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Overview

Introduction to Honolulu, Hawaii

Honolulu, located on the southern coast of Oahu in Hawaii, is the state's largest, best-known and capital city. The Hawaiian islands were discovered by British captain James Cook in 1778 and annexed as a US territory by President McKinley in 1898. The capital of the Kingdom of Hawaii since 1845, Honolulu became the commercial hub of the Pacific and a strategic military center thanks to its geography (Honolulu in Hawaiian means "sheltered bay"). In the early 1900s, the US Navy established a Pacific headquarters at Honolulu's Pearl Harbor; Japan's bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941 brought the US into World War II. The US Army soon built Schofield Barracks in the mountains of Central Oahu. After the war, these bases expanded, making the military an important part of the city's economy.

When Hawaii became the 50th state in 1959, tourism boomed. For years, visiting Hawaii meant visiting Honolulu; today, Honolulu remains the #1 tourist destination in Hawaii and one of the top vacation spots in the world. Nowhere but in Honolulu can you find a tropical paradise with a thriving metropolis (around 380,000 residents and almost as many visiting tourists at any one time) and the comfort of being in America.

Honolulu Culture

Honolulu is the cultural center of the state, with many landmarks and museums celebrating the islands' rich history. Downtown, the Iolani Palace and the King Kamehameha statue honor the royalty of the Hawaiian Kingdom. The Bishop Museum just north of downtown presents Hawaiian history with canoes, costumes, documents and live performances. Outside the city, the Polynesian Cultural Center near Brigham Young University presents an outdoor representation of villages from Hawaii, Tahiti, Fiji, New Zealand and other Pacific cultures, with native dancers and interactive demonstrations. Hula can be found everywhere; two festivals are held in June and July.

Honolulu Sports and Leisure

Spectator sports in Honolulu include basketball and football programs of the University of Hawaii warriors, college football's Aloha Bowl in December and the NFL's Pro Bowl in February. In October, Honolulu is the finish line of the championship outrigger canoe race that starts at the island of Molokai. In December, the Honolulu Marathon winds through Waikiki. For the couch potato during football season, the 6-hour time difference from the Atlantic allows nonstop channel surfing from 7AM to sundown.

Honolulu Outdoors

For real surfing, Honolulu has the easy-to-ride waves at Waikiki and easy access to more challenging waters around Oahu. Less than an hour away on Oahu's North Shore, the 30-foot waves at Haleiwa Beach and the challenging formations of the Banzai Pipeline attract surfers from all over the world. In December, when the waves are especially high, professional surfing's Triple Crown of Surfing contest on the North Shore is the sport's showcase event. Oahu has everything, from swimming to sailing to snorkeling to skiing. Hanauma Bay (east of Honolulu, the best snorkeling on the island) and Fort DeRussy Beach (the west end of Waikiki, great boating and windsurfing) are all easily accessible. Inland, Oahu's awesome mountains, falls and rainforests offer hiking with fantastic scenery. Diamond Head, Honolulu's most recognizable natural landmark, allows hiking to the peak where a former army lookout affords great views of the city.

Honolulu at Night

Honolulu's nightlife is electric. Pineapple drinks, wine bars and brewpubs to suit all tastes can all be found in abundance, from the touristy Waikiki area to the local hangouts downtown, in Chinatown, near Schofield Barracks and on the North Shore. Hawaiian music and hula (both authentic and for-the-masses versions) add to the Aloha spirit. The city's diverse population, with large numbers of students, transplants from the mainland, Asians from several countries, and transient vacationers and businessmen, make Honolulu a fun place with many different things to do. With sunshine throughout the year, unmatched natural splendor, big city attractions and a party spirit, it's no wonder Honolulu is one of the world's most desirable places to live.

People

Total Population 347,973
Male Share of the Population 49.7%
Female Share of the Population 50.3%
Senior Citizens 18.4%
Employed Population 16+ 174,958
Age of the Population 40

Families

% of people married 45.2%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 35.2%
Median Earnings25+ $37,442
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $22,923
Median Earnings With High School Degree $30,132

Wealth

Median Family Income $75,998
% Above Poverty Level 88%
% Below Poverty Level 12%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 23 minutes
% Working from Home 3.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 10.6%
% Using Public Transportation 12.4%

Housing

People Living Alone 32.7%
Median Gross Rent $1,327
Median House Value $584,200

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 79.1%
US/American 0.1%
English 2.9%
Irish 3.3%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Honolulu Almanac

Category Value
County Honolulu
Metro Area Honolulu
Standard Zip Codes 96813, 96814, 96815, 96816, 96817, 96818, 96819, 96821, 96822, 96825, 96826, 96850
P.O. Box Zip Codes 96801, 96802, 96803, 96804, 96805, 96806, 96807, 96808, 96809, 96810, 96811, 96812, 96820, 96823, 96824, 96827, 96828, 96830, 96835, 96836, 96837, 96838, 96839
Company Zip Codes 96840, 96841, 96842, 96843, 96844, 96846, 96847, 96848, 96849
Phone Area Codes 808
Time Zone Hawaii (-10 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city does not observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 21.306
Longitude -157.858

Honolulu Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station MANOA LYON ARBORETUM
Distance 2.8 miles
Jan Temp 63 to 77 F
Apr Temp 65 to 77 F
Jul Temp 69 to 80 F
Oct Temp 69 to 81 F
Annual Precip 152.1 inches
Station HONOLULU INTL AP 703
Distance 4.9 miles
Jan Temp 66 to 80 F
Apr Temp 68 to 83 F
Jul Temp 74 to 88 F
Oct Temp 73 to 87 F
Annual Precip 18.2 inches
Station HONOLULU OBSERV 702.2
Distance 9.2 miles
Jan Temp 63 to 80 F
Apr Temp 66 to 83 F
Jul Temp 71 to 88 F
Oct Temp 69 to 87 F
Annual Precip 18.1 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Honolulu, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Hono (96805, 96806, 96807, 96808, 96809, 96810, 96811, 96812, 96813, 96814, 96815, 96816, 96817, 96819, 96820, 96821, 96822, 96823, 96824, 96825, 96826, 96827, 96828, 96830, 96835, 96836, 96837, 96838, 96801, 96839, 96802, 96850, 96803, 96804)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Aiea 9,262 $114,974
Ewa Beach 14,287 $77,073
Kailua 38,722 $113,078
Kaneohe 33,654 $92,262
Waimanalo 6,164 $70,662

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Honolulu Public Libraries

Library
Hawaii State Public Library System
"465 SOUTH KING STREET, ROOM B1"
Honolulu, Hawaii
(808) 586-3704
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Honolulu Hospitals

STRAUB CLINIC AND HOSPITAL
(Proprietary)
888 SO KING STREET
(808) 522-4000
Emergency Service: Yes

QUEENS MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
1301 PUNCHBOWL ST
(808) 538-9011
Emergency Service: Yes

KUAKINI MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
347 N KUAKINI STREET
(808) 536-2236
Emergency Service: Yes

ST FRANCIS MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
2230 LILIHA STREET
(808) 547-6011
Emergency Service: Yes

KAISER FOUNDATION HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
3288 MOANALUA RD
(808) 432-0000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Honolulu High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

FARRINGTON HIGH SCHOOL
1564 NORTH KING STREET
808-832-3600
A Title I School.
Serves 2,424 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.4

MOANALUA HIGH SCHOOL
2825 ALA ILIMA STREET
808-837-8455
Serves 2,005 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.4

MCKINLEY HIGH SCHOOL
1039 SOUTH KING STREET
808-594-0400
A Title I School.
Serves 1,883 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.3

ROOSEVELT HIGH SCHOOL
1120 NEHOA STREET
808-587-4600
Serves 1,574 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.1

KAIMUKI HIGH SCHOOL
2705 KAIMUKI AVENUE
808-733-4900
A Title I School.
Serves 1,347 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15

RADFORD HIGH SCHOOL
4361 SALT LAKE BOULEVARD
808-421-4200
Serves 1,319 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17

KALANI HIGH SCHOOL
4680 KALANIANAOLE HIGHWAY
808-373-2191
Serves 1,086 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.4

KAISER HIGH SCHOOL
511 LUNALILO HOME ROAD
808-394-1200
Serves 1,034 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.1

MYRON THOMPSON ACADEMY - A NEW CENTURY PCS
419 SOUTH STREET SUITE 145
808-537-5444
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 621 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 77.6

THE EDUCATION LAB: A HAWAII NEW CENTURY PCS
1776 UNIVERSITY AVENUE
808-956-7833
A Charter School.
Serves 378 students.

ANUENUE SCHOOL
2528 10TH AVENUE
808-733-8465
A Title I School.
Serves 350 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.6

HALAU LOKAHI NEW CENTURY PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOL
810 NORTH VINEYARD BLVD
808-832-3594
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 119 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 59.5

HAWAII CENTER FOR THE DEAF AND THE BLIND
3440 LEAHI AVENUE
808-733-4999
A Special Education School
Serves 80 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 4.2

HALAU KU MANA PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOL
2645 DOLE STREET RM 209A
808-945-1401
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 75 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 75

POHUKAINA SCHOOL
637 18TH AVENUE
808-733-4693
A Special Education School
Serves 13 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 4.3

Additional Details
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Historic Honolulu

photo

Japanese store between 1895 and 1910
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