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Overview

Introduction to Gainesville, Georgia

Gainesville is situated in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains in Hall County. A portion of the city is located along the shoreline of the popular Lake Lanier. Gainesville is known for being a major center for poultry processing and is the primary business center for Northeast Georgia. The municipality if known as the "Queen City of the Mountains." It has a subtropical climate and typically has mild weather during the winter and hot summers.

History

It was known as Mule Camp Springs during the 1800's. The city developed into an important transportation and commerce center. Soon after Hall County was established, Mule Camp Springs was selected as the location for the county's government. The name Gainesville was chosen as a tribute to General Edmund P. Gaines, who was a hero during the War of 1812.

The 1936 Tupelo-Gainesville Outbreak included numerous tornadoes and caused a lot of devastation. Flash flooding was also associated with the tornadoes and caused extensive damage. Two of the devastating tornadoes reached Gainesville. The Cooper Pants factory collapsed; a fire broke out and seventy people were killed. It was estimated that 203 people died and 40 were missing. After World War II ended, Jesse Jewel began the vast poultry processing industry which became a significant factor for the local economy.

Activities

Lake Lanier has an extensive shoreline and is a prominent location for camping, horseback riding, golfing and other activities and includes numerous marinas. The Appalachian Trail runs through the nearby Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forest which provides rugged hiking areas, white water rafting, canoeing, camping, fishing and scenic views. The Mule Camp Market is a notable festival. The Paradise Fun Park is a popular destination for families.

Higher Education

The city is home to Gainesville State College and Brenau University.

Attractions

  • Elachee Nature Science Center is a woodland refuge and contains a museum. It also includes trails for hiking and bicycle riding
  • The Chateau Elan Winery and Resort offers a spa, championship golf courses and other attractions
  • Quinlan Visual Arts Center
  • Historic downtown Gainesville
  • Georgia Mountain Museum
  • Chief Whitepath's Cabin is now a museum featuring Cherokee as well as early American relics
  • Beulah Rucker Museum showcases furnishings and numerous artifacts from the early 20th Century
  • Wages Collection is located in a Victorian cottage and features historic clothing
  • Gainesville Symphony Orchestra

Demographics

People

Total Population37,906
Male Share of the Population49.3%
Female Share of the Population50.7%
Senior Citizens11.2%
Employed Population 16+16,826
Age of the Population31

Families

% of people married39.5%
Average household size3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher21.8%
Median Earnings25+$27,176
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$21,057
Median Earnings With High School Degree$29,420

Wealth

Median Family Income$44,243
% Above Poverty Level70.6%
% Below Poverty Level29.4%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time23 minutes
% Working from Home2.8%
% Walking and Biking to Work1.8%
% Using Public Transportation0.2%

Housing

People Living Alone30.8%
Median Gross Rent$824
Median House Value$150,200

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)59.6%
Irish6.9%
German6.4%
English6%
African2.2%
French Except Basque1.8%
Italian1.7%
Scottish1.1%
Dutch0.7%
Swedish0.6%
Welsh0.4%
Polish0.4%
West Indian0.3%
Jamaican0.3%
Ethiopian0.2%
Russian0.2%
Hungarian0.2%
Austrian0.2%
Norwegian0.2%
New Zealand0.1%
Haitian0.1%
Finnish0.1%
Canadian0.1%
Czech0.1%
Arab0.1%
Portuguese0.1%
Iranian0.1%
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Gainesville Almanac

CategoryValue
County Hall County
Standard Zip Codes30501, 30504, 30506, 30507
P.O. Box Zip Codes30503
Phone Area Codes470,678,770
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude34.29
Approximate Longitude-83.83

Gainesville Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationGAINESVILLE
Distance2.4 miles
Jan Temp31 to 52 F
Apr Temp47 to 73 F
Jul Temp68 to 89 F
Oct Temp50 to 73 F
Annual Precip54.7 inches
StationDAHLONEGA 1 W
Distance19.1 miles
Jan Temp26 to 49 F
Apr Temp40 to 70 F
Jul Temp62 to 86 F
Oct Temp43 to 71 F
Annual Precip64.8 inches
StationCOMMERCE 4 NNW
Distance19.6 miles
Jan Temp29 to 51 F
Apr Temp46 to 73 F
Jul Temp67 to 90 F
Oct Temp47 to 73 F
Annual Precip52.2 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Flowery Branch6,503$72,955
Gillsville297$71,250
Lula2,831$55,061
Oakwood4,098$42,037
Pendergrass481$60,833
Talmo194$53,750

Gainesville Public Libraries

Hall County Library System
127 MAIN STREET NW
Gainesville, Georgia
(770) 532-3311

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Gainesville Hospitals

Northeast Georgia Medical Center, Inc
743 Spring Street

Gainesville Public Schools

Centennial Arts Academy
852 Century Pl
ZIP: 30501
(770) 287-2044
Primary
Total Enrollment 960
Enota Multiple Intelligences Academy
1340 Enota Ave Ne
ZIP: 30501
(770) 532-7711
Primary
Total Enrollment 742
Fair Street International Baccalaureate World School
695 Fair St
ZIP: 30501
(770) 536-5295
Primary
Total Enrollment 669
Gainesville High School
830 Century Pl
ZIP: 30501
(770) 536-4441
High
Total Enrollment 1802
Gainesville Middle School
1581 Community Way
ZIP: 30501
(770) 534-4237
Middle
Total Enrollment 1665
Gainesville Regional Youth Detention Center
450 Crescent Dr
ZIP: 30501
(770) 535-5457
Other
Total Enrollment 7
New Holland Core Knowledge Academy
170 Barn St
ZIP: 30501
(770) 287-1095
Primary
Total Enrollment 888
Riverbend Elementary School
1742 Cleveland Hwy
ZIP: 30501
(770) 534-4141
Primary
Total Enrollment 395
The Academy At Wood's Mill
715 Woodsmill Rd
ZIP: 30501
(770) 287-2021
Other
Total Enrollment 187
Gainesville Exploration Academy
1145 Mcever Rd
ZIP: 30504
(770) 287-1223
Primary
Total Enrollment 1022
Lanier Career Academy
2723 Tumbling Creek Rd
ZIP: 30504
(770) 531-2330
High
Total Enrollment 415
Lyman Hall Elementary School
2150 Memorial Park Dr
ZIP: 30504
(770) 534-7044
Primary
Total Enrollment 874
Mcever Elementary School
3265 Montgomery Dr
ZIP: 30504
(770) 534-7473
Primary
Total Enrollment 550
Chestatee Elementary
6945 Keith Bridge Rd
ZIP: 30506
(770) 887-2341
Primary
Total Enrollment 967
Chestatee High School
3005 Sardis Rd
ZIP: 30506
(770) 532-1162
High
Total Enrollment 1254
Chestatee Middle School
2740 Fran Mar Dr
ZIP: 30506
(770) 297-6270
Middle
Total Enrollment 1008
Lanier Elementary School
4782 Thompson Bridge Rd
ZIP: 30506
(770) 532-8781
Primary
Total Enrollment 588
Mount Vernon Elementary School
4844 Jim Hood Rd
ZIP: 30506
(770) 983-1759
Primary
Total Enrollment 622
North Hall High School
4885 Mount Vernon Rd
ZIP: 30506
(770) 983-7331
High
Total Enrollment 1101
North Hall Middle School
4856 Rilla Rd
ZIP: 30506
(770) 983-9749
Middle
Total Enrollment 867
Sardis Elementary School
2805 Sardis Rd
ZIP: 30506
(770) 532-0104
Primary
Total Enrollment 624
Wauka Mountain Elementary School
5850 Brookton Lula Rd
ZIP: 30506
(770) 983-3221
Primary
Total Enrollment 578
Chicopee Elementary School
2029 Calvary Church Rd
ZIP: 30507
(770) 536-2075
Primary
Total Enrollment 771
East Hall High School
3534 E Hall Rd
ZIP: 30507
(770) 536-9921
High
Total Enrollment 1101
East Hall Middle School
4120 E Hall Rd
ZIP: 30507
(770) 531-9457
Middle
Total Enrollment 953
Johnson High School
3305 Poplar Springs Rd
ZIP: 30507
(770) 536-2394
High
Total Enrollment 1390
Myers Elementary School
2676 Candler Rd
ZIP: 30507
(770) 536-0814
Primary
Total Enrollment 682
Sugar Hill Elementary
3259 Athens Hwy
ZIP: 30507
(770) 503-1749
Primary
Total Enrollment 689
Tadmore Elementary School
3278 Gillsville Hwy
ZIP: 30507
(770) 536-9929
Primary
Total Enrollment 535
White Sulphur Elementary School
2480 Old Cornelia Hwy
ZIP: 30507
(770) 532-0945
Primary
Total Enrollment 493

Gainesville Private Schools

Brenau Academy
620 Academy St
ZIP: 30501
Secondary
Total Enrollment 10
Jubilee Christian Academy
1221 Harmony St
ZIP: 30501
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 31
Lakeview Academy
796 Lakeview Dr
ZIP: 30501
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 510
North Georgia Christian School
1397 Thompson Bridge Rd
ZIP: 30501
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 201
Riverside Military Academy
2001 Riverside Dr
ZIP: 30501
Secondary
Total Enrollment 359
Sources :
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Gainesville Colleges
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Gainesville Graduate Schools
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