Overview

Introduction to Augusta, Maine

Augusta, located in Kennebec County is the capital of Maine and is situated near the Kennebec River. The city was named after Augusta Dearborn who was the daughter of the statesman Henry Dearborn who fought in the American Revolutionary War. In 1849 Augusta was chartered as a city.

History

In 1629 a community was established by English settlers who came from Plymouth Colony. The settlement was primarily a trading post and took the Indian name "Cushnoc" which translates to "head of tide." Fort Western, recognized as the oldest wooden fort in the country, was constructed at Cushnoc in 1754 and utilized as a supply depot and also provided protection for people living in the area. Benedict Arnold and his soldiers briefly stayed at the fort before moving on to partake in the Battle of Quebec.

The region offered very fertile soil for agriculture and the nearby streams were utilized for water power by industries in the Augusta area. The city became known as a mill town after the arrival of the Kennebec & Portland Railroad in 1851. The town also became a center for publishing and shipping. Maine was recognized as a state in 1870 and Augusta became the capital in 1827.

Activities

Augusta is home to some of the best golf courses in the state of Maine. The Kennebec Valley is well known for outdoor recreation, including bicycle riding, canoeing, fishing and hiking.

Attractions

There are numerous noteworthy sites in Augusta including:

  • The Maine State Museum features exhibits of Maine's natural history, archaeology, agricultural history, industrial history and natural resources
  • The Old Western Fort is recognized as a National Historic Landmark
  • The State Capital Building offers tours to the public
  • Belgrade Lakes
  • Maine Military Historical Society Museum
  • Children's Discovery Museum
  • The Pine Tree State Arboretum features more than 200 species of trees
  • Kennebec River Rail Trail
  • Augusta Civic Center
  • Historic Hallowell is known as "the gem of the Kennebec." It provides visitors with an atmosphere similar to an old world village.

Transportation

The city is served by the Augusta State Airport.

Higher Education

The University of Maine at Augusta offers students a wide variety of degrees and features the Danforth Art Gallery.

Demographics

People

Total Population18,626
Male Share of the Population48.3%
Female Share of the Population51.7%
Senior Citizens20.7%
Employed Population 16+8,658
Age of the Population45

Families

% of people married39.2%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher26.3%
Median Earnings25+$31,504
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$21,290
Median Earnings With High School Degree$23,228

Wealth

Median Family Income$58,125
% Above Poverty Level79%
% Below Poverty Level21%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time18 minutes
% Working from Home4.2%
% Walking and Biking to Work5%
% Using Public Transportation0.3%

Housing

People Living Alone39.6%
Median Gross Rent$695
Median House Value$142,600

Ancestry

French Except Basque21.8%
English20.7%
Irish19.2%
Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)15.3%
German9.5%
Canadian8.4%
Scottish5.6%
Italian5.1%
Polish2.2%
Arab1.3%
Swedish1.3%
Iraqi0.9%
Welsh0.9%
Russian0.9%
Dutch0.8%
Slovak0.7%
Norwegian0.6%
Finnish0.5%
Lebanese0.4%
African0.2%
Cape Verdean0.2%
Hungarian0.2%
Albanian0.2%
Greek0.2%
Danishn0.2%
West Indian0.1%
Jamaican0.1%
US/American0.1%
Ukrainian0.1%
Portuguese0.1%
Israeli0.1%
Iranian0.1%
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Augusta Almanac

CategoryValue
County Kennebec County
Standard Zip Codes4330
P.O. Box Zip Codes4332, 4338
Company Zip Codes4336, 4333
Phone Area Codes207
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude44.33
Approximate Longitude-69.72

Augusta Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationAUGUSTA AP
Distance1.1 miles
Jan Temp11 to 29 F
Apr Temp34 to 53 F
Jul Temp60 to 81 F
Oct Temp39 to 58 F
Annual Precip42.3 inches
StationGARDINER
Distance6.5 miles
Jan Temp7 to 29 F
Apr Temp33 to 52 F
Jul Temp58 to 80 F
Oct Temp37 to 58 F
Annual Precip43.9 inches
StationNEWCASTLE
Distance21.8 miles
Jan Temp12 to 30 F
Apr Temp34 to 53 F
Jul Temp58 to 79 F
Oct Temp39 to 57 F
Annual Precip46.9 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Farmingdale1,974$51,685
Gardiner5,672$58,984
Hallowell2,453$64,572

Augusta Public Libraries

Lithgow Public Library
45 WINTHROP STREET
Augusta, Maine
(207) 626-2415

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Augusta Hospitals

Riverview Psychiatric Center
(Government - State)
250 Arsenal Street
(207) 624-3900
Va Medical Center - Maine
(Government - Federal)
1 Va Center
Mainegeneral Medical Center
(Non-profit)
6 East Chestnut Street
(207) 626-1000
Phoenix House Of New England - Phoenix Academy Maine
(Non-profit)
49 Kamich Drive
(207) 622-7106

Augusta Public Schools

Capital Area Technical Center
40 Pierce Drive
ZIP: 4330
(207) 626-2475
Cony
60 Pierce Drive
ZIP: 4330
(207) 626-2460
High
Total Enrollment 1011
Farrington School
249 Eastern Avenue
ZIP: 4330
(207) 626-2480
Primary
Total Enrollment 352
Lillian Parks Hussey School
12 Gedney Street
ZIP: 4330
(207) 626-2461
Primary
Total Enrollment 284
Lincoln School
30 Lincoln Street
ZIP: 4330
(207) 626-2483
Primary
Total Enrollment 281
Sylvio J Gilbert School
1 Sunset Avenue
ZIP: 4330
(207) 626-2491
Primary
Total Enrollment 323

Augusta Private Schools

Dirigere Christian Academy
10 Wilson St
ZIP: 4330
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 26
St Michael School
56 Sewall St
ZIP: 4330
Elementary
Total Enrollment 223
Sources :
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