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Boston Employment

Employment and Industries in the Boston, Massachusetts Area

The big drivers of the economy in and around Boston are education, health care and life sciences (which represents at least one in six jobs in Boston), finance, and technology (both computer/software technology as well as biotechnology). The education industry in the Boston area has a major impact on the region's economy. Not only are educational institutions major employers, but they also attract high-technology industries to the region and act as incubators for many of the regions new and up-and-coming businesses.

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Boston receives the highest amount of annual funding from the NIH of all cities in the United States. According to data presented by the Boston Indicators Project, the Boston area, and Massachusetts as a whole, also receive a tremendous amount of federal R&D funding. Federal spending in academic/nonprofit research institutions was over four and a half billion dollars in 2002. This ranked Massachusetts second only to California in absolute federal spending.

Metropolitan Boston has a highly educated work force. It ranks in the top 16% nationally for college educated adults when compared to similar size cities across the United States. Higher education attainment rates (people holding a bachelors degree or higher) in Boston are in excess of 35%, according 2000 data from the US Department of Commerce. This ranks Boston 5th among large US cities for bachelor’s degree holders. The attainment rate is even higher in the region surrounding Boston with higher education attainment rates as high as 40%.

Boston is also the capital of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and the regional headquarters for many federal agencies making government another large industry in and around Boston. The Port of Boston is also one of the oldest industrial and fishing ports in North America and is a major east coast seaport.

Because of its rich colonial and American Revolution history, eastern Massachusetts and the Boston are are also major tourist destinations. Boston is home to four major convention centers, the Hynes Convention Center, the Bayside Expo Center, the World Trade Center Boston, and the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center.

Some of the major business/education organizations in and around Boston include:

Some major employers and companies of note in the Boston Area include:

  • The Boston region's 74 colleges and universities servicing a total student enrollment of more than 265,000
  • The Boston region's major hospitals including Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston Medical Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Children's Hospital, the Dana Farber Cancer Institute, the Lahey Clinic, The Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Massachusetts General Hospital, the New England Medical Center, and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, and more
  • A substantial number of biotechnology companies including companies such as Alkermes, Biogen IDEC, Genzyme, Novartis, Transkaryotic Therapies, and Wyeth
  • Boston Scientific Corporation
  • Cambridge Technology Partners
  • The Commonwealth of Massachusetts (state government)
  • EMC Corporation
  • Fidelity Investments
  • Harvard Pilgrim Healthcare
  • Gillette, now part of Procter & Gamble
  • Iron Mountain Incorporated
  • Novell
  • NSTAR
  • Raytheon Corporation
  • Staples, Inc.
  • Teradyne, Inc.
  • TJX Companies, Inc.

The Boston Business Journal is an excellent publication to help individuals keep their fingers on the pulse of business in the Boston area.

Jobs in Boston

Rank Title Total Employees Local Mean Salary (Per Year) Local Mean Salary (Per hour) National Growth % 2014-2024
1 All Occupations 2677320 $64080 $30.81 100
2 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 385060 $44080 $21.19 14.8
3 Sales and Related Occupations 256150 $51000 $24.52 10.15
4 Management Occupations 221280 $135750 $65.27 6.05
5 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 215340 $28230 $13.57 8.3
6 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 175460 $94810 $45.58 5.75
7 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 174790 $65650 $31.56 6.15
8 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 169270 $85730 $41.22 5.05
9 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 133660 $98380 $47.3 2.8
10 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 132410 $38800 $18.65 6.45
11 Production Occupations 107150 $40760 $19.59 5.85
12 Construction and Extraction Occupations 89110 $62970 $30.28 4.4
13 Personal Care and Service Occupations 88940 $32600 $15.67 4.1
14 Healthcare Support Occupations 80970 $34950 $16.8 3.05
15 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 80540 $35720 $17.17 3.7
16 Retail Salespersons 80390 $28220 $13.57 3.1
17 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 75060 $55140 $26.51 3.8
18 Registered Nurses 62040 $92570 $44.51 1.9
19 Protective Service Occupations 61390 $54800 $26.35 2.25
20 General and Operations Managers 56510 $141220 $67.9 1.4
21 Cashiers 55070 $24010 $11.54 2.25
22 Community and Social Service Occupations 52240 $48530 $23.33 1.65
23 Customer Service Representatives 49190 $42980 $20.67 1.75
24 Office Clerks, General 47070 $39450 $18.97 2
25 Waiters and Waitresses 45930 $28870 $13.88 1.6
26 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 43820 $34770 $16.71 1.6
27 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 41250 $66600 $32.02 1.7
28 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 40780 $80100 $38.51 0.9
29 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 40560 $24600 $11.83 2.15
30 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 37850 $29160 $14.02 1.2
31 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 33890 $45920 $22.08 1.6
32 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 32310 $46050 $22.14 1.1
33 Accountants and Auditors 30900 $83830 $40.3 0.9
34 Software Developers, Applications 30760 $110830 $53.29 0.5
35 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers 29630 $64730 $31.12 1
36 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 27460 $31540 $15.16 1.6
37 Software Developers, Systems Software 26880 $115710 $55.63 0.3
38 Nursing Assistants 26000 $31410 $15.1 1.05
39 Personal Care Aides 25920 $28060 $13.49 1.3
40 Legal Occupations 25910 $126290 $60.72 0.8
41 Financial Managers 24940 $144620 $69.53 0.4
42 Home Health Aides 22530 $29250 $14.06 0.7
43 Cooks, Restaurant 22430 $29490 $14.18 0.75
44 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 21440 $22600 $10.87 0.3
45 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers 20300 $48650 $23.39 1
46 Management Analysts 20090 $108760 $52.29 0.5
47 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 19650 $81470 $39.17 1
48 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants 18400 $62960 $30.27 0.5
49 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists 18300 $80580 $38.74 0.35
50 Security Guards 17840 $32120 $15.44 0.7
51 Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers 17280 $37490 $18.02 0.6
52 Computer User Support Specialists 17030 $63980 $30.76 0.4
53 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 17020 $102960 $49.5 0.2
54 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers 16910 $50680 $24.37 1.2
55 Medical Secretaries 16590 $42810 $20.58 0.4
56 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 16410 $46430 $22.32 0.9
57 Receptionists and Information Clerks 15770 $32450 $15.6 0.7
58 Lawyers 15610 $163430 $78.57 0.5
59 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 14790 $34720 $16.69 0.8
60 Construction Laborers 14750 $54710 $26.3 0.8
61 Computer and Information Systems Managers 14390 $154660 $74.36 0.25
62 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 13730 $31250 $15.02 1
63 Sales Managers 12890 $155550 $74.78 0.2
64 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 12830 $36610 $17.6 0.3
65 First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 12810 $40330 $19.39 0.6
66 Computer Systems Analysts 12650 $94670 $45.52 0.4
67 Carpenters 12620 $61860 $29.74 0.6
68 Social and Human Service Assistants 12450 $35590 $17.11 0.3
69 Medical Assistants 12380 $39640 $19.06 0.45
70 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers 12260 $68800 $33.08 0.45
71 Human Resources Specialists 12180 $76910 $36.98 0.3
72 Electricians 12170 $67150 $32.28 0.4
73 Bartenders 12120 $31300 $15.05 0.4
74 Food Preparation Workers 11940 $26680 $12.83 0.6
75 Financial Analysts 11760 $97200 $46.73 0.2
76 Packers and Packagers, Hand 11660 $25940 $12.47 0.45
77 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 11470 $46810 $22.5 0.5
78 Dishwashers 11390 $24400 $11.73 0.3
79 Team Assemblers 11220 $32870 $15.8 0.75
80 Marketing Managers 10790 $144610 $69.52 0.1
81 Administrative Services Managers 10710 $108980 $52.39 0.2
82 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 10700 $37510 $18.03 0.4
83 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 10320 $56560 $27.19 0.5
84 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 10220 $129730 $62.37 0.2
85 Childcare Workers 10080 $27700 $13.32 0.8
86 Medical and Health Services Managers 9540 $126450 $60.79 0.2
87 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 9370 $35470 $17.05 0.4
88 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 9120 $94850 $45.6 0.1
89 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 9080 $180120 $86.6 0.2
90 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 9050 $91000 $43.75 0.3
91 Bus Drivers, School or Special Client 8850 $33570 $16.14 0.3
92 Chief Executives 8770 $223470 $107.44 0.2
93 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 8710 $69260 $33.3 0.3
94 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 8560 $24960 $12 0.25
95 Electrical Engineers 8490 $110100 $52.93 0.1
96 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 8270 $85240 $40.98 0.4
97 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 8220 $52800 $25.39 0.2
98 Firefighters 8030 $64020 $30.78 0.2
99 Driver/Sales Workers 7820 $32750 $15.75 0.3
100 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 7800 $47880 $23.02 0.25
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Additional Details

Boston Colleges
Boston colleges and trade schools.
Boston Graduate Schools
Boston Graduate and Business Schools

Jobs More Common Near Boston Than Most Other Cities

* Average job popularity for metro areas = 1.0

Title Mean Local Salary Local Jobs
All Occupations 64,080 2,677,320
Office and Administrative Support Occupations 44,080 385,060
Sales and Related Occupations 51,000 256,150
Management Occupations 135,750 221,280
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 28,230 215,340
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 94,810 175,460
Education, Training, and Library Occupations 65,650 174,790
Business and Financial Operations Occupations 85,730 169,270
Computer and Mathematical Occupations 98,380 133,660
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 38,800 132,410
Production Occupations 40,760 107,150
Construction and Extraction Occupations 62,970 89,110
Personal Care and Service Occupations 32,600 88,940
Healthcare Support Occupations 34,950 80,970
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 35,720 80,540
Retail Salespersons 28,220 80,390
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 55,140 75,060
Registered Nurses 92,570 62,040
Protective Service Occupations 54,800 61,390
General and Operations Managers 141,220 56,510
Cashiers 24,010 55,070
Community and Social Service Occupations 48,530 52,240
Customer Service Representatives 42,980 49,190
Office Clerks, General 39,450 47,070
Waiters and Waitresses 28,870 45,930
Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 34,770 43,820
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 66,600 41,250
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 80,100 40,780
Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 24,600 40,560
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 29,160 37,850
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 45,920 33,890
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 46,050 32,310
Accountants and Auditors 83,830 30,900
Software Developers, Applications 110,830 30,760
First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers 64,730 29,630
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 31,540 27,460
Software Developers, Systems Software 115,710 26,880
Nursing Assistants 31,410 26,000
Personal Care Aides 28,060 25,920
Legal Occupations 126,290 25,910
Financial Managers 144,620 24,940
Home Health Aides 29,250 22,530
Cooks, Restaurant 29,490 22,430
Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 22,600 21,440
First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers 48,650 20,300
Management Analysts 108,760 20,090
Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 81,470 19,650
Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants 62,960 18,400
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists 80,580 18,300
Security Guards 32,120 17,840

Work Paying Relatively Well in the Boston, Massachusetts Metro Area (2008 data)

* Average Salary Index for metro areas = 1.0

Title Mean Local Salary Local Jobs
All Occupations 64,080 2,677,320
Office and Administrative Support Occupations 44,080 385,060
Sales and Related Occupations 51,000 256,150
Management Occupations 135,750 221,280
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 28,230 215,340
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 94,810 175,460
Education, Training, and Library Occupations 65,650 174,790
Business and Financial Operations Occupations 85,730 169,270
Computer and Mathematical Occupations 98,380 133,660
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 38,800 132,410
Production Occupations 40,760 107,150
Construction and Extraction Occupations 62,970 89,110
Personal Care and Service Occupations 32,600 88,940
Healthcare Support Occupations 34,950 80,970
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 35,720 80,540
Retail Salespersons 28,220 80,390
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 55,140 75,060
Registered Nurses 92,570 62,040
Protective Service Occupations 54,800 61,390
General and Operations Managers 141,220 56,510
Community and Social Service Occupations 48,530 52,240
Customer Service Representatives 42,980 49,190
Office Clerks, General 39,450 47,070
Waiters and Waitresses 28,870 45,930
Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 34,770 43,820
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 66,600 41,250
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 80,100 40,780
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 29,160 37,850
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 45,920 33,890
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 46,050 32,310
Accountants and Auditors 83,830 30,900
Software Developers, Applications 110,830 30,760
First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers 64,730 29,630
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 31,540 27,460
Software Developers, Systems Software 115,710 26,880
Nursing Assistants 31,410 26,000
Personal Care Aides 28,060 25,920
Legal Occupations 126,290 25,910
Financial Managers 144,620 24,940
Home Health Aides 29,250 22,530
Cooks, Restaurant 29,490 22,430
First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers 48,650 20,300
Management Analysts 108,760 20,090
Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 81,470 19,650
Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants 62,960 18,400
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists 80,580 18,300
Security Guards 32,120 17,840
Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers 37,490 17,280
Computer User Support Specialists 63,980 17,030
Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 102,960 17,020

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