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Overview

Introduction to Lawrence, Massachusetts

The Massachusetts city of Lawrence is located in Essex County on the Merrimack River. Situated off of Interstate I-495 about 30 miles north of Boston, the city was named for Abbott Lawrence, a wealthy industrialist associated with the early establishment of textile mills in the area in the 1840s. Known as the "Immigrant City" owing to its high percentage of foreign-born residents, Lawrence for a while served as the residence of noted poet Robert Frost and the location where he published his first poem.

Incorporated in 1853, Lawrence quickly established itself as a prime industrial center and a world leader in the production of cotton and woolen textiles from its massive mills. In 1912 the city became the focus of international attention as the site of one of the most significant events in American labor history. The "Bread and Roses" strike occurred after factory owners responded to a new state law reducing the maximum workweek from 56 to 54 hours by speeding up production and cutting workers' pay. Most of Lawrence’s 30,000 textile workers walked off the job and maintained their solidarity for nine weeks in the midst of a harsh winter. Increasingly violent methods were used to suppress the protest, leading to public outcry and an ensuing Congressional investigation which eventually forced the mill owners to give in to most of the strikers' demands. Lawrence today remains an urban center with a large percentage of its economy still manufacturing-based in spite of the relocation trend of manufacturing industries southward and overseas. The city's textile, apparel and shoe companies have in recent years been joined by newer companies in technology, health care and other types of manufacturing, and many of its former mill buildings have been converted into residential, commercial, and educational sites.

Points of Interest in Lawrence

The City of Lawrence offers a variety of recreational, historical and cultural attractions. The Lawrence Heritage State Park contains a restored boarding house with two floors of interactive exhibits chronicling Lawrence's mill workers and industry. Pemberton Park offers views of the city’s mills and historic dam, as well as walking trails, fishing, and boating. Lawrence Riverfront State Park offers walking trails along with tennis, basketball, and street hockey courts. The Essex Art Center contains a spacious gallery showcasing the work of local artists as well as work centers and a variety of studios for drawing, painting, textiles, murals, and other forms of artistic expression. The facility also offers continuous after-school and evening programs for kids and adults, vacation camps, and workshops.

Lawrence also hosts a wide range of ethnic festivals that celebrate the city's diversity and rich heritage. These include: Irish Heritage Month, celebrated throughout the month of March; Semana Hispana, a celebration of Latino Heritage which takes place on the third weekend in June: Labor Day weekend's Feast of the Three Saints, an Italian festival; The Bread and Roses Festival, a celebration of Lawrence’s diversity and labor history, which also takes place on Labor Day; the Robert Frost Festival, held on the fourth Saturday in October; and Italian Heritage Month, celebrated throughout the month of October.

Located only thirty minutes away in the Boston metropolitan area are first-class attractions which include the JFK Library and Museum, the Boston Pops, the Museum of Fine Arts, the New England Aquarium, the Old North Church, the Freedom Trail, the Paul Revere House, and a whole lot more. The city is also home to a variety of major league pro sports teams, including the Boston Red Sox, inhabitants of baseball's storied Fenway Park; the legendary Boston Celtics of NBA basketball fame; the Boston Bruins of the National Hockey League; and the Boston Cannons of Major League Lacrosse. An additional thirty minutes away is the home of the NFL's New England Patriots and Major League Soccer's New England Revolution, who play at Foxboro's Gillette Stadium.

Demographics

People

Total Population79,497
Male Share of the Population48.9%
Female Share of the Population51.1%
Senior Citizens9.8%
Employed Population 16+34,979
Age of the Population31

Families

% of people married33.6%
Average household size3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher11.3%
Median Earnings25+$28,079
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$22,151
Median Earnings With High School Degree$27,531

Wealth

Median Family Income$41,776
% Above Poverty Level75.8%
% Below Poverty Level24.2%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time23 minutes
% Working from Home3.1%
% Walking and Biking to Work5.2%
% Using Public Transportation4.5%

Housing

People Living Alone22.6%
Median Gross Rent$1,067
Median House Value$238,200

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)78.4%
Italian4.1%
Irish4%
French Except Basque2.6%
English1.6%
Canadian1.2%
African1.1%
German1%
West Indian1%
Polish0.6%
Arab0.5%
Portuguese0.4%
Jamaican0.4%
Scottish0.3%
Haitian0.3%
Lebanese0.3%
Swedish0.2%
Lithuanian0.2%
Brazilian0.1%
Trinidad Tobago0.1%
Dutch0.1%
British0.1%
Greek0.1%
Barbadian0.1%
Kenyan0.1%
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Lawrence Almanac

CategoryValue
County Essex County
Standard Zip Codes1840, 1841, 1843
P.O. Box Zip Codes1842
Phone Area Codes508,978, 351
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude42.71
Approximate Longitude-71.16

Lawrence Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationLAWRENCE
Distance0.5 miles
Jan Temp15 to 35 F
Apr Temp35 to 57 F
Jul Temp61 to 83 F
Oct Temp38 to 62 F
Annual Precip44 inches
StationHAVERHILL
Distance6.4 miles
Jan Temp16 to 35 F
Apr Temp35 to 58 F
Jul Temp61 to 84 F
Oct Temp39 to 62 F
Annual Precip46.8 inches
StationMIDDLETON
Distance10.5 miles
Jan Temp17 to 38 F
Apr Temp37 to 58 F
Jul Temp62 to 83 F
Oct Temp42 to 64 F
Annual Precip45.3 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Andover8,788$142,614
Haverhill62,943$78,987

Lawrence Public Libraries

Lawrence Public Library
51 LAWRENCE ST.
Lawrence, Massachusetts
(978) 620-3600

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Lawrence Hospitals

Lawrence General Hospital
(Non-profit)
One General Street

Lawrence Public Schools

Community Day Charter Public School - Prospect
190 Hampshire Street
ZIP: 1840
(978) 722-2538
Primary
Total Enrollment 400
Henry K Oliver
233 Haverhill Street
ZIP: 1840
(978) 722-8770
High School Learning Center
233 Haverhill Street
ZIP: 1840
(978) 975-5917
High
Total Enrollment 193
Oliver Partnership School
183 Haverhill Street
ZIP: 1840
(978) 722-8170
Primary
Total Enrollment 489
Up Academy Oliver Middle School
233 Haverhill Street
ZIP: 1840
(978) 722-8670
Middle
Total Enrollment 332
Alexander B Bruce
135 Butler Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 975-5935
Primary
Total Enrollment 539
Arlington Middle School
150 Arlington Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 975-5930
Middle
Total Enrollment 520
Community Day Arlington
150 Arlington Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 722-8311
Primary
Total Enrollment 642
Community Day Charter Public School - Gateway
50 Pleasant Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 722-2538
Primary
Total Enrollment 200
Community Day Charter Public School - R. Kingman Webster
50 Pleasant Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 722-2538
Primary
Total Enrollment 200
Edward F. Parthum
255 E Haverhill Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 691-7200
Primary
Total Enrollment 604
Francis M Leahy
100 Erving Avenue
ZIP: 1841
(978) 975-5959
Primary
Total Enrollment 553
Gerard A. Guilmette
80 Bodwell Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 686-8150
Primary
Total Enrollment 540
Guilmette Middle School
80 Bodwell St
ZIP: 1841
(978) 722-8270
Middle
Total Enrollment 515
James F Hennessey
122 Hancock Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 975-5950
Primary
Total Enrollment 388
John Breen School
114 Osgood Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 975-5932
Primary
Total Enrollment 333
John K Tarbox
59 Alder Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 975-5983
Primary
Total Enrollment 351
Lawlor Early Childhood Center
41 Lexington Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 975-5956
Primary
Total Enrollment 176
Lawrence Family Development Charter School
34 West Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 689-9863
Primary
Total Enrollment 678
Lawrence Family Public Academy
526 Lowell Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 722-8030
Primary
Total Enrollment 181
Math, Science & Technology High School
70-71 North Parish Rd
ZIP: 1841
(978) 946-0719
High
Total Enrollment 525
Parthum Middle School
255 East Haverhill Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 691-7224
Middle
Total Enrollment 533
Phoenix Academy Lawrence
15 Union Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 722-8410
High
Total Enrollment 185
Rollins Early Childhood Center
451 Howard Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 722-8190
Primary
Total Enrollment 187
School For Exceptional Studies
233 Haverhill Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 975-5980
Other
Total Enrollment 200
Up Academy Leonard Middle School
60 Allen Street
ZIP: 1841
(978) 722-8159
Middle
Total Enrollment 331
Business Management & Finance High School
70-71 North Parish Rd
ZIP: 1843
(978) 946-0713
High
Total Enrollment 490
Emily G Wetherbee
75 Newton Street
ZIP: 1843
(978) 557-2900
Primary
Total Enrollment 707
Frost Middle School
33 Hamlet Street
ZIP: 1843
(978) 722-8810
Middle
Total Enrollment 488
Health & Human Services High School
70-71 North Parish Rd
ZIP: 1843
(978) 946-0735
High
Total Enrollment 520
Humanities & Leadership Development High School
70-71 North Parish Rd
ZIP: 1843
(978) 946-0724
High
Total Enrollment 584
International High School
70-71 North Parish Rd
ZIP: 1843
(978) 946-0712
High
Total Enrollment 490
Performing & Fine Arts High School
70-71 North Parish Rd
ZIP: 1843
(978) 946-0766
High
Total Enrollment 537
Robert Frost
33 Hamlet Street
ZIP: 1843
(978) 975-5941
Primary
Total Enrollment 589
South Lawrence East Elementary School
165 Crawford Street
ZIP: 1843
(978) 975-5970
Primary
Total Enrollment 573
South Lawrence East Middle School
165 Crawford Street
ZIP: 1843
(978) 975-5993
Other
Total Enrollment 159
Spark Academy
165 Crawford Street
ZIP: 1843
(978) 722-8247
Middle
Total Enrollment 435

Lawrence Private Schools

Blessed Stephen Bellesini Osa Academy
94 Bradford St
ZIP: 1840
Elementary
Total Enrollment 57
Central Catholic High School
300 Hampshire St
ZIP: 1841
Secondary
Total Enrollment 1353
Esperanza Academy
198 Garden St
ZIP: 1841
Elementary
Total Enrollment 68
Notre Dame High School
207 Hampshire St
ZIP: 1841
Secondary
Total Enrollment 272
Glcac Child Care Center
581 Andover St
ZIP: 1843
Elementary
Total Enrollment 24
Lawrence Catholic Academy
101 Parker St
ZIP: 1843
Elementary
Total Enrollment 451
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