Introduction to Galesburg, Illinois

Galesburg, Illinois, in Knox county, is 41 miles S of Davenport, Iowa (center to center) and 154 miles SW of Chicago, Illinois.

Galesburg History

George Washington Gale founded the present day City of Galesburg. In fact, the area was named after Gale as a tribute to its founder. The first settler of the area arrived in 1836. The first anti - slavery society of Illinois was founded in Galesburg in 1837. The area also served as a stop on the Underground Railroad. Galesburg was the hometown of Carl Sandburg, renowned author, poet, and historian.

Galesburg and nearby Attractions

  • Galesburg Railroad Museum
  • Lake Storey Recreational Area
  • Carl Sandburg Historic Site
  • Illinois Citizen Soldier Museum
  • Snakeden Hollow State Fish and Wildlife Area
  • Discovery Depot Children's Museum

Things To Do In Galesburg

During your stay in Galesburg, you can visit the Lakeside Water Park, Lancaster Park, and Lake Storey Beach. The city also offers a number of picnic shelters and gazebos. Camping can be enjoyed at the Allison Campground. The Bunker Links Golf Course offers an 18 holes golf course. The Galesburg Civic Art Center Museum, Galesburg Railroad Museum, and Discovery Depot Children's Museum are also worth visiting. Shopping can be enjoyed at the Sandburg Mall and Bridlecreek Shopping Center.

Galesburg Transportation

International air transportation is available from Quad City International Airport.

Galesburg Higher Education

Carl Sandburg College and Knox College are the local colleges.


Total Population 31,696
Male Share of the Population 50.6%
Female Share of the Population 49.4%
Senior Citizens 19.2%
Employed Population 16+ 11,983
Age of the Population 40


% of people married 35.3%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 16.9%
Median Earnings25+ $27,808
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $13,885
Median Earnings With High School Degree $20,811


Median Family Income $47,836
% Above Poverty Level 75.4%
% Below Poverty Level 24.6%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 15 minutes
% Working from Home 1.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 7.1%
% Using Public Transportation 0.9%


People Living Alone 42.1%
Median Gross Rent $570
Median House Value $72,600


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 27.8%
US/American 0.1%
English 9.3%
Irish 12.1%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Galesburg Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 41 miles S of Davenport, Iowa (center to center)
Nearest Large City 154 miles SW of Chicago, Illinois
County Knox
Standard Zip Codes 61401
P.O. Box Zip Codes 61402
Phone Area Codes 309
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.947
Longitude -90.371

Galesburg Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 0.7 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 29 F
Apr Temp 40 to 61 F
Jul Temp 65 to 85 F
Oct Temp 43 to 63 F
Annual Precip 37.2 inches
Distance 13.9 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 31 F
Apr Temp 41 to 63 F
Jul Temp 64 to 85 F
Oct Temp 43 to 65 F
Annual Precip 38.3 inches
Station GALVA
Distance 24 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 29 F
Apr Temp 39 to 61 F
Jul Temp 64 to 85 F
Oct Temp 42 to 64 F
Annual Precip 37.8 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Galesburg, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Henderson Grove (61401)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Abingdon 3,105 $43,504
East Galesburg 801 $58,542
Henderson 237 $58,750

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Galesburg Public Libraries

Galesburg P.l.
Galesburg, Illinois
(309) 343-6118
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Galesburg Hospitals

(309) 345-4555
Emergency Service: Yes

(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
(309) 344-3161
Emergency Service: Yes

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Galesburg High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,439 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.4

PO BOX 1327
A Non-traditional School
Serves 427 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 61

A Non-traditional School
Serves 28 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7

A Special Education School
Serves 18 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 9

Galesburg Colleges

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