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Overview

Introduction to Columbia, Illinois

Columbia, Illinois, in Monroe county, is 13 miles S of St. Louis, Missouri. The city benefits from easy access to the nearby cities and towns that it shares the Saint Louis metropolitan area with.

Columbia History

Frenchmen were the first Europeans to settle in the community, arriving in the mid-1600s. The area was then known as L’Aigle, which is a French term for The Eagle. The British took possession of the area in the mid-1700s, but were forced to move out of the area after the Revolutionary War. The first permanent settlements were established by colonial American settlers in the areas of Fort Whiteside, Columbia and Fort Piggot. The forts were made out of log cabins to ensure protection against Indian raids. Columbia was plotted as a town in 1820. Germans began to immigrate into the area in 1833. Columbia was officially incorporated as a town in the year 1859, and the first rail road tracks were laid out in the area in the year 1868.

Columbia and nearby Attractions

  • Scott Joplin House State Historic Site
  • Cahokia Mounds
  • Saint Louis Holocaust Museum
  • Cahokia Mounds
  • Frank Holten State Recreation Area

Things To Do In Columbia

Local museums include the Eugene Field House and Toy Museum, the Soldiers' Memorial Military Museum and the Saint Louis Holocaust Museum. Local wildlife parks and areas include the Horseshoe Lake State Fish & Wildlife Area-Madison and the Peabody River State Fish & Wildlife Area. The Frank Holten State Recreation Area is a popular local spot as well.

Columbia Transportation

Lambert-St. Louis International is the nearest major airport.

Columbia Higher Education

Nearby colleges and universities include Saint Louis University, Washington University and Southwestern Illinois College.

People

Total Population 10,029
Male Share of the Population 46.1%
Female Share of the Population 53.9%
Senior Citizens 15.9%
Employed Population 16+ 5,035
Age of the Population 41

Families

% of people married 55.9%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 37.2%
Median Earnings25+ $44,176
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $51,536
Median Earnings With High School Degree $35,158

Wealth

Median Family Income $90,500
% Above Poverty Level 93.5%
% Below Poverty Level 6.5%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 27 minutes
% Working from Home 6.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1.4%
% Using Public Transportation 0.7%

Housing

People Living Alone 26.5%
Median Gross Rent $776
Median House Value $188,200

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 10.2%
US/American 0.4%
English 10.1%
Irish 14.2%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Columbia Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 13 miles S of St. Louis, Missouri
County Monroe
Metro Area Saint Louis
Standard Zip Codes 62236
Phone Area Codes 618
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 38.443
Longitude -90.201

Columbia Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station WATERLOO
Distance 8.1 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 38 F
Apr Temp 45 to 66 F
Jul Temp 68 to 89 F
Oct Temp 47 to 69 F
Annual Precip 42.1 inches
Station ST LOUIS SCIENCE CTR
Distance 13.6 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 38 F
Apr Temp 47 to 66 F
Jul Temp 71 to 91 F
Oct Temp 49 to 69 F
Annual Precip 38.8 inches
Station FESTUS
Distance 16.3 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 39 F
Apr Temp 41 to 67 F
Jul Temp 64 to 88 F
Oct Temp 42 to 70 F
Annual Precip 39.9 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Cahokia 14,740 $31,531
Dupo 4,006 $59,957
East Carondelet 587 $42,188

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Columbia Public Libraries

Library
Columbia P.l.
106 NORTH METTER AVENUE
Columbia, Illinois
(618) 281-4237

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More Information for Librarians

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Columbia High Schools

COLUMBIA HIGH SCHOOL
100 PARKVIEW DR
618-281-5001
Serves 539 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.8

Study Online in Columbia
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