Introduction to Olney, Illinois

Olney, Illinois, in Richland county, is 59 miles NW of Evansville, Indiana and 118 miles E of St. Louis, Missouri.

Olney History

Olney was founded in 1841 and today is famous for its population of white squirrels. It is said that in 1902 William Stroup found two white squirrels while he was hunting and captured them so he could bring them home. When the state legislature passed a law prohibiting captivity of wild animals, the albino squirrels were released into the wild, and the population of white squirrels in Olney has since been a source of pride for its people. The Olney police department has the symbol of white squirrel on its badge, while the squirrels have the right of way on the town’s streets.

Olney and nearby Attractions

  • Olney City Park
  • Bird Haven
  • Jasper County Museum
  • Red Hills State Park
  • Old Cathedral Library & Museum
  • Miller's Grove

Things To Do In Olney

The Arcadia Theater is a popular local cultural spot. The Alvin Musgrove Park has large playgrounds, basketball courts and a soccer field, all of which are a part of the Wenonah Musgrove Recreation Area. Visitors can enjoy squirrel watching at Miller's Grove. The Richmond County Fair is a popular local festival. Nearby museums include the William H. Harrison Museum, the Wabash County Museum and the Old Cathedral Library & Museum. East Fork Lake, Borah Lake and Vernor Lake are all located nearby as well.

Olney Transportation

Evansville Regional Airport is nearby.

Olney Higher Education

Illinois Eastern Community College-Olney Central College is the local institution of higher education. Others nearby include Vincennes University, Frontier Community College, Oakland City University and Lake Land College.


Total Population 9,085
Male Share of the Population 46.8%
Female Share of the Population 53.2%
Senior Citizens 22%
Employed Population 16+ 3,734
Age of the Population 42


% of people married 46.4%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 22.4%
Median Earnings25+ $29,634
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $22,750
Median Earnings With High School Degree $18,520


Median Family Income $46,458
% Above Poverty Level 81.6%
% Below Poverty Level 18.4%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 15 minutes
% Working from Home 2.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.1%
% Using Public Transportation 0.1%


People Living Alone 39.1%
Median Gross Rent $507
Median House Value $81,400


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 14.9%
US/American 0%
English 7.8%
Irish 10%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Olney Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 59 miles NW of Evansville, Indiana (center to center)
Nearest Large City 118 miles E of St. Louis, Missouri
County Richland
Standard Zip Codes 62450
Phone Area Codes 618
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 38.73
Longitude -88.085

Olney Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station OLNEY 2 S
Distance 2.1 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 36 F
Apr Temp 42 to 65 F
Jul Temp 66 to 88 F
Oct Temp 44 to 69 F
Annual Precip 45.2 inches
Station ALBION
Distance 22.9 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 37 F
Apr Temp 45 to 66 F
Jul Temp 68 to 89 F
Oct Temp 47 to 70 F
Annual Precip 44.8 inches
Distance 28.3 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 38 F
Apr Temp 44 to 66 F
Jul Temp 67 to 89 F
Oct Temp 45 to 70 F
Annual Precip 43.7 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Olney, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Orchard Heights (62450)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Calhoun 204 $53,611
Claremont 244 $52,750

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Olney Public Libraries

Olney P.l.
Olney, Illinois
(618) 392-3711

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Olney Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(618) 395-2131
Emergency Service: Yes

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Olney High Schools

Serves 694 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.6

Olney Colleges

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