Overview

Introduction to Alachua, Florida

Alachua, Florida, in Alachua county, is 9 miles NW of Gainesville, Florida (center to center) and 61 miles SW of Jacksonville, Florida. The city is located in the Gainesville area.

Alachua History

The area on which the Alachua county settlement was established was originally home to the Indian civilization Timucuan. DeSoto and other Spanish explorers visited during the 16th century and following their explorations, numerous missions were initiated by Franciscan priests. The community of Alachua was established along a railroad line in 1884. The name "Alachua" was derived from an Indian term meaning "sink." A post office was built in 1887, and Alachua was incorporated as a city in April of 1905.

Alachua and Nearby Attractions

  • Dudley Farm Historic State Park.
  • Florida Museum of Natural History.
  • Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings State Historic Site.
  • Jacksonville Zoo.
  • San Felasco Hammock Preserve State Park.

Things To Do In Alachua

The David Browning Railroad Museum, and Florida Museum of Natural History showcase exhibits of historical importance. The Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art features collections of West African art, Asian art, contemporary art and photography. Dudley Farm Historical State Park, which is located near Alachua, is a restored living history farm encompassing 325 acres. Author Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings' retreat, now known as the Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings State Historic Site, is also close by. The 6,900-acre San Felasco Hammock Preserve State Park, and the 21,000-acre Paynes Prairie State Preserve include nature trails and horse trails, and also offer facilities for biking, boating, fishing, picnicking and camping. Another popular place to visit is the O'Leno State Park.

Alachua Transportation

Gainesville Regional Airport is the closest major airport.

Alachua Higher Education

Colleges close to Alachua include the University of Florida, Santa Fe Community College and Central Florida Community College.

Demographics

People

Total Population9,794
Male Share of the Population46.3%
Female Share of the Population53.7%
Senior Citizens13.3%
Employed Population 16+4,424
Age of the Population38

Families

% of people married56.9%
Average household size3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher54.7%
Median Earnings25+$41,469
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$18,333
Median Earnings With High School Degree$29,156

Wealth

Median Family Income$67,434
% Above Poverty Level82%
% Below Poverty Level18%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time26 minutes
% Working from Home3.8%
% Walking and Biking to Work0.9%
% Using Public Transportation%

Housing

People Living Alone29%
Median Gross Rent$1,023
Median House Value$166,800

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)23.5%
German10.2%
Irish7.7%
English7.3%
Italian5%
West Indian4.4%
Haitian3.2%
Polish2.7%
Russian2%
Scottish1.9%
Swedish1.4%
French Except Basque1.4%
Hungarian1.1%
Canadian1.1%
Ukrainian1%
African1%
Ethiopian0.9%
Dutch0.9%
Welsh0.4%
Bahamian0.4%
Norwegian0.4%
Belgian0.3%
Danishn0.2%
Slovene0.2%
Czech0.1%
Croatian0.1%
Austrian0.1%
Brazilian0.1%
Lithuanian0.1%
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Alachua Almanac

CategoryValue
CountyAlachua County
Standard Zip Codes32615
P.O. Box Zip Codes32616
Phone Area Codes386
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude29.79
Approximate Longitude-82.5

Alachua Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationGAINESVILLE 11 WNW
Distance6.5 miles
Jan Temp42 to 67 F
Apr Temp54 to 81 F
Jul Temp70 to 92 F
Oct Temp57 to 83 F
Annual Precip49.5 inches
StationGAINESVILLE 3 WSW
Distance8.9 miles
Jan Temp44 to 67 F
Apr Temp56 to 80 F
Jul Temp72 to 91 F
Oct Temp61 to 82 F
Annual Precip49.4 inches
StationHIGH SPRINGS
Distance11.9 miles
Jan Temp41 to 68 F
Apr Temp54 to 82 F
Jul Temp71 to 91 F
Oct Temp58 to 82 F
Annual Precip54.1 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Brooker337$49,792
Gainesville130,790$62,964
High Springs5,881$71,738
La Crosse435$66,750
Newberry5,789$77,964
Worthington Springs435$37,250

Alachua Public Schools

A. L. Mebane Middle School
16401 Nw 140th St
ZIP: 32615
(386) 462-1648
Middle
Total Enrollment 388
Alachua Elementary School
13800 Nw 152nd Pl
ZIP: 32615
(386) 462-1841
Primary
Total Enrollment 354
Alachua Learning Center , Inc. Middle
11100 W State Road 235
ZIP: 32615
(386) 418-2080
Middle
Total Enrollment 61
Alachua Learning Center, Inc. Elementary
11100 W Sr 235
ZIP: 32615
(386) 418-2080
Primary
Total Enrollment 111
Santa Fe High School
16213 Nw Us Highway 441
ZIP: 32615
(386) 462-1125
High
Total Enrollment 1173
W. W. Irby Elementary School
13505 Nw 140th St
ZIP: 32615
(386) 462-5002
Primary
Total Enrollment 493

Alachua Private Schools

Bhaktivedanta Academy
17414 Nw 112th Blvd
ZIP: 32615
Elementary
Total Enrollment 34
Forest Grove Christian Academy
22575 Nw 94th Ave
ZIP: 32615
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 72
Spencer House Montessori School
13921 Nw 146th Ave
ZIP: 32615
Elementary
Total Enrollment 3
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