Introduction to Concord, Massachusetts

Concord, Massachusetts, in Middlesex county, is 8 miles NW of Waltham, Massachusetts (center to center) and 16 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts. Concord is well known for its major roles in American history and literature and features a large number of historic sites. Welch's, the well known grape juice producer has a small headquarters in the city.

Concord History

The area was initially named Musketaquid. The region's Indians grew corn and fished in the rivers. The population was decimated by a smallpox plague after the Europeans arrived. In 1635 a group of British settlers acquired land from a local Indian tribe and named the new town Concord. The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first battle during the American Revolutionary War.

The renowned literary history of Concord is based in the mid-19th century with Ralph Waldo Emerson having a major role. Emerson and other Transcendentalists including Nathaniel Hawthorne, the philosopher Bronson Alcott and Henry David Thoreau lived in Concord and were associates. Thoreau lived near the well known Waldon Pond. Resident Ephraim Bull developed the popular Concord grape.

Concord Attractions

  • The Concord Museum focuses on the area's history and includes artifacts of Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau and artifacts from the American Revolution
  • The North Bridge is an historic location of the Battles of Lexington and Concord
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson House is a museum and is designated as a National Historic Landmark. It includes some original furniture and a collection of Emerson's memorabilia
  • The Wayside has kept most of its original appearance. At times, it was home to the notable scientist John Winthrop, the writer Louisa May Alcott, author Nathaniel Hawthorne and Boston publisher Daniel Lothrop and his wife who was a notable author. The home is a National Historic Landmark
  • Orchard House is a museum and features Victorian architecture. It's the former residence of the well known writer Louisa May Alcott. The majority of the furnishings belonged to the Alcott family
  • Minute Man National Historical Park commemorates the initial battle of the American Revolutionary War
  • Wright's Tavern is a National Historic Landmark and is affiliated with the Battle of Lexington and Concord
  • Reuben Brown House is a notable colonial style home
  • De Cordova Museum and Sculpture Park
  • Gropius House
  • Sleepy Hollow Cemetery
  • The Old Manse
  • First Parish Church
  • Thoreau Farm was the birthplace of the well known Henry David Thoreau
  • The Concord Center is an historic location and includes a variety of small shops

Concord Activities

Walden Pond is regarded as a kettle hole and was created by retreating glaciers. The well known writer and philosopher Henry David Thoreau lived near the pond for two years. His time spent their was recorded in Walden; or, Life in the Woods. The Walden Pond State Reservation is also a popular swimming location. Visitors often hike along the trails that traverse around the pond and also visit Thoreau's cabin.

Nearby Boston offers a variety of activities, entertainment and professional sports teams. The Nahoba Ski slopes are located in the region. The Great Meadow National Wildlife Refuge is a river wetlands area which includes several trails and is popular for bird watching. The regions's White Mountains are available for hiking and viewing the scenic fall foliage.

Concord Transportation

The MTBA offers commuter rail service to Boston.


Total Population 19,271
Male Share of the Population 52.2%
Female Share of the Population 47.8%
Senior Citizens 19.3%
Employed Population 16+ 7,807
Age of the Population 47


% of people married 59.4%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 67.9%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $156,596
% Above Poverty Level 94.4%
% Below Poverty Level 5.6%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 33 minutes
% Working from Home 12.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.2%
% Using Public Transportation 7.4%


People Living Alone 24.1%
Median Gross Rent $1,735
Median House Value $702,400


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 19.3%
US/American 0.5%
English 20.2%
Irish 16.9%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Concord Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 8 miles NW of Waltham, Massachusetts (center to center)
Nearest Large City 16 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Standard Zip Codes 01742
Phone Area Codes 978
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.46
Longitude -71.349

Concord Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 3.7 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 35 F
Apr Temp 36 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 83 F
Oct Temp 39 to 62 F
Annual Precip 46.9 inches
Distance 11.7 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 35 F
Apr Temp 35 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 83 F
Oct Temp 39 to 62 F
Annual Precip 48.3 inches
Distance 19.5 miles
Jan Temp 17 to 38 F
Apr Temp 37 to 58 F
Jul Temp 62 to 83 F
Oct Temp 42 to 64 F
Annual Precip 45.3 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Acton 22,925 $152,558
Bedford 13,921 $139,205
Carlisle 5,074 $188,889
Lincoln 7,270 $136,684
Maynard 10,459 $114,350
Sudbury 18,397 $176,948

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Concord Public Libraries

Concord Free Public Library
Concord, Massachusetts
(978) 318-3300

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Concord High Schools

Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,201 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.2

Study Online in Concord
Historic Concord


Emerson House between 1900 and 1906

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Emerson House between 1900 and 1906

Wheeler House between 1900 and 1920

The Emerson House c1900.

Additional Resources
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