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Washington Employment

Employment and Industries in the Washington, District Of Columbia Area

Washington, D.C. is the capital of the United States and one of the thirty largest cities in the United States. The Washington'Arlington'Alexandria metropolitan area is the eighth largest metropolitan area in the United States. As one might expect, the Washington metropolitan area is a center for business, commerce, and government.

The Federal Government is responsible for almost thirty percent of Washington employment, and also a major employer in the surrounding metropolitan area. Behind the Federal Government, the region's major universities and hospitals are also major employers.

There are over ten Fortune 500 companies located in the metropolitan Washington area. Many major defense contractors have operations in and around Washington, D.C., including General Dynamics, Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC), Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), and Orbital Sciences Corporation.

In 2006, Inc. magazine ranked the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria area eighth on its list of "Best Cities for Doing Business" in the United States in the large cities category. The criteria used "emphasizes the robustness of a region's growth". Large and significant cities such as Washington, D.C. who have a "tangible effect on global affairs through socioeconomic, cultural, and/or political means" (Wikipedia) get ranked as "Global Cities" (also known as world cities or world-class cities) by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group & Network (GaWC). GaWC has three tiers of ranking, alpha (first-tier), beta (second-tier) and gamma (third tier). Washington, D.C. is one of eleven cities in the United States ranked as a "World City". Washington, D.C. was ranked as a "Gamma World City" by GaWC, on a par with Boston, Dallas, and Houston.

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Washington, D.C. ranks in the top thirty on the list of US cities who receive the most annual funding from the NIH.

The Washington D.C. area has a highly educated workforce. More than 15% of Washington D.C. residents hold a graduate degree. The number of scientists, technicians, and Ph.D.s working in the Metropolitan D.C. area is among the highest in the United States.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, major industries in and around Washington include (ranked by size of workforce):

  • Government
  • Professional & Business Services
  • Educational & Health Services
  • Leisure & Hospitality
  • Financial Activities
  • Trade, Transportation, and Utilities
  • Information

The Washington metropolitan area is served by three major airports, the Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport, the Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, and Washington Dulles International Airport. Dulles ranks 13th in the United States for for nonstop international air travel according to the U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics.

Some major companies of note in and around Washington, D.C. include:

  • AES Corporation
  • Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc.
  • Capital One
  • Coventry Health Care
  • Danaher
  • Fannie Mae
  • Gannett (publisher of USA Today)
  • Harman International. Industries
  • Lockheed Martin
  • Marriott International
  • NVR Incorporated
  • Pepco Holdings
  • Sprint Nextel Corporation
  • SLM Corporation
  • Washington Post
  • WGL Holdings

Some of the major business organizations in and around Washington, D.C. include:

The Washington Business Journal, and the Business Section of the Washington Post are excellent sources of information on business in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area.

Jobs in Washington

RankTitleTotal EmployeesLocal Mean Salary (Per Year)Local Mean Salary (Per hour)National Growth % 2014-2024
1All Occupations3103530$69,210$33.27100
2Office and Administrative Support Occupations405300$44,530$21.4114.35
3Business and Financial Operations Occupations304540$93,580$44.995.25
4Sales and Related Occupations267670$44,910$21.599.9
5Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations257200$27,470$13.218.55
6Management Occupations236190$146,480$70.436.15
7Computer and Mathematical Occupations228060$106,550$51.222.9
8Education, Training, and Library Occupations193940$65,390$31.446.05
9Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations149230$92,600$44.525.8
10Transportation and Material Moving Occupations128250$42,580$20.476.55
11Construction and Extraction Occupations112430$50,730$24.394.45
12Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations107430$31,100$14.953.65
13Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations97680$54,920$26.43.8
14Personal Care and Service Occupations93740$31,450$15.124.3
15Protective Service Occupations86520$57,710$27.742.2
16Cashiers76240$23,750$11.422.2
17Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations74170$78,930$37.951.8
18Retail Salespersons72950$28,310$13.612.85
19General and Operations Managers70000$151,740$72.951.5
20Healthcare Support Occupations69580$34,310$16.493
21Legal Occupations67830$144,910$69.670.8
22Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations65040$102,770$49.410.8
23Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food62820$23,250$11.182.3
24Architecture and Engineering Occupations62720$102,430$49.251.7
25Business Operations Specialists, All Other60090$98,700$47.450.7
26Management Analysts59990$106,920$51.40.5
27Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners59330$28,960$13.931.55
28Production Occupations53940$41,820$20.15.7
29Office Clerks, General53760$39,930$19.21.9
30Waiters and Waitresses50480$27,080$13.021.7
31Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive49420$44,240$21.271.5
32Lawyers44870$176,170$84.70.5
33Customer Service Representatives43000$39,800$19.131.75
34Registered Nurses42210$80,760$38.831.95
35Community and Social Service Occupations40410$59,980$28.841.65
36Accountants and Auditors38990$92,660$44.550.9
37Managers, All Other37550$140,150$67.380.6
38Stock Clerks and Order Fillers36670$28,260$13.591.3
39Security Guards36150$41,700$20.050.7
40Computer Occupations, All Other32840$114,740$55.160.2
41Software Developers, Applications32450$116,250$55.890.55
42First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers31830$68,220$32.80.95
43Sales Representatives, Services, All Other30520$83,340$40.070.6
44Computer Systems Analysts28940$103,240$49.640.4
45Software Developers, Systems Software26640$125,010$60.10.3
46Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand26470$30,910$14.861.7
47Cooks, Restaurant24760$28,220$13.570.8
48Receptionists and Information Clerks24760$32,970$15.850.7
49Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks24490$49,880$23.981.05
50Maintenance and Repair Workers, General23500$46,700$22.450.9
51First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers22830$48,780$23.451
52Public Relations Specialists22630$98,760$47.480.2
53Human Resources Specialists22600$85,940$41.320.35
54Nursing Assistants22510$30,920$14.861
55Network and Computer Systems Administrators20720$102,440$49.250.25
56Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists20640$79,430$38.190.4
57First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers19770$41,660$20.030.6
58Financial Managers19680$165,300$79.470.4
59Personal Care Aides18880$25,940$12.471.5
60Construction Laborers18740$35,550$17.090.8
61Computer User Support Specialists18560$63,280$30.420.4
62Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners18020$27,780$13.360.9
63Computer and Information Systems Managers17910$170,270$81.860.2
64Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers17800$31,640$15.210.8
65Food Preparation Workers17450$25,160$12.090.6
66Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants16210$70,820$34.050.35
67Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers15850$71,740$34.490.4
68Substitute Teachers15790$31,600$15.190
69Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers15170$44,610$21.451.2
70Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers15080$37,650$18.10.6
71Home Health Aides14700$26,830$12.90.7
72Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products14680$81,190$39.040.9
73First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers14610$74,760$35.940.4
74Information Security Analysts13520$113,570$54.60.1
75Carpenters13260$49,130$23.620.7
76Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers12610$26,330$12.660.3
77Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics12580$51,120$24.580.5
78Childcare Workers12340$28,860$13.870.8
79Dishwashers11760$24,710$11.880.3
80Medical Assistants11470$37,510$18.030.45
81Compliance Officers10960$86,520$41.60.2
82Bartenders10910$31,280$15.040.4
83Electricians10910$60,370$29.020.4
84Paralegals and Legal Assistants10700$69,110$33.230.2
85Financial Analysts10540$98,900$47.550.2
86Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses10460$50,770$24.410.5
87Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education10450$42,250$20.310.3
88Computer Network Architects10400$119,880$57.630.1
89Cooks, Fast Food9850$23,020$11.070.3
90Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop9840$25,740$12.370.3
91First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers9670$74,550$35.840.3
92Physicians and Surgeons, All Other9630$192,030$92.320.25
93Training and Development Specialists9510$76,480$36.770.2
94Counter and Rental Clerks9500$31,610$15.20.3
95Legal Support Workers, All Other9390$104,450$50.220
96Economists9380$125,330$60.250
97Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors9380$47,740$22.950.2
98Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters9100$57,450$27.620.3
99Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop9060$23,760$11.420.3
100Medical and Health Services Managers8920$126,220$60.690.25
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Additional Details

Washington Colleges
Washington colleges and trade schools.
Washington Graduate Schools
Washington Graduate and Business Schools

Jobs More Common Near Washington Than Most Other Cities

* Average job popularity for metro areas = 1.0

TitleMean Local SalaryLocal Jobs
All Occupations$69,2103,103,530
Office and Administrative Support Occupations$44,530405,300
Business and Financial Operations Occupations$93,580304,540
Sales and Related Occupations$44,910267,670
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations$27,470257,200
Management Occupations$146,480236,190
Computer and Mathematical Occupations$106,550228,060
Education, Training, and Library Occupations$65,390193,940
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations$92,600149,230
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations$42,580128,250
Construction and Extraction Occupations$50,730112,430
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations$31,100107,430
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations$54,92097,680
Personal Care and Service Occupations$31,45093,740
Protective Service Occupations$57,71086,520
Cashiers$23,75076,240
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations$78,93074,170
Retail Salespersons$28,31072,950
General and Operations Managers$151,74070,000
Healthcare Support Occupations$34,31069,580
Legal Occupations$144,91067,830
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations$102,77065,040
Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food$23,25062,820
Architecture and Engineering Occupations$102,43062,720
Business Operations Specialists, All Other$98,70060,090
Management Analysts$106,92059,990
Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners$28,96059,330
Production Occupations$41,82053,940
Office Clerks, General$39,93053,760
Waiters and Waitresses$27,08050,480
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive$44,24049,420
Lawyers$176,17044,870
Customer Service Representatives$39,80043,000
Registered Nurses$80,76042,210
Community and Social Service Occupations$59,98040,410
Accountants and Auditors$92,66038,990
Managers, All Other$140,15037,550
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers$28,26036,670
Security Guards$41,70036,150
Computer Occupations, All Other$114,74032,840
Software Developers, Applications$116,25032,450
First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers$68,22031,830
Sales Representatives, Services, All Other$83,34030,520
Computer Systems Analysts$103,24028,940
Software Developers, Systems Software$125,01026,640
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand$30,91026,470
Cooks, Restaurant$28,22024,760
Receptionists and Information Clerks$32,97024,760
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks$49,88024,490
Maintenance and Repair Workers, General$46,70023,500

Work Paying Relatively Well in the Washington, District of Columbia Metro Area (2008 data)

* Average Salary Index for metro areas = 1.0

TitleMean Local SalaryLocal Jobs
All Occupations$69,2103,103,530
Office and Administrative Support Occupations$44,530405,300
Business and Financial Operations Occupations$93,580304,540
Sales and Related Occupations$44,910267,670
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations$27,470257,200
Management Occupations$146,480236,190
Computer and Mathematical Occupations$106,550228,060
Education, Training, and Library Occupations$65,390193,940
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations$92,600149,230
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations$42,580128,250
Construction and Extraction Occupations$50,730112,430
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations$31,100107,430
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations$54,92097,680
Personal Care and Service Occupations$31,45093,740
Protective Service Occupations$57,71086,520
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations$78,93074,170
Retail Salespersons$28,31072,950
General and Operations Managers$151,74070,000
Healthcare Support Occupations$34,31069,580
Legal Occupations$144,91067,830
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations$102,77065,040
Architecture and Engineering Occupations$102,43062,720
Business Operations Specialists, All Other$98,70060,090
Management Analysts$106,92059,990
Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners$28,96059,330
Production Occupations$41,82053,940
Office Clerks, General$39,93053,760
Waiters and Waitresses$27,08050,480
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive$44,24049,420
Lawyers$176,17044,870
Customer Service Representatives$39,80043,000
Registered Nurses$80,76042,210
Community and Social Service Occupations$59,98040,410
Accountants and Auditors$92,66038,990
Managers, All Other$140,15037,550
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers$28,26036,670
Security Guards$41,70036,150
Computer Occupations, All Other$114,74032,840
Software Developers, Applications$116,25032,450
First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers$68,22031,830
Sales Representatives, Services, All Other$83,34030,520
Computer Systems Analysts$103,24028,940
Software Developers, Systems Software$125,01026,640
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand$30,91026,470
Cooks, Restaurant$28,22024,760
Receptionists and Information Clerks$32,97024,760
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks$49,88024,490
Maintenance and Repair Workers, General$46,70023,500
First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers$48,78022,830
Public Relations Specialists$98,76022,630

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