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Overview

Introduction to Columbia, Illinois

Columbia, Illinois, in Monroe county, is 13 miles S of St. Louis, Missouri. The city benefits from easy access to the nearby cities and towns that it shares the Saint Louis metropolitan area with.

Columbia History

Frenchmen were the first Europeans to settle in the community, arriving in the mid-1600s. The area was then known as L’Aigle, which is a French term for The Eagle. The British took possession of the area in the mid-1700s, but were forced to move out of the area after the Revolutionary War. The first permanent settlements were established by colonial American settlers in the areas of Fort Whiteside, Columbia and Fort Piggot. The forts were made out of log cabins to ensure protection against Indian raids. Columbia was plotted as a town in 1820. Germans began to immigrate into the area in 1833. Columbia was officially incorporated as a town in the year 1859, and the first rail road tracks were laid out in the area in the year 1868.

Columbia and nearby Attractions

  • Scott Joplin House State Historic Site
  • Cahokia Mounds
  • Saint Louis Holocaust Museum
  • Cahokia Mounds
  • Frank Holten State Recreation Area

Things To Do In Columbia

Local museums include the Eugene Field House and Toy Museum, the Soldiers' Memorial Military Museum and the Saint Louis Holocaust Museum. Local wildlife parks and areas include the Horseshoe Lake State Fish & Wildlife Area-Madison and the Peabody River State Fish & Wildlife Area. The Frank Holten State Recreation Area is a popular local spot as well.

Columbia Transportation

Lambert-St. Louis International is the nearest major airport.

Columbia Higher Education

Nearby colleges and universities include Saint Louis University, Washington University and Southwestern Illinois College.

Demographics

People

Total Population10,193
Male Share of the Population47%
Female Share of the Population53%
Senior Citizens16.3%
Employed Population 16+5,296
Age of the Population41

Families

% of people married59.8%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher40.2%
Median Earnings25+$48,363
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$0
Median Earnings With High School Degree$35,067

Wealth

Median Family Income$98,008
% Above Poverty Level94%
% Below Poverty Level6%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time26 minutes
% Working from Home5.7%
% Walking and Biking to Work1.3%
% Using Public Transportation0.7%

Housing

People Living Alone24.8%
Median Gross Rent$785
Median House Value$198,100

Ancestry

German46.9%
Irish14.8%
English11.6%
Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)9.2%
French Except Basque5.2%
Polish4.5%
Italian3.2%
Greek2.9%
Scottish1.6%
Welsh1.2%
Swedish0.9%
Slovak0.7%
Portuguese0.6%
Austrian0.6%
Dutch0.6%
Canadian0.5%
Brazilian0.5%
Swiss0.4%
Ukrainian0.4%
Lithuanian0.4%
Czech0.4%
Hungarian0.4%
US/American0.4%
Arab0.3%
Serbian0.2%
Lebanese0.2%
Norwegian0.1%
Croatian0.1%
Finnish0.1%
Albanian0.1%
Russian0.1%
Egyptian0.1%
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Columbia Almanac

CategoryValue
County Monroe County
Standard Zip Codes62236
Phone Area Codes618
Time ZoneAmerica/Chicago
Approximate Latitude38.45
Approximate Longitude-90.22

Columbia Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationWATERLOO
Distance8.1 miles
Jan Temp20 to 38 F
Apr Temp45 to 66 F
Jul Temp68 to 89 F
Oct Temp47 to 69 F
Annual Precip42.1 inches
StationST LOUIS SCIENCE CTR
Distance13.6 miles
Jan Temp21 to 38 F
Apr Temp47 to 66 F
Jul Temp71 to 91 F
Oct Temp49 to 69 F
Annual Precip38.8 inches
StationFESTUS
Distance16.3 miles
Jan Temp18 to 39 F
Apr Temp41 to 67 F
Jul Temp64 to 88 F
Oct Temp42 to 70 F
Annual Precip39.9 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Cahokia14,574$31,397
Dupo3,966$59,732
East Carondelet523$47,083
Millstadt3,911$77,530

Columbia Public Libraries

Columbia Public Library
106 NORTH METTER AVENUE
Columbia, Illinois
(618) 281-4237

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Columbia Public Schools

Columbia High School
77 Veterans Pkwy
ZIP: 62236
(618) 281-5001
High
Total Enrollment 673
Columbia Middle School
100 Eagle Dr
ZIP: 62236
(618) 281-4993
Middle
Total Enrollment 604
Eagleview Elementary School
113 S Rapp Ave
ZIP: 62236
(618) 281-4995
Primary
Total Enrollment 266
Parkview Elementary School
1 Veterans Pkwy
ZIP: 62236
(618) 281-4997
Primary
Total Enrollment 446

Columbia Private Schools

Immaculate Conception
321 S Metter Ave
ZIP: 62236
Elementary
Total Enrollment 272
Sources :
Study Online in Columbia
Additional Resources
Info for Columbia Government Officials


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