Introduction to New London, Connecticut

New London is a seaport town situated in southeastern Connecticut near the mouth of the Thames River. The United States Coast Guard Academy is located in the city. The town was a prominent base for American naval activities during the American Revolution. The downtown area features a large number of noteworthy historic structures. The famous playwright Eugene O'Neill resided in the city for years and a family home is now a museum and a Registered National Landmark.


A substantial number of peace rallies have been held in the city which typically occur near the Soldier's Monument. A notable active Green Party is located in New London. A significant number of businesses located downtown offer products to residents who are interested in being globally responsible and prefer to buy "fair trade" products to help the poor in the world. Arts and theater are prominent in New London.


In 1646 John Winthrop established a settlement in the area known as Pequot which was the name of an Indian tribe. It later took the name New London from the famous city in England. The Battle of Groton Heights occurred during the American Revolutionary War in 1781. During the clash, the city was severely damaged by a fire started by Benedict Arnold. His goal was to ruin the colonial fleet and the Americans' supplies. During the 19th Century New London prospered due to being a major whaling port and a prominent center for trading. Numerous homes and structures were built due to the prosperous whaling and trading activities.


Amtrak offers rail transportation for the city and Southeast Area Transit provides bus service. The town is served by the Groton-New London Airport. The T.F. Green and Bradley International airports are in the vicinity.


  • The Hygienic showcases local artwork
  • Gardes Arts Theatre features a wide variety of performances
  • The prominent Lyman Allyn Art Museum is situated on the campus of Connecticut College and is an impressive looking building
  • Connecticut College Arboretum
  • Ye Antientist Burial Ground
  • The Olde Town Mill
  • Fort Griswold
  • United States Coast Guard Band
  • The "I Am Festival" is one of the biggest music festivals that occurs on the East Coast
  • Hempstead House is from the Colonial days
  • Monte Cristo Cottage
  • The United States Coast Guard Academy provides tours for the public
  • The USCGC Eagle is the Coast Guard training tall ship and is in port for a portion of the year and tours are offered
  • Ocean Beach Park features nightly entertainment, a boardwalk and a nature walk
  • The New London's Harbor Lighthouse
  • Shaw Perkins Mansion had been restored and features antique furniture, artwork and numerous artifacts

Higher Education

The city is home to Connecticut College which is known for having an artistic and outspoken college community.


Total Population 27,423
Male Share of the Population 46.4%
Female Share of the Population 53.6%
Senior Citizens 10%
Employed Population 16+ 13,129
Age of the Population 31


% of people married 28.3%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 22.5%
Median Earnings25+ $31,340
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $19,434
Median Earnings With High School Degree $26,696


Median Family Income $45,244
% Above Poverty Level 71.4%
% Below Poverty Level 28.6%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 18 minutes
% Working from Home 8.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 12.2%
% Using Public Transportation 3.5%


People Living Alone 40.6%
Median Gross Rent $879
Median House Value $185,400


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 45.6%
US/American 0.1%
English 7.4%
Irish 12.8%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

New London Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 36 miles SE of Manchester, Connecticut (center to center)
Nearest Large City 87 miles SW of Boston, Massachusetts
County New London
Metro Area New London - Norwich
Standard Zip Codes 06320
Phone Area Codes 860
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 41.355
Longitude -72.1

New London Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station GROTON
Distance 3.5 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 38 F
Apr Temp 38 to 56 F
Jul Temp 63 to 81 F
Oct Temp 43 to 63 F
Annual Precip 48.7 inches
Distance 22.5 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 38 F
Apr Temp 40 to 55 F
Jul Temp 66 to 80 F
Oct Temp 48 to 63 F
Annual Precip 45.9 inches
Distance 30.7 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 38 F
Apr Temp 36 to 57 F
Jul Temp 60 to 81 F
Oct Temp 40 to 64 F
Annual Precip 51.8 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Groton 9,305 $61,206
Groton Long Point 510 $116,500
Mystic 3,981 $116,406
Niantic 3,005 $90,139
Norwich 40,254 $58,207
Stonington 18,492 $96,007

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

New London Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(860) 442-0711
Emergency Service: Yes

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New London High Schools

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Serves 696 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.4

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