Introduction to Hammond, Indiana

Hammond, Indiana, in Lake county, is 20 miles S of Chicago, Illinois. Hammond is located in Northwest Indiana and is included in the Chicago metropolitan area. It's bordered to the north by Lake Michigan and to the south by the Little Calumet River. The Chicago loop is approximately a half an hour away from Hammond.

The area is home to numerous railroad and trucking companies. A large number of products including steel, petroleum products, chemicals, corn goods, soap and other items are manufactured in the city. Hammond is a major healthcare center for Northwest Indiana.


The first settlements were established in 1847 near the southern portion of Lake Michigan. The residents were primarily German farmers. The city was originally named Hohman. 1869 marked the beginning of the industrialization of the city. A butcher from Detroit named George H. Hammond built a slaughterhouse which was the city's first notable business. The town was renamed in tribute to him. In 1884 the city was incorporated.


  • Festival of the Lakes.
  • The John Dillinger Museum features exhibits of the famous criminal.
  • Historic homes.
  • The Woodmar Shopping Mall is a popular destination.
  • Venetian Night and Fireworks event occurs annually.
  • The International Cultural Festival showcases the city's diverse ethnic communities.
  • The Little Red Schoolhouse is an historic structure.


Residents and visitors enjoy recreational activities at Lake Michigan and Wolf and George lakes. The city hosts a five day Summer festival which attracts a large number of attendees. The Hammond Marina provides opportunities for boating, swimming and fishing. The Gibson Woods Nature Preserve features hiking trails in woodlands, sand dune areas and wetlands. The Hammond Lakefront Park and Bird Sanctuary offers visitors the opportunity to see a wide variety of birds during migration.

Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore includes an extensive shoreline on Lake Michigan as well as marsh areas, prairies, forest areas and rivers. It features a vast number of bird species and a variety of wildlife. Hammond includes numerous parks. A bike path runs from the northern end of the city down to the southern border. The Empress Casino features gambling and restaurants.


The city is served by the Gary/Chicago Airport located in Gary. The South Shore Electric Line which runs from Chicago to South Bend, Indiana has a station located in the municipality. The Hammond Transit System provides bus services.

Higher Education

Purdue University Calumet and Calumet College of St. Joseph are located in the area.


Total Population 78,983
Male Share of the Population 49.8%
Female Share of the Population 50.2%
Senior Citizens 10.4%
Employed Population 16+ 31,179
Age of the Population 34


% of people married 39.2%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 13.6%
Median Earnings25+ $30,220
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $21,634
Median Earnings With High School Degree $28,759


Median Family Income $45,506
% Above Poverty Level 75.1%
% Below Poverty Level 24.9%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 27 minutes
% Working from Home 1.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.8%
% Using Public Transportation 3.9%


People Living Alone 28.8%
Median Gross Rent $828
Median House Value $88,100


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 57.2%
US/American 0%
English 3.3%
Irish 10%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Hammond Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 20 miles S of Chicago, Illinois
County Lake
Standard Zip Codes 46320, 46321, 46322, 46323, 46324, 46327
P.O. Box Zip Codes 46325
Phone Area Codes 219
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 41.583
Longitude -87.511

Hammond Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 10.6 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 29 F
Apr Temp 39 to 58 F
Jul Temp 65 to 84 F
Oct Temp 43 to 63 F
Annual Precip 38.6 inches
Distance 17.1 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 32 F
Apr Temp 38 to 60 F
Jul Temp 63 to 84 F
Oct Temp 44 to 65 F
Annual Precip 36.3 inches
Distance 22.4 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 30 F
Apr Temp 39 to 57 F
Jul Temp 64 to 82 F
Oct Temp 44 to 62 F
Annual Precip 37.8 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Hammond, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Hessville (46323)

South Calumet Avenue (46324)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Dyer 16,257 $90,907
East Chicago 29,178 $29,384
Griffith 16,643 $68,240
Munster 23,250 $88,560
Schererville 28,987 $85,441

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Hammond Public Libraries

Hammond Pl
Hammond, Indiana
(219) 931-5100
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Hammond Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
(219) 932-2300
Emergency Service: Yes

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Hammond High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

1670 175TH ST
Serves 1,669 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.1

Serves 943 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22

Serves 815 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.3

Hammond Colleges

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Additional Details
Hammond Colleges
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