Introduction to Quincy, Illinois

Quincy, Illinois, in Adams county, is 84 miles NE of Columbia, Missouri (center to center) and 108 miles NW of St. Louis, Missouri.

Quincy History

The Sauk, Kickapoo, and Fox Native American tribes were original inhabitants of the city now known as Quincy. The area was first settled by the whites in 1819. John Wood was the founder of Quincy. At that time, the area was known as Bluffs. In 1825, the area was renamed Quincy in honor of the sixth United States' President, John Quincy Adams. It became the Adams County seat in the same year.

Quincy and nearby Attractions

  • Quincy Museum
  • All Wars Museum
  • Mark Twain National Wildlife Refuge Complex
  • Villa Katherine Castle
  • Gardner Museum of Architecture and Design
  • Siloam Springs State Park

Things To Do In Quincy

There are a number of sites in Qunicy that are of architectural and historical importance including the Quincy Museum, Gardner Museum of Architecture and Design, Villa Katherine Castle, Quincy Art Center, and the John Wood Mansion. Quincy also organizes The Pepsi Little People's Golf Championships every year. In addition, the city organizes several other festivals and events such as the Mid-Summer Arts Faire, Dogwood Festival, Christmas Candelight Tour, and Movies on the Muddy.

Quincy Transportation

Air transportation is available from Quincy Regional - Baldwin Field Airport.

Quincy Higher Education

John Wood Community College, Gem City College, Blessing Rieman College of Nursing, Quincy University, and Vatterott College are the local colleges and universities.


Total Population 40,763
Male Share of the Population 47.6%
Female Share of the Population 52.4%
Senior Citizens 18.9%
Employed Population 16+ 18,529
Age of the Population 39


% of people married 47.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 22.7%
Median Earnings25+ $31,409
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $20,053
Median Earnings With High School Degree $27,516


Median Family Income $55,973
% Above Poverty Level 81.8%
% Below Poverty Level 18.2%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 14 minutes
% Working from Home 3.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.8%
% Using Public Transportation 1%


People Living Alone 36.5%
Median Gross Rent $581
Median House Value $101,600


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 14.8%
US/American 0%
English 8.4%
Irish 11.7%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Quincy Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 84 miles NE of Columbia, Missouri (center to center)
Nearest Large City 108 miles NW of St. Louis, Missouri
County Adams
Standard Zip Codes 62301, 62305
P.O. Box Zip Codes 62306
Phone Area Codes 217
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 39.935
Longitude -91.409

Quincy Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station QUINCY DAM 21
Distance 2.8 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 34 F
Apr Temp 41 to 65 F
Jul Temp 66 to 88 F
Oct Temp 43 to 66 F
Annual Precip 35.6 inches
Distance 11.2 miles
Jan Temp 17 to 33 F
Apr Temp 43 to 63 F
Jul Temp 67 to 86 F
Oct Temp 45 to 66 F
Annual Precip 38.4 inches
Distance 25.2 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 35 F
Apr Temp 41 to 66 F
Jul Temp 66 to 89 F
Oct Temp 44 to 68 F
Annual Precip 36.1 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Quincy, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Burton (62301)

Marblehead (62301)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Coatsburg 164 $48,750
Columbus 80 $43,250

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Quincy Public Libraries

Quincy P.l.
Quincy, Illinois
(217) 223-1309
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Quincy Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(217) 223-5811
Emergency Service: Yes

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Quincy High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,726 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.6

A Special Education School
Serves 32 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 32

205 S 24TH ST
A Special Education School
Serves 25 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.5

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