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Overview

Introduction to Gary, Indiana

Located on the shores of Lake Michigan in northwestern Indiana is the city of Gary. The largest city in Indiana's Lake County, Gary is situated only 30 miles southeast of Chicago, Illinois, and encompasses the southeastern portion of the Chicago metropolitan area. Known for its large steel mills, Gary has long been known as an industrial city and the economic hub of the Northwest Indiana region which includes the surrounding communities of Merrillville, Hammond, and Hobart. Interstate I-90 runs through Gary, which is also serviced by Interstates I-80, I-94, I-65; U.S. Routes 12 and 20; and Indiana State Highways 312 and 912.

Founded in 1906 by Elbert H. Gary, former Chairman of the United States Steel Corporation, the city originated as the chosen site for the location of what was intended to be the world's largest steel plant. The three year project resulted in the birth of a huge industry and the creation of the city which would be named in honor of the area's great visionary and would instantly become the residence of thousands of steel workers and their families. Throughout the ensuing years, Gary's fortunes have mirrored the ups and downs of its primary industry. Plant layoffs in the 1960s led to a decline in the city's economic and cultural profile, mimicking the fortunes of similar urban centers in the nation. The city today continues to be a major steel producer but still faces economic challenges, which have been somewhat mitigated by the introduction of two casinos which opened along the Gary lakeshore in the 1990s. In 2006, the city celebrated its Centennial. Many notable people call Gary their original home, including well-known entertainers such as Michael Jackson and the Jackson family.

Art, Culture, and Entertainment in Gary

Gary boasts several arts and cultural centers. The West Side Theatre Guild, which originated in 1996, brings a mixture of traditional and contemporary productions to the area. Gary's Genesis Convention Center is an imposing example of modern architecture featuring a large glass wall across its front facade. Historical buildings in Gary include the Gary Bathing Beach Aquatorium. Built in 1921 as an elaborate bathhouse, the facility is one of the world's earliest examples of modular block construction.

Indoor recreation in Gary can be found at Buffington Harbor on the city's lakefront, where casinos are housed on two gaming boats: the Majestic Star I and Majestic Star II. The boats are docked at a spacious pavilion which includes restaurants, stores and offices. For outdoor recreation, Lake Etta Park offers 70 acres of open space which includes a stocked fishing lake, a beach for swimming, picnic shelters, walking trails, and paddle boats. The city also has dozens of other parks, including North Gleason Park, Marquette Park and Beach, and the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore Park which offers fishing, swimming, hiking, picnicking and horseback riding along Lake Michigan's sandy beaches.

The Gary sports scene revolves around two local teams: the Gary SouthShore RailCats and the Gary Steelheads. The RailCats are an independent minor league baseball team playing in the Northern League. The Steelheads are a professional basketball team playing in the United States Basketball League (USBL). The RailCats play their home games at Gary's Steel Yard Stadium, while the Steelheads play in the city's Genesis Convention Center. Thirty minutes away is the city of Chicago, home to several major league sports franchises, including the following:

  • National Basketball Association's Chicago Bulls
  • Major League Baseball's Chicago Cubs and Chicago White Sox
  • National Football League's Chicago Bears
  • National Hockey League's Chicago Blackhawks
  • Major League Soccer's Chicago Fire
  • Arena Football League's Chicago Rush
  • American Basketball Association's Chicago Rockstars
  • Major League Lacrosse's Chicago Machine
  • Women's National Basketball Association's Chicago Sky

Demographics

People

Total Population77,858
Male Share of the Population45%
Female Share of the Population55%
Senior Citizens16.4%
Employed Population 16+25,016
Age of the Population38

Families

% of people married28.7%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher12.7%
Median Earnings25+$25,470
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$13,921
Median Earnings With High School Degree$22,581

Wealth

Median Family Income$35,364
% Above Poverty Level64.1%
% Below Poverty Level35.9%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time26 minutes
% Working from Home2.1%
% Walking and Biking to Work2.4%
% Using Public Transportation4.9%

Housing

People Living Alone35.9%
Median Gross Rent$731
Median House Value$65,400

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)79.2%
German2.6%
Irish2.3%
Italian1.1%
English1.1%
Polish0.9%
African0.8%
French Except Basque0.4%
Russian0.3%
Scottish0.3%
Dutch0.3%
West Indian0.2%
Slovak0.2%
Lithuanian0.2%
Greek0.2%
Canadian0.1%
Swedish0.1%
Bahamian0.1%
Nigerian0.1%
Haitian0.1%
Jamaican0.1%
Croatian0.1%
Hungarian0.1%
Romanian0.1%
Danishn0.1%
Czech0.1%
Norwegian0.1%
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Gary Almanac

CategoryValue
County Lake County
Standard Zip Codes46402, 46403, 46404, 46406, 46407, 46408, 46409, 46410, 46405
P.O. Box Zip Codes46401, 46411
Phone Area Codes219
Time ZoneAmerica/Indiana/Indianapolis
Approximate Latitude41.59
Approximate Longitude-87.34

Gary Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationHOBART 2 WNW
Distance4.4 miles
Jan Temp14 to 30 F
Apr Temp38 to 58 F
Jul Temp63 to 84 F
Oct Temp42 to 64 F
Annual Precip38 inches
StationOGDEN DUNES
Distance8.6 miles
Jan Temp16 to 32 F
Apr Temp38 to 60 F
Jul Temp63 to 84 F
Oct Temp44 to 65 F
Annual Precip36.3 inches
StationINDIANA DUNES NAT LKSHR
Distance13.9 miles
Jan Temp15 to 30 F
Apr Temp39 to 57 F
Jul Temp64 to 82 F
Oct Temp44 to 62 F
Annual Precip37.8 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
East Chicago28,961$31,291
Griffith16,583$65,801
Hobart28,693$73,653
Lake Station12,199$45,009
New Chicago1,805$43,824

Gary Public Libraries

Gary Public Library
1835 BROADWAY
Gary, Indiana
(219) 886-9120

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More Information for Librarians

Gary Hospitals

Methodist Hospitals Inc
(Non-profit)
600 Grant St
(219) 886-4642

Gary Public Schools

21st Century Charter Sch Of Gary
556 Washington St
ZIP: 46402
(219) 886-9339
Other
Total Enrollment 709
Gary Middle College
556 Washington St
ZIP: 46402
(219) 888-7120
High
Total Enrollment 198
Jefferson Elementary School
601 Jackson St
ZIP: 46402
(219) 886-6570
Primary
Total Enrollment 482
Thea Bowman Leadership Academy
975 W 6th Ave
ZIP: 46402
(219) 883-4826
Other
Total Enrollment 1317
Benjamin Banneker Achievement Ctr
301 Parke St
ZIP: 46403
(219) 938-1750
Primary
Total Enrollment 518
Charter School Of The Dunes
7300 East Melton Rd
ZIP: 46403
(219) 939-9690
Other
Total Enrollment 624
Jacques Marquette Elem School
6401 Hemlock Ave
ZIP: 46403
(219) 881-3610
Primary
Total Enrollment 576
Wm A Wirt/emerson Vpa
210 N Grand Blvd
ZIP: 46403
(219) 938-1161
Other
Total Enrollment 595
Beveridge Elementary School
1234 Cleveland St
ZIP: 46404
(219) 977-2123
Primary
Total Enrollment 675
Brunswick Elementary School
5701 W 7th Ave
ZIP: 46404
(219) 977-2162
Primary
Aspire Charter Academy
4900 W 15th Ave
ZIP: 46406
(219) 944-7400
Primary
Total Enrollment 704
West Side Leadership Academy
9th & Gerry St
ZIP: 46406
(219) 977-2100
High
Total Enrollment 885
Daniel Hale Williams Elem Sch
1320 E 19th Ave
ZIP: 46407
(219) 881-3600
Primary
Total Enrollment 512
Dr Bernard C Watson Acad For Boys
2065 Mississippi St
ZIP: 46407
(219) 886-6569
Primary
Total Enrollment 137
Dunbar-pulaski Academic & Career
920 E 19th Ave
ZIP: 46407
(219) 886-6581
Middle
Total Enrollment 674
Frankie W Mccullough Acad For Girl
1110 W 21st Ave
ZIP: 46407
(219) 977-2129
Primary
Total Enrollment 429
Mary M Bethune Early Child Dev Ctr
2367 E 21st Ave
ZIP: 46407
(219) 886-6542
Primary
Total Enrollment 518
Theodore Roosevelt Car & Tech Acad
730 W 25th Ave
ZIP: 46407
(219) 881-1500
High
Total Enrollment 571
Calumet High School
3900 Calhoun St
ZIP: 46408
(219) 838-6990
High
Total Enrollment 663
Daniel Webster Elem Sch
3720 Pierce St
ZIP: 46408
(219) 980-6345
Primary
Gary Lighthouse Charter School
3201 Pierce St
ZIP: 46408
(219) 880-1762
Other
Total Enrollment 1460
Glen Park Acad For Excel In Lrn
5002 Madison St
ZIP: 46408
(219) 881-3620
Primary
Total Enrollment 790
Hosford Park Elementary
4735 Arthur St
ZIP: 46408
(219) 980-3390
Primary
Total Enrollment 345
Lake Ridge Middle School
3601 W 41st Ave
ZIP: 46408
(219) 980-0730
Middle
Total Enrollment 418
Longfellow Elementary School
45th/calhoun Sts
ZIP: 46408
(219) 923-7004
Primary
Total Enrollment 540
Bailly Preparatory Academy
4621 Georgia St
ZIP: 46409
(219) 980-6326
Primary
Total Enrollment 371
Gary Career Center
1800 E 35th Ave
ZIP: 46409
(219) 962-7571
Other
New Tech Innovative Institute
1800 East 35th Ave
ZIP: 46409
(219) 963-2901
High
Total Enrollment 404

Gary Private Schools

Spirit Of God Accelerated Education
1010 Roosevelt St
ZIP: 46404
Elementary
Total Enrollment 58
Ambassador Academy
900 W Ridge Rd
ZIP: 46408
Elementary
Total Enrollment 216
Tedm Academy
416 E Ridge Rd
ZIP: 46409
Elementary
Total Enrollment 30
Sources :
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