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Overview

Introduction to Atlanta, Georgia

Founded in 1837 as Marthasville, Atlanta is the largest city in Georgia, as well as the state's capital.

Atlanta is located in north/central Georgia. It is home to over 10 Fortune 500 companies, including household names such as The Coca-Cola Company, Delta Airlines, Home Depot, and UPS. In fact, as of 2005, the Atlanta metropolitan area was ranked third behind New York and Houston on the list of cities with the most Fortune 500 headquarters.

Atlanta History

Atlanta was founded in 1837 as Marthasville at the end of the Western & Atlantic railroad line. It was officially incorporated as Atlanta in 1847. At that time, Atlanta consisted of little more than 30 stores, a few hotels and schools, one church, and approximately 2,500 residents.

Some key dates in Atlanta's history include:

  • In 1838, the forced march of 15,000 Cherokee Indians west to Arkansas, known as the "Trail of Tears," began.
  • In 1861, Georgia became the fourth state to leave the union.
  • On September 2, 1864, after numerous battles around the city, Atlanta surrendered to Union Troops. Two months later General Sherman ordered the city burned. Only 400 buildings survived.
  • In 1868, Atlanta was chosen as the capital of the state of Georgia.
  • In 1886, Coca-Cola was served for the first time at Jacobs Pharmacy.
  • On January 15, 1929, Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in Atlanta.
  • In 1968, the King center was established in Atlanta by Martin Luther King Jr.'s wife, Coretta Scott King.
  • In 1974, Hank Aaron, of the Atlanta Braves, surpassed Babe Ruth's home run record by hitting his 715th home run against the Los Angeles Dodgers in front of the largest crowd in Braves history. Aaron went on to hit 755 career home runs.
  • In 1996, Atlanta hosted the 1996 Summer Olympics.

Atlanta Arts and Culture

Atlanta is a vibrant and rich center for arts and culture. Atlanta offers museums, the performing arts, a presidential library, and more. Atlanta has resident companies in the four disciplines of the performing arts: ballet, symphony, opera, and theater. Some of Atlanta's more notable museums include:

  • The Atlanta Cyclorama and Civil War Museum
  • The Atlanta History Center
  • The Atlanta International Museum of Art and Design
  • The Fernbank Museum of Natural History
  • The Jimmy Carter Library and Museum
  • The Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change
  • The Museum of Contemporary Art of Georgia
  • The World of Coca-Cola Pavilion

For patrons of the performing arts, Atlanta is home to many world-class performing arts attractions. Some of the more notable include:

  • The Atlanta Ballet
  • The Atlanta Opera
  • The Atlanta Shakespeare Company
  • The Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
  • The Center for Puppetry Arts
  • Numerous theaters and playhouses

Atlanta also pays host to many arts festivals, including the Georgia Shakespeare Festival, and Music Midtown.

Atlanta Sports and Leisure

Atlanta has plenty to offer even the most avid sports fan. Atlanta is home to the following major sports teams:

  • Baseball - The Major League Baseball (MLB) Atlanta Braves
  • Basketball - The National Basketball Association (NBA) Atlanta Hawks
  • Football - The National Football League (NFL) Atlanta Falcons and the Arena Football League (AFL) Georgia Force, who play 50 minutes northeast of Atlanta in Flowery Branch, Georgia
  • Hockey - The National Hockey League (NHL) Atlanta Thrashers
  • Soccer - The United Soccer League (USL) First Division Atlanta Silverbacks, USL Premier Development League Atlanta U23's, and USL-W Division Atlanta Silverbacks Women

Atlanta is also home to the NCAA College Football Peach Bowl.

As one might expect of a city in a sub-tropical climate, outdoor activities abound in Atlanta. Opportunities for outdoor recreation include: boating, camping, fishing, golfing, kayaking and rafting, mountain biking, rock climbing, swimming, tennis, and more. There are even three Six Flags Amusement parks in Atlanta (Six Flags Over Georgia, Six Flags Whitewater, and American Adventures).

Atlanta "Must See" Attractions

Atlanta has attractions too numerous to do justice in a simple list. Some of Atlanta's more notable and unique attractions include:

  • The Atlanta Cyclorama and Civil War Museum
  • Centennial Olympic Park
  • CNN Center
  • The Jimmy Carter Library and Museum
  • The Martin Luther King Jr. Center
  • Stone Mountain Park, home to the Memorial Carving which depicts three Confederate heroes of the Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis, General Robert E. Lee, and Lt. General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
  • Underground Atlanta offering shopping, dining, history and entertainment
  • The World of Coca-Cola
  • Zoo Atlanta

Atlanta at Night

Atlanta's nightlife is legendary. The city has more bars and nightclubs than it does places of worship. Atlanta offers just about everything imaginable from dance clubs to sports bars. Many establishments offer live entertainment, including some excellent rhythm and blues. Atlanta's bars and clubs are typically open seven days a week, until 2 or 4 AM. The best place to look for coming events is the Atlanta Journal-Constitution's Friday "Weekend Preview" or Saturday "Leisure" sections. Atlanta Magazine and Atlanta Magazine Online are also good sources of information about dining, events, and attractions.

People

Total Population 448,901
Male Share of the Population 49.3%
Female Share of the Population 50.7%
Senior Citizens 10.5%
Employed Population 16+ 211,003
Age of the Population 33

Families

% of people married 27.2%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 47.9%
Median Earnings25+ $41,017
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $16,242
Median Earnings With High School Degree $22,808

Wealth

Median Family Income $60,108
% Above Poverty Level 75.4%
% Below Poverty Level 24.6%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 26 minutes
% Working from Home 7.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 5.4%
% Using Public Transportation 9.8%

Housing

People Living Alone 47.2%
Median Gross Rent $975
Median House Value $209,200

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 58.8%
US/American 0.1%
English 7%
Irish 5.1%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Atlanta Almanac

Category Value
County Fulton
Metro Area Atlanta
Standard Zip Codes 30303, 30304, 30305, 30306, 30307, 30308, 30309, 30310, 30311, 30312, 30313, 30314, 30315, 30316, 30317, 30318, 30319, 30324, 30326, 30327, 30328, 30329, 30330, 30331, 30334, 30336, 30337, 30338, 30339, 30340, 30341, 30342, 30344, 30345, 30346, 30349, 30350, 30354, 30360, 30361, 30363, 30369
P.O. Box Zip Codes 30301, 30302, 30320, 30321, 30325, 30333, 30343, 30347, 30348, 30353, 30355, 30356, 30357, 30358, 30359, 30362, 30364, 30366, 30370, 30371, 30374, 30376, 30377, 30378, 30379, 30392, 30394, 31106, 31107, 31119, 31126, 31131, 31139, 31141, 31145, 31146, 31150, 31156
Company Zip Codes 30322, 30332, 30368, 30375, 30380, 30384, 30385, 30386, 30387, 30388, 30389, 30390, 30396, 30398, 30399, 31132, 31191, 31192, 31193, 31195, 31196, 31197, 31198, 31199, 39901
Phone Area Codes 770
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 33.748
Longitude -84.388

Atlanta Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station ATLANTA HARTSFIELD AP
Distance 8.4 miles
Jan Temp 34 to 52 F
Apr Temp 50 to 73 F
Jul Temp 71 to 89 F
Oct Temp 53 to 73 F
Annual Precip 50.2 inches
Station ALPHARETTA 4 SSW
Distance 18.1 miles
Jan Temp 29 to 50 F
Apr Temp 45 to 71 F
Jul Temp 67 to 88 F
Oct Temp 47 to 72 F
Annual Precip 51.8 inches
Station COVINGTON
Distance 29 miles
Jan Temp 31 to 52 F
Apr Temp 48 to 74 F
Jul Temp 68 to 91 F
Oct Temp 49 to 74 F
Annual Precip 49.1 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Atlanta, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Briarcliff (30329)

Cumberland (30339)

Executive Park (30347)

Fort McPherson (30310)

Industrial (30336)

Lenox Square Finance (31126)

North Highland Finance (30306)

North Springs (30338)

Northlake (31145)

Overlook Sru (30339)

Perimeter Center Finance (31146)

Tuxedo (30342)

Vinnings (30339)

Winters Chapel (30360)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Avondale Estates 3,066 $133,684
College Park 14,026 $30,540
Decatur 20,605 $126,894
East Point 35,357 $38,546
Forest Park 18,953 $37,035
Hapeville 6,649 $47,516

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Atlanta Public Libraries

Library
Atlanta Fulton Public Library System
ONE MARGARET MITCHELL SQUARE
Atlanta, Georgia
(404) 730-1972
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Atlanta Hospitals

GRADY MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
(Government - Hospital District or Authority)
80 JESSE HILL, JR DRIVE SE
(404) 589-4252
Emergency Service: Yes

EMORY CRAWFORD LONG HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
550 PEACHTREE ST NE
(404) 686-4411
Emergency Service: Yes

PIEDMONT HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
1968 PEACHTREE RD NW
(404) 350-2222
Emergency Service: Yes

ATLANTA MEDICAL CENTER
(Proprietary)
303 PARKWAY DR NE
(404) 265-4000
Emergency Service: Yes

EMORY UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
1364 CLIFTON RD NE
(404) 712-2000
Emergency Service: Yes

WESLEY WOODS GERIATRIC HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
1821 CLIFTON RD NE
(404) 728-6200
Emergency Service: No

LEGACY MEDICAL CENTER OF ATLANTA, INC
(Proprietary)
501 FAIRBURN ROAD, SW
(404) 699-1111
Emergency Service: Yes

EMORY DUNWOODY MEDICAL CENTER
(Proprietary)
4575 N SHALLOWFORD RD
(770) 454-2000
Emergency Service: Yes

NORTHSIDE HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
1000 JOHNSON FERRY RD NE
(404) 851-8000
Emergency Service: Yes

SAINT JOSEPHS HOSPITAL OF ATLANTA, INC
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
5665 PEACHTREE DUNWOODY RD
(404) 851-7001
Emergency Service: Yes

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Atlanta High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

DOUGLASS HIGH SCHOOL
225 HAMILTON E. HOLMES DRIVE
404-792-5925
A Magnet School.
A Title I School.
Serves 1,887 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.6

MAYS HIGH SCHOOL
3450 MAYS DRIVE SW
404-699-4537
A Magnet School.
A Title I School.
Serves 1,748 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17

NORTH SPRINGS HIGH SCHOOL
7447 ROSWELL ROAD
770-551-2490
A Magnet School.
Serves 1,669 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.9

WASHINGTON HIGH SCHOOL
45 WHITE HOUSE DRIVE SW
404-752-0728
A Magnet School.
A Title I School.
Serves 1,639 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.2

NORTH ATLANTA HIGH SCHOOL
2875 NORTHSIDE DRIVE NW
404-351-0895
A Magnet School.
A Title I School.
Serves 1,426 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.8

LAKESIDE HIGH SCHOOL
3801 BRIARCLIFF ROAD NE
678-874-6702
Serves 1,407 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.5

SOUTH ATLANTA HIGH SCHOOL
800 HUTCHENS ROAD SE
404-362-5057
A Title I School.
Serves 1,287 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.5

WESTLAKE HIGH SCHOOL
2370 UNION ROAD SW
404-346-6400
Serves 1,248 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.1

MCNAIR HIGH SCHOOL
1804 BOULDERCREST ROAD SE
678-874-4902
Serves 1,240 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.6

RIVERWOOD HIGH SCHOOL
5900 HEARDS DRIVE NW
404-847-1980
Serves 1,239 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.7

DRUID HILLS HIGH SCHOOL
1798 HAYGOOD DRIVE NE
678-874-6302
A Charter School.
Serves 1,083 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.2

OPEN CAMPUS HIGH SCHOOL
2415 NORTH DRUID HILLS ROAD N
678-676-2602
Serves 1,029 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.9

SOUTHSIDE HIGH SCHOOL
801 GLENWOOD AVENUE SE
404-624-2064
A Magnet School.
A Title I School.
Serves 1,021 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14

THERRELL HIGH SCHOOL
3099 PANTHER TRAIL SW
404-346-2523
A Title I School.
Serves 1,014 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.8

GRADY HIGH SCHOOL
929 CHARLES ALLEN DRIVE NE
404-853-4000
A Magnet School.
A Title I School.
Serves 976 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.7

CROSS KEYS HIGH SCHOOL
1626 NORTH DRUID HILLS ROAD N
678-874-6102
Serves 970 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.1

APS-CEP PARTNERSHIP SCHOOL
2210 PERRY BOULEVARD NW
404-792-5968
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 730 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.7

CRIM HIGH SCHOOL
256 CLIFTON STREET SE
404-371-4881
A Title I School.
Serves 572 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.6

CARVER HIGH SCHOOL
1275 CAPITOL AVENUE SW
404-330-4108
A Title I School.
Serves 463 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11

SCHOOL FOR INTEGRATED ACADEMICS AND TECHNOLOGIES
239 WEST LAKE AVENUE
404-799-9101
A Charter School.
Serves 280 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 70

DEKALB SCHOOL OF THE ARTS
2415-B NORTH DRUID HILLS ROAD
404-248-0017
A Magnet School.
Serves 274 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.4

WASHINGTON EVENING HIGH SCHOOL
45 WHITE HOUSE DRIVE SW
404-752-0733
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 239 students.

CRIM EVENING CLASSES
256 CLIFTON STREET SE
404-371-4881
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 112 students.

MARGARET HARRIS HIGH SCHOOL
1634 KNOB HILL DRIVE NE
404-634-0979
Serves 69 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 4.6

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