergency Service: No

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Alamosa High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 648 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15

A Non-traditional School
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 76 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.3

Alamosa Colleges

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Alamosa Colleges
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