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Overview

Introduction to Lexington Kentucky

Lexington, Kentucky is the second-largest city in Kentucky next to Louisville, and is located in the heart of the Bluegrass region. Lexington is known as the "Horse Capital of the World," since it is home to the Kentucky Horse Park, Keeneland race course and the Red Mile race course. The area is noted for its beautiful fertile soil; bluegrass (known as poa pratensis) is plentiful in the limestone rich soils. As a result, the city has an amazing natural beauty and excellent pastures with wonderful horse and stock farms. Numerous small creeks rise and flow into the Kentucky River. Since one of the biggest industries in Lexington is tourism, there are strict zoning regulations to protect the fertile farmlands. Lexington is a fine city for education. There are three public universities and five private colleges. The University of Kentucky is known for its diverse range of courses, including its cooperative extension service for Agricultural Studies, and its Department of Medicine. In addition, Lexington is a huge center of corporations, including two Fortune 500 companies. Amazon.com, Lexmark and Toyota are just a few of the major corporations located in this area. And, for peanut butter fans, Lexington's JIF peanut butter plant produces more peanut butter than any factory in the world!

The history of Lexington Kentucky is an interesting one. Lexington was founded in June 1775 in Virginia, seventeen years before Kentucky became a state. Daniel Boone was one of the first white men to explore the area and helped establish Kentucky's first forts. William McConnell, a leader of a group of frontiersmen, stopped at a campsite at what is now known as McConnell Springs, on the middle fork of Elkhorn Creek. Lexington was actually named after Lexington Massachusetts because the group was so inspired by the colonists' victory in the battle of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775. A blockhouse was built, cabins and houses soon followed.

The town of Lexington was established on May 6, 1782, by an act of the Virginia General Assembly. By 1820, Kentucky was one of the largest and wealthiest towns west of the Allegheny Mountains, and was named the "Athens of the West" because of its culture and rich lifestyle. John Wesley Hunt, an entrepreneur, became the first millionaire west of the Alleghenies. Also because of its wealth, Lexington had the highest number of slaves in the state. By 1850, so many slaves were being used as laborers, field hands and domestic servants in Kentucky that one fifth of the state's population were slaves. In spite of that, the state attempted to remain neutral during the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln was born in Kentucky, spent time in Lexington and his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln was born and raised in Lexington. In addition, Confederate President Jefferson Davis was also born in Kentucky (less than one year and 100 miles apart from Lincoln), and attended Transylvania University in 1823 and 1824.

Lexington Points of Interest

Lexington is known for its gentle rolling hills, lush scenery, strong economy and diverse workforce, but most of all for its beautiful thoroughbred horses. The Kentucky Derby is held in Louisville, but Lexington is where the thoroughbred horses are bred, foaled, trained, bought, sold, raced and retired. It is also where the Derby Eve parties are held. There are many horse farms to tour and explore. The Kentucky horse park is a 1,200-acre farm complex which includes a museum with films and interactive exhibits. It is actually a working farm which offers tours and includes a daily parade of breeds. You can also take a horse drawn carriage tour or saddle up yourself. Families can watch the thoroughbreds train at the Thoroughbred Center or visit past Kentucky Derby winners at private tours of the many horse farms in the area. Lexington has been selected to be the site of the 2010 World Equestrian Games.

In addition, Lexington is home to the University of Kentucky Wildcats, a basketball team that has made its mark as a leader in the nation. This team has the distinction of winning more games than any other team in college basketball history. In March of 2007, Lexington hosted the NCAA basketball tournament and attracted thousands of visitors throughout the country. The Kentucky Basketball Academy, located in Lexington, is one of the largest and most important sports facilities in the country, boasting five regulation basketball and volleyball courts. It is the home of all the AAU State Tournaments and provides basketball camps, leagues and tournaments for all ages. Lexington is proud of its basketball heritage and it continues to entertain the region with award winning games and top notch players in its premier facilities. Even the area code of Lexington (859) spells out UKY, University of Kentucky

People

Total Population
Male Share of the Population
Female Share of the Population
Senior Citizens
Employed Population 16+
Age of the Population

Families

% of people married
Average household size

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher
Median Earnings25+
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification
Median Earnings With High School Degree

Wealth

Median Family Income
% Above Poverty Level
% Below Poverty Level

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time
% Working from Home
% Walking and Biking to Work
% Using Public Transportation

Housing

People Living Alone
Median Gross Rent
Median House Value

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)
US/American
English
Irish

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Lexington Almanac

Category Value
County Fayette
Metro Area Lexington
Standard Zip Codes 40502, 40503, 40504, 40505, 40507, 40508, 40509, 40510, 40511, 40513, 40514, 40515, 40516, 40517
P.O. Box Zip Codes 40512, 40522, 40523, 40524, 40533, 40544, 40555, 40574, 40575, 40576, 40577, 40578, 40579, 40580, 40581, 40582, 40583, 40584, 40585, 40586, 40587, 40588, 40589, 40590, 40591, 40592, 40593, 40594, 40595, 40596
Company Zip Codes 40506, 40526, 40536, 40546, 40550, 40598
Phone Area Codes 859
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 37.988
Longitude -84.477

Lexington Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station LEXINGTON BLUE GRASS AP
Distance 7.3 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 40 F
Apr Temp 44 to 65 F
Jul Temp 66 to 86 F
Oct Temp 46 to 67 F
Annual Precip 45.9 inches
Station EASTERN KENTUCKY UNIV
Distance 18.3 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 41 F
Apr Temp 43 to 66 F
Jul Temp 66 to 86 F
Oct Temp 45 to 68 F
Annual Precip 46.3 inches
Station DIX DAM
Distance 18.4 miles
Jan Temp 26 to 43 F
Apr Temp 45 to 68 F
Jul Temp 67 to 87 F
Oct Temp 47 to 70 F
Annual Precip 45.7 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Georgetown 30,968 $67,122
Midway 1,733 $68,542
Nicholasville 28,843 $50,332
Versailles 8,985 $55,539
Wilmore 6,057 $48,528
Winchester 18,388 $49,435

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Lexington Public Libraries

Library
Lexington Public Library
140 EAST MAIN STREET
Lexington, Kentucky
(859) 231-5504
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Lexington Hospitals

CENTRAL BAPTIST HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
1740 NICHOLASVILLE RD
(859) 260-6100
Emergency Service: Yes

SAINT JOSEPH HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
ONE SAINT JOSEPH DRIVE
(859) 313-1695
Emergency Service: Yes

SAMARITAN HOSPITAL
(Proprietary)
310 S LIMESTONE ST
(859) 226-7000
Emergency Service: Yes

ST JOSEPH EAST
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
150 NORTH EAGLE CREEK DR
(859) 967-5000
Emergency Service: Yes

UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY HOSPITAL
(Government - State)
800 ROSE ST
(859) 323-5767
Emergency Service: Yes

Lexington VA Medical Center
(VA)
1101 Veterans Drive
(859) 233-4511
Emergency Service:

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Lexington High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

PAUL LAURENCE DUNBAR HIGH SCHOOL
1600 MAN O' WAR BLVD
859-381-3546
A Magnet School.
Serves 2,156 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.3

LAFAYETTE HIGH SCHOOL
401 REED LN
859-381-3474
A Magnet School.
Serves 1,927 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17

HENRY CLAY HIGH SCHOOL
2100 FONTAINE RD
859-381-3423
A Magnet School.
Serves 1,761 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.3

TATES CREEK HIGH SCHOOL
1111 CENTRE PKWY
859-381-3620
Serves 1,723 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.9

BRYAN STATION HIGH SCHOOL
1866 EDGEWORTH DR
859-381-3308
A Magnet School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,414 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.1

MARTIN L KING ACAD FOR EXCELLENCE ALT
2200 LIBERTY RD
859-381-4040
A Non-traditional School
Serves 187 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7.4

ALTERNATIVE PLACEMENT
701 EAST MAIN ST
606-381-4262
A Non-traditional School
Serves 82 students.

LEXINGTON DAY TREATMENT CENTER
115 CISCO RD
859-253-1581
A Non-traditional School
Serves 36 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7.2

FLORENCE CRITTENTON ALTERNATIVE SCHOOL
519 W FOURTH ST
859-252-8636
A Non-traditional School
Serves 25 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.4

RIDGE HOSPITAL ALT. HIGH SCHOOL
3050 RIO DOSA DR
859-269-2325
A Non-traditional School
Serves 23 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 115

BLUEGRASS ASSESSMENT ALTERNATIVE
692 NEWTOWN PK
859-225-3799
A Non-traditional School
Serves 19 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.3

SOUTHSIDE VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
1784 HARRODSBURG RD
859-381-3603
A Vocational School

EASTSIDE TECHNICAL CENTER
2208 LIBERTY RD
859-381-3740
A Vocational School

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