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Overview

Introduction to Cumberland, Maryland

Cumberland, Maryland, in Allegany county, is 74 miles W of Frederick, Maryland and 85 miles SE of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The city is home to some 21,518 residents.

Cumberland History

Cumberland was established in 1787 and officially incorporated in 1815. The community was named in honor of Prince William, the Duke of Cumberland and the son of King George II. It was originally the site of Old Fort Cumberland, an immensely important site at the time of the French and Indian War which also served as Colonel George Washington’s outpost. His first military headquarters was constructed in the same place. Cumberland is the county seat of Allegany County, which was established in 1789.

Cumberland and nearby Attractions

  • George Washington's Office Museum
  • Green Ridge State Forest
  • Western Maryland Scenic Railroad
  • Willa Cather Birthplace
  • Holsopple Train Station
  • Big Run State Park

Things To Do In Cumberland

A walk along the heritage Western Maryland Scenic Railroad enables people to take a look around historic sites and attractions like the Allegany County Museum, the Canal Place Heritage Area, the Gordon-Roberts House and the C&O Canal. The railroad also operates excursion trains, specialty trains and murder mystery trains. The Thrasher Carriage Museum showcases collections of horse-drawn vehicles together with sleighs, carts and funeral wagons. The Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters Museum, George Washington's Office Museum, the Shenandoah Valley Discovery Museum and the Fort Bedford Museum are some other nearby museums and historical sites. Local parks include the Herrington Manor State Park, the Casselman River Bridge State Park, the Laurel Mountain State Park, Warriors Path State Park and Kooser State Park. In addition, the community hosts annual festivals like Oktoberfest, Heritage Days and the Canal Fest/ Rail Fest.

Cumberland Transportation

Washington Dulles International is the closest major airport.

Cumberland Higher Education

Cumberland is home to the Allegany College of Maryland. Frostburg State University, Lord Fairfax Community College and Shepherd College are all close by as well.

Demographics

People

Total Population20,290
Male Share of the Population48.1%
Female Share of the Population51.9%
Senior Citizens19.1%
Employed Population 16+7,971
Age of the Population41

Families

% of people married40.8%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher17.7%
Median Earnings25+$27,665
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$20,744
Median Earnings With High School Degree$20,621

Wealth

Median Family Income$46,809
% Above Poverty Level76%
% Below Poverty Level24%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time17 minutes
% Working from Home2.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work6.1%
% Using Public Transportation1.1%

Housing

People Living Alone39.3%
Median Gross Rent$593
Median House Value$87,700

Ancestry

German29.7%
Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)18.3%
Irish17.5%
English8.3%
Italian6.9%
Scottish2.3%
Dutch2.1%
Polish1.8%
French Except Basque1.5%
Welsh1.2%
Swedish1.1%
Greek1.1%
Russian0.9%
African0.5%
Austrian0.4%
Ukrainian0.4%
West Indian0.4%
Swiss0.4%
Jamaican0.4%
Norwegian0.3%
Slovak0.2%
Portuguese0.2%
Arab0.2%
Hungarian0.2%
Czech0.2%
Lithuanian0.2%
Canadian0.1%
Syrian0.1%
Romanian0.1%
Finnish0.1%
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Cumberland Almanac

CategoryValue
County Allegany County
Standard Zip Codes21502
P.O. Box Zip Codes21501, 21503, 21504, 21505
Phone Area Codes240, 301
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude39.65
Approximate Longitude-78.76

Cumberland Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationCUMBERLAND 2
Distance1.5 miles
Jan Temp21 to 40 F
Apr Temp39 to 67 F
Jul Temp62 to 87 F
Oct Temp40 to 67 F
Annual Precip37.2 inches
StationSAVAGE RIVER DAM
Distance21.9 miles
Jan Temp19 to 33 F
Apr Temp37 to 58 F
Jul Temp60 to 80 F
Oct Temp40 to 60 F
Annual Precip39.5 inches
StationSTOYSTOWN
Distance32.5 miles
Jan Temp15 to 33 F
Apr Temp34 to 58 F
Jul Temp57 to 79 F
Oct Temp37 to 60 F
Annual Precip41.3 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Barton497$47,143
Frostburg8,718$72,500
Grantsville711$45,156
Lonaconing1,214$46,731
Midland691$58,333
Westernport1,921$53,889

Cumberland Public Libraries

Allegany County Library System
31 WASHINGTON ST
Cumberland, Maryland
(301) 777-1200

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Cumberland Hospitals

Thomas B Finan Center
(Government - State)
Country Club Road Po Box 1722
(301) 777-2240
Western Maryland Regional Medical Center
(Non-profit)
12500 Willowbrook Road
(240) 964-2196

Cumberland Public Schools

Allegany High
616 Sedgwick St
ZIP: 21502
(301) 777-8110
High
Total Enrollment 671
Bel Air Elementary
14401 Barton Blvd
ZIP: 21502
(301) 729-2992
Primary
Total Enrollment 213
Braddock Middle
909 Holland St
ZIP: 21502
(301) 777-7990
Middle
Total Enrollment 576
Fort Hill High
500 Greenway Ave
ZIP: 21502
(301) 777-2570
High
Total Enrollment 762
John Humbird Elementary
120 Mary St
ZIP: 21502
(301) 724-8842
Primary
Total Enrollment 309
Northeast Elementary
11001 Forest Ave Ne
ZIP: 21502
(301) 724-3285
Primary
Total Enrollment 316
South Penn Elementary
500 E 2nd St
ZIP: 21502
(301) 777-1755
Primary
Total Enrollment 528
Washington Middle
200 Massachusetts Ave
ZIP: 21502
(301) 777-5360
Middle
Total Enrollment 669
West Side Elementary
425 Paca St
ZIP: 21502
(301) 724-0340
Primary
Total Enrollment 399

Cumberland Private Schools

Beginnings - A Montessori Preschool & Kindergarten
205 Baltimore St
ZIP: 21502
Elementary
Total Enrollment 10
Bishop Walsh School
700 Bishop Walsh Rd
ZIP: 21502
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 404
Lighthouse Christian Academy
2020 Bedford St
ZIP: 21502
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 106
The Jefferson School At Finan Center
10102 Country Club Rd Se Cottage A
ZIP: 21502
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 45
Sources :
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