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Overview

Introduction to Augusta, Maine

Augusta, located in Kennebec County is the capital of Maine and is situated near the Kennebec River. The city was named after Augusta Dearborn who was the daughter of the statesman Henry Dearborn who fought in the American Revolutionary War. In 1849 Augusta was chartered as a city.

History

In 1629 a community was established by English settlers who came from Plymouth Colony. The settlement was primarily a trading post and took the Indian name "Cushnoc" which translates to "head of tide." Fort Western, recognized as the oldest wooden fort in the country, was constructed at Cushnoc in 1754 and utilized as a supply depot and also provided protection for people living in the area. Benedict Arnold and his soldiers briefly stayed at the fort before moving on to partake in the Battle of Quebec.

The region offered very fertile soil for agriculture and the nearby streams were utilized for water power by industries in the Augusta area. The city became known as a mill town after the arrival of the Kennebec & Portland Railroad in 1851. The town also became a center for publishing and shipping. Maine was recognized as a state in 1870 and Augusta became the capital in 1827.

Activities

Augusta is home to some of the best golf courses in the state of Maine. The Kennebec Valley is well known for outdoor recreation, including bicycle riding, canoeing, fishing and hiking.

Attractions

There are numerous noteworthy sites in Augusta including:

  • The Maine State Museum features exhibits of Maine's natural history, archaeology, agricultural history, industrial history and natural resources
  • The Old Western Fort is recognized as a National Historic Landmark
  • The State Capital Building offers tours to the public
  • Belgrade Lakes
  • Maine Military Historical Society Museum
  • Children's Discovery Museum
  • The Pine Tree State Arboretum features more than 200 species of trees
  • Kennebec River Rail Trail
  • Augusta Civic Center
  • Historic Hallowell is known as "the gem of the Kennebec." It provides visitors with an atmosphere similar to an old world village.

Transportation

The city is served by the Augusta State Airport.

Higher Education

The University of Maine at Augusta offers students a wide variety of degrees and features the Danforth Art Gallery.

Demographics

People

Total Population18,691
Male Share of the Population47.8%
Female Share of the Population52.2%
Senior Citizens20%
Employed Population 16+8,296
Age of the Population44

Families

% of people married40.9%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher26.1%
Median Earnings25+$31,633
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$21,278
Median Earnings With High School Degree$23,776

Wealth

Median Family Income$54,423
% Above Poverty Level78.2%
% Below Poverty Level21.8%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time17 minutes
% Working from Home3.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work4.5%
% Using Public Transportation0.2%

Housing

People Living Alone38.6%
Median Gross Rent$678
Median House Value$138,900

Ancestry

French Except Basque22.8%
English20.9%
Irish18%
Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)15.8%
Canadian8.5%
German8.3%
Italian5.4%
Scottish5.1%
Polish2.1%
Arab1.4%
Swedish1.3%
Iraqi1%
Russian0.9%
Welsh0.9%
Norwegian0.7%
Dutch0.7%
Finnish0.4%
Lebanese0.4%
Danishn0.3%
Slovak0.3%
Portuguese0.2%
Hungarian0.2%
Greek0.2%
US/American0.1%
West Indian0.1%
Jamaican0.1%
Ukrainian0.1%
Austrian0.1%
Israeli0.1%
Iranian0.1%
Lithuanian0.1%
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Augusta Almanac

CategoryValue
County Kennebec County
Standard Zip Codes4330
P.O. Box Zip Codes4332, 4338
Company Zip Codes4333, 4336
Phone Area Codes207
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude44.33
Approximate Longitude-69.72

Augusta Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationAUGUSTA AP
Distance1.1 miles
Jan Temp11 to 29 F
Apr Temp34 to 53 F
Jul Temp60 to 81 F
Oct Temp39 to 58 F
Annual Precip42.3 inches
StationGARDINER
Distance6.5 miles
Jan Temp7 to 29 F
Apr Temp33 to 52 F
Jul Temp58 to 80 F
Oct Temp37 to 58 F
Annual Precip43.9 inches
StationNEWCASTLE
Distance21.8 miles
Jan Temp12 to 30 F
Apr Temp34 to 53 F
Jul Temp58 to 79 F
Oct Temp39 to 57 F
Annual Precip46.9 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Chelsea2,710$63,403
Farmingdale1,953$29,643
Gardiner5,670$60,694
Hallowell2,427$80,300
Manchester2,554$78,906
West Gardiner3,393$74,643

Augusta Public Libraries

Lithgow Public Library
45 WINTHROP STREET
Augusta, Maine
(207) 626-2415

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More Information for Librarians

Augusta Hospitals

Va Medical Center - Maine
(Government - Federal)
1 Va Center
Riverview Psychiatric Center
(Government - State)
250 Arsenal Street
(207) 624-3900
Mainegeneral Medical Center
(Non-profit)
6 East Chestnut Street
(207) 626-1000
Phoenix House Of New England - Phoenix Academy Maine
(Non-profit)
49 Kamich Drive
(207) 622-7106

Augusta Public Schools

Sylvio J Gilbert School
1 Sunset Avenue
ZIP: 4330
(207) 626-2491
Primary
Total Enrollment 323
Cony
60 Pierce Drive
ZIP: 4330
(207) 626-2460
High
Total Enrollment 1011
Farrington School
249 Eastern Avenue
ZIP: 4330
(207) 626-2480
Primary
Total Enrollment 352
Capital Area Technical Center
40 Pierce Drive
ZIP: 4330
(207) 626-2475
Lillian Parks Hussey School
12 Gedney Street
ZIP: 4330
(207) 626-2461
Primary
Total Enrollment 284
Lincoln School
30 Lincoln Street
ZIP: 4330
(207) 626-2483
Primary
Total Enrollment 281

Augusta Private Schools

St Michael School
56 Sewall St
ZIP: 4330
Elementary
Total Enrollment 223
Dirigere Christian Academy
10 Wilson St
ZIP: 4330
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 26
Sources :
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Info for Augusta Government Officials


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