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Overview

Introduction to Frederick, Maryland

The city of Frederick, county seat of Frederick County, Maryland, lies about 50 miles west of Baltimore and roughly the same distance northwest of Washington, D.C. Major highways servicing the city include Interstates I-70 and I-270, and U.S. Routes 15, 40, and 340.

Founded in 1745 by English and German settlers, Frederick (originally called Fredericktown) began as a frontier town servicing wagon trains blazing the initial trails across the Allegheny Mountains. The starting place for the career of Star Spangled Banner poet Francis Scott Key, Frederick later became a natural crossroads for troop movements during the Civil War. Up until World War I, Frederick was largely a farming community and a local center for agricultural trade. Things began to change, especially after World War II, with the establishment of Fort Detrick, a center of biological warfare research, and the building of the interstate roads system, leading to growth in residential areas by workers who commuted to jobs in other cities. Frederick today is one of Maryland’s largest cities, boasting a stable quality of life and an expanding economic and cultural base.

Frederick Arts and Entertainment

Frederick's downtown historic district has a wealth of shops, eateries, and museums for residents and visitors to enjoy. The National Museum of Civil War Medicine is located here, as is the Barbara Fritchie House and Museum, former home of the woman memorialized in an 1864 poem by John Greenleaf Whittier as having waved the Stars and Stripes in defiance of Confederate commander Stonewall Jackson and his troops during their march through downtown Frederick. Also in Frederick is the Schifferstadt Architectural Museum, the city's oldest building and one of the nation's best examples of early German-Colonial Architecture. Another Frederick institution, the Delaplaine Visual Arts Education Center, includes a gallery with monthly changing exhibits and classroom/studio spaces for drawing, painting, crafts, photography, wood, printmaking, and ceramics. The Weinberg Center for the Arts showcases performing arts through a wide range of dramatic, musical, and educational programs. Frederick also boasts The Frederick Symphony Orchestra, a community orchestra which performs five concerts of classical masterpieces per year.

Throughout the year, the city hosts several celebrations and activities, such as the Summer Concert Series held throughout the months of June, July, and August. "Frederick's 4th" is the city's annual Independence Day celebration, and the month of December is a festive one, with celebrations such as the Candlelight House Tour and the Festival of Lights. One of the more unique attractions in Frederick is the Community Bridge (also called the "Mural Bridge"); a concrete bridge constructed to yield the stunning illusion of an old stone bridge. The entire structure was painted by hand using advanced "trompe l'oeil" (deception of the eye) techniques and yet contains ideas and symbols offered by thousands of local and international contributors.

Baseball fans in Frederick have a local professional team to root for. The Frederick Keys, named for Frederick County native Francis Scott Key, are the Class High-A minor league affiliate of Major League Baseball's Baltimore Orioles. The Keys are members of the Carolina League and play their games in Harry Grove Stadium. Major league pro sports can be found an hour away in either the Baltimore or Washington, D.C. areas. Local Baltimore teams include:

  • Baltimore Orioles (MLB baseball)
  • Baltimore Ravens (NFL football)
  • Baltimore Blast (MISL soccer)
  • Baltimore Bayhawks (MLL lacrosse)
  • Baltimore Pearls (ABA basketball)

Washington pro teams include the following:

  • Washington Nationals (MLB baseball)
  • Washington Capitals (NHL hockey)
  • Washington Wizards (NBA basketball)
  • Washington Mystics (WNBA basketball)
  • DC United (MLS soccer)

People

Total Population 67,421
Male Share of the Population 47.9%
Female Share of the Population 52.1%
Senior Citizens 11.6%
Employed Population 16+ 35,470
Age of the Population 35

Families

% of people married 44.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 37.7%
Median Earnings25+ $41,562
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $22,620
Median Earnings With High School Degree $28,090

Wealth

Median Family Income $75,086
% Above Poverty Level 88.6%
% Below Poverty Level 11.4%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 32 minutes
% Working from Home 5.8%
% Walking and Biking to Work 5.1%
% Using Public Transportation 4.1%

Housing

People Living Alone 31.4%
Median Gross Rent $1,250
Median House Value $239,600

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 41.2%
US/American 0%
English 7.4%
Irish 12.3%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Frederick Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 41 miles NW of Washington, District of Columbia
County Frederick
Standard Zip Codes 21701, 21702, 21703, 21704
P.O. Box Zip Codes 21705
Company Zip Codes 21709
Phone Area Codes 301
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 39.414
Longitude -77.41

Frederick Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station FREDERICK POLICE BRKS
Distance 1.2 miles
Jan Temp 25 to 42 F
Apr Temp 44 to 67 F
Jul Temp 67 to 89 F
Oct Temp 47 to 68 F
Annual Precip 40.6 inches
Station CATOCTIN MOUNTAIN PARK
Distance 16.8 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 37 F
Apr Temp 41 to 63 F
Jul Temp 64 to 82 F
Oct Temp 45 to 64 F
Annual Precip 49.1 inches
Station KEARNEYSVILLE
Distance 25.3 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 39 F
Apr Temp 39 to 64 F
Jul Temp 62 to 86 F
Oct Temp 39 to 66 F
Annual Precip 40.4 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Frederick, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

College Estates (21702)

Fort Detrick (21702)

Hood College (21701)

Lewistown (21701)

Urbana (21704)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Burkittsville 150 $89,375
Middletown 4,432 $128,218
Myersville 1,812 $126,250
New Market 951 $124,306
Walkersville 5,965 $99,048
Woodsboro 1,168 $101,458

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Frederick Public Libraries

Library
Frederick County Public Libraries
110 EAST PATRICK STREET
Frederick, Maryland
(301) 694-1613
Library Web Site

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Frederick Hospitals

FREDERICK MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
400 WEST SEVENTH ST
(240) 566-3300
Emergency Service: Yes

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Frederick High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

GOV. THOMAS JOHNSON HIGH
1501 N MARKET ST
240-236-8200
Serves 1,925 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18

FREDERICK HIGH
650 CARROLL PKY
240-236-7000
Serves 1,541 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17

LINGANORE HIGH
12013 OLD ANNAPOLIS RD
240-236-7800
Serves 1,500 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.9

TUSCARORA HIGH
5312 BALLENGER CREEK PK
240-236-6400
Serves 693 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19

HEATHER RIDGE HIGH SCHOOL
1445 TANEY AVE
240-236-8000
A Special Education School
Serves 103 students.

FREDERICK COUNTY CAREER & TECHNOLOGY CENTER
7922 OPOSSUMTOWN PIKE
240-236-8500
A Vocational School

Frederick Colleges

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Additional Details
Frederick Colleges
Frederick colleges and trade schools.
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