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Overview

Introduction to Gloucester, Massachusetts

Gloucester, Massachusetts, in Essex county, is 18 miles NE of Lynn, Massachusetts and 27 miles NE of Boston, Massachusetts. The people of the city are in the Boston metropolitan area.

Gloucester History

Gloucester was founded by the Dorchester Company and was chartered in 1623 by James I. The first settlers landed at Half Moon Beach and settled nearby. However, the settlement was abandoned in 1626 and its residents moved to Naumkeag, present day Salem, Massachusetts. Later on, the area was resettled. It was initially incorporated in 1642. Gloucester was named after the great Cathedral City in Southwest England. Originally, Gloucester included the town of Rockport. However, the village was separated on February 27, 1840. The city of Gloucester was incorporated in 1873.

Gloucester and nearby Attractions

  • Hammond Castle Museum
  • Beauport Sleeper McCann House
  • Gloucester Maritime Heritage
  • Good Harbor Beach
  • Stage Fort Park
  • Sargent House Museum

Things To Do In Gloucester

Gloucester is known as the Fishermen's Memorial Cenotaph. There are a number of museums and historical sites in the city. You will also find several famous beaches as well as parks in Gloucester, which are ideal for hiking, swimming and other water sports. The city also includes a professional theater company that stages at least five plays every season.

Gloucester Transportation

Boston Logan International Airport serves the area.

Gloucester Higher Education

The nearest college is Salem State College.

Demographics

People

Total Population29,546
Male Share of the Population48.3%
Female Share of the Population51.7%
Senior Citizens21.3%
Employed Population 16+14,647
Age of the Population49

Families

% of people married52.5%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher37.7%
Median Earnings25+$41,829
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$28,194
Median Earnings With High School Degree$33,119

Wealth

Median Family Income$87,667
% Above Poverty Level91.8%
% Below Poverty Level8.2%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time26 minutes
% Working from Home6%
% Walking and Biking to Work5.4%
% Using Public Transportation5%

Housing

People Living Alone30.2%
Median Gross Rent$1,009
Median House Value$370,900

Ancestry

Italian22.5%
Irish21.8%
English15.1%
Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)9.9%
Portuguese6.8%
French Except Basque5.8%
Scottish4%
Canadian3.1%
Swedish2.7%
Polish2.5%
Finnish2.2%
Brazilian1.6%
Russian1.2%
Arab1.2%
Greek1.1%
Norwegian1%
Lebanese0.8%
Welsh0.7%
Dutch0.6%
African0.4%
Lithuanian0.4%
Danishn0.4%
Iraqi0.3%
US/American0.3%
Austrian0.3%
Hungarian0.3%
Czech0.2%
Cape Verdean0.2%
West Indian0.2%
Swiss0.2%
Belgian0.2%
Jamaican0.2%
Ukrainian0.1%
Romanian0.1%
German0.1%
Latvian0.1%
Syrian0.1%
Slovak0.1%
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Gloucester Almanac

CategoryValue
County Essex County
Standard Zip Codes1930
P.O. Box Zip Codes1931
Phone Area Codes508,978, 351
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude42.62
Approximate Longitude-70.66

Gloucester Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationMARBLEHEAD
Distance13.1 miles
Jan Temp20 to 37 F
Apr Temp38 to 57 F
Jul Temp63 to 82 F
Oct Temp45 to 62 F
Annual Precip45.5 inches
StationMIDDLETON
Distance18.1 miles
Jan Temp17 to 38 F
Apr Temp37 to 58 F
Jul Temp62 to 83 F
Oct Temp42 to 64 F
Annual Precip45.3 inches
StationREADING
Distance24.9 miles
Jan Temp16 to 35 F
Apr Temp35 to 58 F
Jul Temp60 to 83 F
Oct Temp39 to 62 F
Annual Precip48.3 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Beverly40,967$98,151
Essex1,476$127,446
Hamilton8,136$131,250
Ipswich4,215$80,556
Rockport5,101$95,461
Wenham5,135$149,550

Gloucester Public Libraries

Gloucester Lyceum & Sawyer Free Lib
2 DALE AVE.
Gloucester, Massachusetts
(978) 281-9763

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Gloucester Hospitals

Northeast Hospital Corporation - Addison Gilbert Campus
(Non-profit)
298 Washington Street

Gloucester Public Schools

Beeman Memorial
138 Cherry Street
ZIP: 1930
(978) 281-9825
Primary
Total Enrollment 342
East Gloucester Elementary
8 Davis St Ext
ZIP: 1930
(978) 281-9830
Primary
Total Enrollment 260
Gloucester High
32 L O Johnson Rd
ZIP: 1930
(978) 281-9870
High
Total Enrollment 882
Milton L Fuller Elementary
4 School House Rd
ZIP: 1930
(978) 281-9840
Primary
Total Enrollment 88
Plum Cove School
15 Hickory Street
ZIP: 1930
(978) 282-3030
Primary
Total Enrollment 221
Ralph B O'maley Middle
32 Cherry Street
ZIP: 1930
(978) 281-9850
Middle
Total Enrollment 629
Veterans Memorial
11 Webster Street
ZIP: 1930
(978) 281-9820
Primary
Total Enrollment 222
West Parish
10 Concord Street
ZIP: 1930
(978) 281-9835
Primary
Total Enrollment 319

Gloucester Private Schools

Eastern Point Day School
8 Farrington Ave
ZIP: 1930
Elementary
Total Enrollment 18
Faith Christian School
384 Washington St
ZIP: 1930
Elementary
Total Enrollment 31
St Ann School
60 Prospect St
ZIP: 1930
Elementary
Total Enrollment 107
Sources :
Study Online in Gloucester
Historic Gloucester

photo

Episcopal Church (Magnolia) c1906.

Select a photo to view (Source):

Episcopal Church (Magnolia) c1906.

Surfside Hotel between 1905 and 1915

Rafe's Chasm (Magnolia) c1904.

Additional Resources
Info for Gloucester Government Officials


Are you an official in the Gloucester government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.