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Boston Employment

Employment and Industries in the Boston, Massachusetts Area

The big drivers of the economy in and around Boston are education, health care and life sciences (which represents at least one in six jobs in Boston), finance, and technology (both computer/software technology as well as biotechnology). The education industry in the Boston area has a major impact on the region's economy. Not only are educational institutions major employers, but they also attract high-technology industries to the region and act as incubators for many of the regions new and up-and-coming businesses.

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Boston receives the highest amount of annual funding from the NIH of all cities in the United States. According to data presented by the Boston Indicators Project, the Boston area, and Massachusetts as a whole, also receive a tremendous amount of federal R&D funding. Federal spending in academic/nonprofit research institutions was over four and a half billion dollars in 2002. This ranked Massachusetts second only to California in absolute federal spending.

Metropolitan Boston has a highly educated work force. It ranks in the top 16% nationally for college educated adults when compared to similar size cities across the United States. Higher education attainment rates (people holding a bachelors degree or higher) in Boston are in excess of 35%, according 2000 data from the US Department of Commerce. This ranks Boston 5th among large US cities for bachelor’s degree holders. The attainment rate is even higher in the region surrounding Boston with higher education attainment rates as high as 40%.

Boston is also the capital of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and the regional headquarters for many federal agencies making government another large industry in and around Boston. The Port of Boston is also one of the oldest industrial and fishing ports in North America and is a major east coast seaport.

Because of its rich colonial and American Revolution history, eastern Massachusetts and the Boston are are also major tourist destinations. Boston is home to four major convention centers, the Hynes Convention Center, the Bayside Expo Center, the World Trade Center Boston, and the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center.

Some of the major business/education organizations in and around Boston include:

Some major employers and companies of note in the Boston Area include:

  • The Boston region's 74 colleges and universities servicing a total student enrollment of more than 265,000
  • The Boston region's major hospitals including Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston Medical Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Children's Hospital, the Dana Farber Cancer Institute, the Lahey Clinic, The Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Massachusetts General Hospital, the New England Medical Center, and St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, and more
  • A substantial number of biotechnology companies including companies such as Alkermes, Biogen IDEC, Genzyme, Novartis, Transkaryotic Therapies, and Wyeth
  • Boston Scientific Corporation
  • Cambridge Technology Partners
  • The Commonwealth of Massachusetts (state government)
  • EMC Corporation
  • Fidelity Investments
  • Harvard Pilgrim Healthcare
  • Gillette, now part of Procter & Gamble
  • Iron Mountain Incorporated
  • Novell
  • NSTAR
  • Raytheon Corporation
  • Staples, Inc.
  • Teradyne, Inc.
  • TJX Companies, Inc.

The Boston Business Journal is an excellent publication to help individuals keep their fingers on the pulse of business in the Boston area.

Jobs in Boston

RankTitleTotal EmployeesLocal Mean Salary (Per Year)Local Mean Salary (Per hour)National Growth % 2014-2024
1All Occupations2726490$65,420$31.45100
2Office and Administrative Support Occupations387620$44,760$21.5214.35
3Sales and Related Occupations251570$50,740$24.399.9
4Management Occupations230560$138,530$66.66.15
5Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations221620$30,050$14.458.55
6Education, Training, and Library Occupations179290$66,800$32.126.05
7Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations178950$99,040$47.625.8
8Business and Financial Operations Occupations173620$86,770$41.725.25
9Transportation and Material Moving Occupations136780$40,520$19.486.55
10Computer and Mathematical Occupations133070$97,870$47.062.9
11Production Occupations107880$42,160$20.275.7
12Personal Care and Service Occupations106010$33,630$16.174.3
13Construction and Extraction Occupations92730$62,810$30.24.45
14Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations80250$36,730$17.663.65
15Retail Salespersons76880$29,550$14.212.85
16Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations75350$56,310$27.073.8
17Healthcare Support Occupations75330$36,380$17.493
18Protective Service Occupations60930$56,950$27.382.2
19Registered Nurses60260$92,180$44.321.95
20General and Operations Managers59570$142,840$68.671.5
21Cashiers55760$25,240$12.142.2
22Community and Social Service Occupations52130$49,830$23.961.65
23Customer Service Representatives51180$43,780$21.051.75
24Waiters and Waitresses48950$30,590$14.711.7
25Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food47500$26,270$12.632.3
26Office Clerks, General44650$40,220$19.331.9
27Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners44300$35,900$17.261.55
28Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations43610$84,420$40.590.8
29Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations42850$65,620$31.551.8
30Personal Care Aides42020$28,840$13.861.5
31Stock Clerks and Order Fillers38460$30,290$14.561.3
32Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks34940$46,950$22.571.05
33Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive34160$46,310$22.271.5
34First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers30370$65,360$31.420.95
35Accountants and Auditors30350$81,860$39.360.9
36Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand29190$33,460$16.091.7
37Financial Managers26490$147,590$70.960.4
38Legal Occupations25970$126,710$60.920.8
39Software Developers, Systems Software25770$116,060$55.80.3
40Nursing Assistants25590$32,960$15.851
41Cooks, Restaurant22340$31,440$15.110.8
42Management Analysts20820$115,900$55.720.5
43First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers20030$47,970$23.061
44Home Health Aides19160$30,870$14.840.7
45Medical Secretaries19060$43,550$20.940.4
46Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products18300$78,800$37.880.9
47Computer User Support Specialists18080$62,510$30.060.4
48Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists17990$78,630$37.80.4
49Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers17840$51,420$24.721.2
50Security Guards17780$34,480$16.580.7
51Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products17260$98,280$47.250.2
52Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants17050$63,260$30.410.35
53Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop16890$25,390$12.210.3
54Maintenance and Repair Workers, General16840$48,220$23.180.9
55Receptionists and Information Clerks15850$32,400$15.580.7
56Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers15820$39,690$19.080.6
57Lawyers15820$161,590$77.690.5
58Computer and Information Systems Managers14940$157,440$75.690.2
59Construction Laborers14860$53,670$25.80.8
60Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other, Including Team Assemblers14490$33,840$16.270
61Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners14200$32,530$15.640.9
62Packers and Packagers, Hand13920$27,210$13.080.45
63Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education13880$38,060$18.30.3
64Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers13850$36,270$17.440.8
65First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers13830$40,520$19.480.6
66Sales Managers13670$156,180$75.090.2
67Computer Systems Analysts13320$93,520$44.960.4
68Human Resources Specialists13280$77,440$37.230.35
69Carpenters13120$61,760$29.690.7
70Bartenders12850$31,040$14.920.4
71Electricians12490$65,640$31.560.4
72Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers12340$70,400$33.850.4
73Physicians and Surgeons, All Other12090$193,690$93.120.25
74Food Preparation Workers11920$28,830$13.860.6
75Marketing Managers11520$149,420$71.840.1
76Business Operations Specialists, All Other11430$87,040$41.840.7
77Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics11380$45,600$21.920.5
78Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents11190$115,390$55.480.2
79Financial Analysts11170$98,230$47.230.2
80Social and Human Service Assistants11120$35,160$16.90.25
81Dishwashers11110$26,720$12.850.3
82Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses11100$59,850$28.770.5
83Administrative Services Managers10750$113,340$54.490.2
84Childcare Workers10740$29,040$13.960.8
85Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists10600$90,490$43.510.1
86Medical and Health Services Managers10260$136,920$65.830.25
87Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks9840$38,500$18.510.4
88Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters9660$68,300$32.840.3
89Medical Assistants9530$39,740$19.110.45
90Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists9360$38,120$18.330.4
91Bus Drivers, School or Special Client9330$39,700$19.090.3
92First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers8980$84,040$40.40.4
93Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors8540$58,140$27.950.2
94Electrical Engineers8400$114,470$55.030.1
95Computer Occupations, All Other8380$94,710$45.530.2
96Firefighters8340$64,130$30.830.2
97Network and Computer Systems Administrators8280$91,960$44.210.25
98Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop8260$27,050$130.3
99Electrical, Electronic, and Electromechanical Assemblers, Except Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers8100$40,430$19.440
100First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers8010$68,320$32.840.4
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Additional Details

Boston Colleges
Boston colleges and trade schools.

Jobs More Common Near Boston Than Most Other Cities

* Average job popularity for metro areas = 1.0

TitleMean Local SalaryLocal Jobs
All Occupations$65,4202,726,490
Office and Administrative Support Occupations$44,760387,620
Sales and Related Occupations$50,740251,570
Management Occupations$138,530230,560
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations$30,050221,620
Education, Training, and Library Occupations$66,800179,290
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations$99,040178,950
Business and Financial Operations Occupations$86,770173,620
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations$40,520136,780
Computer and Mathematical Occupations$97,870133,070
Production Occupations$42,160107,880
Personal Care and Service Occupations$33,630106,010
Construction and Extraction Occupations$62,81092,730
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations$36,73080,250
Retail Salespersons$29,55076,880
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations$56,31075,350
Healthcare Support Occupations$36,38075,330
Protective Service Occupations$56,95060,930
Registered Nurses$92,18060,260
General and Operations Managers$142,84059,570
Cashiers$25,24055,760
Community and Social Service Occupations$49,83052,130
Customer Service Representatives$43,78051,180
Waiters and Waitresses$30,59048,950
Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food$26,27047,500
Office Clerks, General$40,22044,650
Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners$35,90044,300
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations$84,42043,610
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations$65,62042,850
Personal Care Aides$28,84042,020
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers$30,29038,460
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks$46,95034,940
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive$46,31034,160
First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers$65,36030,370
Accountants and Auditors$81,86030,350
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand$33,46029,190
Financial Managers$147,59026,490
Legal Occupations$126,71025,970
Software Developers, Systems Software$116,06025,770
Nursing Assistants$32,96025,590
Cooks, Restaurant$31,44022,340
Management Analysts$115,90020,820
First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers$47,97020,030
Home Health Aides$30,87019,160
Medical Secretaries$43,55019,060
Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products$78,80018,300
Computer User Support Specialists$62,51018,080
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists$78,63017,990
Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers$51,42017,840
Security Guards$34,48017,780

Work Paying Relatively Well in the Boston, Massachusetts Metro Area (2008 data)

* Average Salary Index for metro areas = 1.0

TitleMean Local SalaryLocal Jobs
All Occupations$65,4202,726,490
Office and Administrative Support Occupations$44,760387,620
Sales and Related Occupations$50,740251,570
Management Occupations$138,530230,560
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations$30,050221,620
Education, Training, and Library Occupations$66,800179,290
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations$99,040178,950
Business and Financial Operations Occupations$86,770173,620
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations$40,520136,780
Computer and Mathematical Occupations$97,870133,070
Production Occupations$42,160107,880
Personal Care and Service Occupations$33,630106,010
Construction and Extraction Occupations$62,81092,730
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations$36,73080,250
Retail Salespersons$29,55076,880
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations$56,31075,350
Healthcare Support Occupations$36,38075,330
Protective Service Occupations$56,95060,930
Registered Nurses$92,18060,260
General and Operations Managers$142,84059,570
Cashiers$25,24055,760
Community and Social Service Occupations$49,83052,130
Customer Service Representatives$43,78051,180
Waiters and Waitresses$30,59048,950
Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food$26,27047,500
Office Clerks, General$40,22044,650
Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners$35,90044,300
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations$84,42043,610
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations$65,62042,850
Personal Care Aides$28,84042,020
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers$30,29038,460
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks$46,95034,940
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive$46,31034,160
First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers$65,36030,370
Accountants and Auditors$81,86030,350
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand$33,46029,190
Financial Managers$147,59026,490
Legal Occupations$126,71025,970
Software Developers, Systems Software$116,06025,770
Nursing Assistants$32,96025,590
Cooks, Restaurant$31,44022,340
Management Analysts$115,90020,820
First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers$47,97020,030
Home Health Aides$30,87019,160
Medical Secretaries$43,55019,060
Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products$78,80018,300
Computer User Support Specialists$62,51018,080
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists$78,63017,990
Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers$51,42017,840
Security Guards$34,48017,780

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