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Overview

Introduction to Lawrence, Kansas

The city of Lawrence is located in Douglas County, Kansas, 40 miles west of Kansas City and 25 miles east of Topeka. The city is home to the University of Kansas and also to Haskell Indian Nations University, the premier Native American educational institution in the country.

The origins of Lawrence have a distinctly political component. When the Kansas Territory was opened to settlement in 1854, settlers were allowed to decide whether to admit their territory as a slave or free state. Shortly after the territory was opened, a colonization movement was started by New Englanders opposed to slavery, who quickly immigrated to the new territory, set up roots in the new town, and named it in honor of Boston's Amos A. Lawrence, a principal financier of the expedition. Efforts such as this prevented Kansas from becoming pro-slavery, a choice which in later years would lead to some bloody encounters in Lawrence involving factions from the neighboring slave state of Missouri. During the Civil War, Confederate guerrillas led by William Quantrill burned most of the houses and commercial buildings in Lawrence and killed close to 200 men they found in the city. The notorious incident came to be known as "Quantrill's Raid." A much more positive development occurred a few years later in Lawrence when the University of Kansas was founded in 1865 under a charter granted by the Kansas Legislature. Since that time, the University has had a major influence on the city of Lawrence, an influence which is still felt today. Lawrence is truly a college town.

Places of Interest in Lawrence

As a college town with a rich history, Lawrence offers a wide array of attractions in the cultural, artistic, historical, and recreational categories. Downtown Lawrence always has a lively atmosphere and is filled with restaurants, galleries, shops, and music venues. The University of Kansas campus is home to several museums, including the Spencer Museum of Art and the Kansas University Natural History Museum. The Robert J. Dole Institute of Politics contains artifacts and memorabilia from the life of the former Kansas Senator. The Lawrence Arts Center features a gallery containing artwork of the townspeople, activities, and organized plays. For outdoor recreation, a variety of mountain biking venues exist in the Lawrence area, including trails near the Kansas River and at Clinton Lake (located approximately three miles southwest of the city). Clinton Lake also has areas for boating, swimming, fishing, and camping. These are just a few of the local attractions but there are many more, including the following:

  • Lied Center of Kansas: The premier performing arts venue in Lawrence, featuring internationally acclaimed performers and productions
  • Lawrence Arts Center: The hub of arts and information in Lawrence
  • Lawrence Community Theatre: Six major productions are staged each season, ranging from musicals to the latest works by area playwrights
  • Art in the Park: Features the work of nearly 100 area artists
  • Lawrence ArtsFest: Held in October, this event celebrates the uniqueness of the Lawrence arts scene
  • Maple Leaf Festival: A late October weekend event featuring crafts, food, and family fun
  • Downtown Outdoor Sculpture Exhibition
  • The University of Kansas School of Fine Arts Art and Design Gallery
  • The University Theatre
  • Kansas University Jazz Ensembles
  • Lawrence Indian Art Show/ Haskell Indian Art Market

The local sports scene is dominated by the University of Kansas Jayhawks, who consistently field top-rated men's basketball and football teams. The Jayhawks participate in the NCAA's Division I and belong to the Big 12 Conference. Jayhawk teams have won a total of nine NCAA Division I championships, including two in men's basketball, one in men's cross country, three in men's indoor track and field, and three in men's outdoor track and field. Major league professional sports are just 45 minutes away from Lawrence, in Kansas City, Missouri. Teams located there include the Kansas City Chiefs (National Football League), the Kansas City Royals (Major League Baseball), and the Kansas City Wizards (Major League Soccer).

Lawrence is a noted sports town for other reasons too. No other city in the United States can boast a more prominent role in basketball history. Although the game was invented in Springfield, Massachusetts, Lawrence is where basketball developed and grew. Dr. James Naismith, who invented the game of basketball in 1891, brought the sport to the University of Kansas seven years later when he became the school's first basketball coach. When Naismith retired in 1908, Forrest C. "Phog" Allen picked up where he left off, coaching for 39 seasons at the University, and becoming the school's winningest coach of all time and one of the nation's most successful coaches in the history of college basketball. IT boasts 13 Hall of Famers, 12 Olympians, 11 Final Four visits and two NCAA National Championship teams.

Demographics

People

Total Population92,611
Male Share of the Population49.5%
Female Share of the Population50.5%
Senior Citizens9.4%
Employed Population 16+50,297
Age of the Population27

Families

% of people married35%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher53.6%
Median Earnings25+$36,781
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$20,020
Median Earnings With High School Degree$26,297

Wealth

Median Family Income$74,701
% Above Poverty Level77.7%
% Below Poverty Level22.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time19 minutes
% Working from Home4%
% Walking and Biking to Work6.6%
% Using Public Transportation2.4%

Housing

People Living Alone34.1%
Median Gross Rent$850
Median House Value$177,600

Ancestry

German30.7%
Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)26.2%
Irish15%
English11.3%
French Except Basque3%
Italian2.8%
Swedish2.7%
Scottish2.5%
Polish2.3%
Norwegian1.8%
Welsh1.5%
Dutch1.3%
Czech1.1%
Danishn0.9%
Russian0.8%
Swiss0.6%
Canadian0.5%
African0.5%
Austrian0.4%
Turkish0.3%
Portuguese0.3%
Hungarian0.3%
Arab0.3%
Croatian0.3%
Brazilian0.3%
Greek0.3%
Ukrainian0.2%
Belgian0.2%
Lithuanian0.2%
West Indian0.2%
Jamaican0.1%
Iranian0.1%
US/American0.1%
Nigerian0.1%
Romanian0.1%
Bulgarian0.1%
Slovak0.1%
Finnish0.1%
Iraqi0.1%
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Lawrence Almanac

CategoryValue
County Douglas County
Standard Zip Codes66044, 66046, 66047, 66049
Company Zip Codes66045
Phone Area Codes785
Time ZoneAmerica/Chicago
Approximate Latitude39.02
Approximate Longitude-95.21

Lawrence Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationLAWRENCE
Distance1.7 miles
Jan Temp21 to 39 F
Apr Temp46 to 68 F
Jul Temp70 to 91 F
Oct Temp48 to 70 F
Annual Precip39.7 inches
StationPERRY LAKE
Distance14 miles
Jan Temp16 to 37 F
Apr Temp43 to 65 F
Jul Temp68 to 89 F
Oct Temp44 to 69 F
Annual Precip37.3 inches
StationOSKALOOSA 4 NE
Distance19.3 miles
Jan Temp18 to 36 F
Apr Temp44 to 66 F
Jul Temp68 to 89 F
Oct Temp46 to 68 F
Annual Precip38.2 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Baldwin City4,599$69,506
Eudora6,116$73,281
Lecompton567$52,396
Linwood391$50,833
Perry846$66,552

Lawrence Public Libraries

Lawrence Public Library
707 VERMONT STREET
Lawrence, Kansas
(785) 843-3833

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Lawrence Hospitals

Lawrence Memorial Hospital
(Government - Local)
325 Maine St
(913) 505-6100

Lawrence Public Schools

Pinckney Elem
810 W 6 Street
ZIP: 66044
(785) 832-5800
Primary
Total Enrollment 233
Hillcrest Elem
1045 Hilltop Dr
ZIP: 66044
(785) 832-5720
Primary
Total Enrollment 359
Woodlawn Elem
508 Elm St
ZIP: 66044
(785) 832-5920
Primary
Total Enrollment 217
New York Elem
936 New York Street
ZIP: 66044
(785) 832-5780
Primary
Total Enrollment 191
Cordley Elem
1837 Vermont St
ZIP: 66044
(785) 832-5640
Primary
Total Enrollment 269
Lawrence Liberty Memorial Central Mid School
1400 Massachusetts St
ZIP: 66044
(785) 832-5400
Middle
Total Enrollment 450
Schwegler Elem
2201 Ousdahl Rd
ZIP: 66046
(785) 832-5860
Primary
Total Enrollment 418
Kennedy Elem
1605 Davis Rd
ZIP: 66046
(785) 832-5760
Primary
Total Enrollment 428
Lawrence High
1901 Louisiana St
ZIP: 66046
(785) 832-5050
High
Total Enrollment 1460
Prairie Park Elem
2711 Kensington Road
ZIP: 66046
(785) 832-5740
Primary
Total Enrollment 376
Broken Arrow Elem
2704 Louisiana St
ZIP: 66046
(785) 832-5600
Primary
Total Enrollment 262
Lawrence South Middle School
2734 Louisiana St
ZIP: 66046
(785) 832-5450
Middle
Total Enrollment 575
Lawrence Virtual High School
1104 E 1000 Road
ZIP: 66047
(785) 832-5620
Lawrence Virtual School
1104 E 1000 Road
ZIP: 66047
(785) 832-5620
Other
Total Enrollment 1209
Sunflower Elementary
2521 Inverness Drive
ZIP: 66047
(785) 832-5870
Primary
Total Enrollment 490
Lawrence Southwest Middle School
2511 Inverness Drive
ZIP: 66047
(785) 832-5550
Middle
Total Enrollment 712
Sunset Hill Elem
901 Schwarz Rd
ZIP: 66049
(785) 832-5880
Primary
Total Enrollment 274
Deerfield Elem
101 Lawrence Avenue
ZIP: 66049
(785) 832-5660
Primary
Total Enrollment 531
Quail Run Elementary
1130 Inverness Drive
ZIP: 66049
(785) 832-5820
Primary
Total Enrollment 378
Lawrence Free State High
4700 Overland Drive
ZIP: 66049
(785) 832-6050
High
Total Enrollment 1574
Lawrence West Middle School
2700 Harvard Road
ZIP: 66049
(785) 832-5500
Middle
Total Enrollment 684
Langston Hughes Elem
1101 George Williams Way
ZIP: 66049
(785) 832-5890
Primary
Total Enrollment 549

Lawrence Private Schools

St John Catholic School
1208 Kentucky St
ZIP: 66044
Elementary
Total Enrollment 234
Veritas Christian School
256 N Michigan St
ZIP: 66044
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 134
Prairie Moon Waldorf School
1853 E 1600 Rd
ZIP: 66044
Elementary
Total Enrollment 51
Montessori Childrens House
1900 University Dr
ZIP: 66044
Elementary
Total Enrollment 2
Sunshine Acres Montessori School
2141 Maple Ln
ZIP: 66046
Elementary
Total Enrollment 3
Bishop Seabury Academy
4120 Clinton Pkwy
ZIP: 66047
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 170
Raintree Montessori School
4601 Clinton Pkwy
ZIP: 66047
Elementary
Total Enrollment 276
Corpus Christi Catholic School
6001 Bob Billings Pkwy
ZIP: 66049
Elementary
Total Enrollment 248
Sources :
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