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Overview

Introduction to Lawrence, Massachusetts

The Massachusetts city of Lawrence is located in Essex County on the Merrimack River. Situated off of Interstate I-495 about 30 miles north of Boston, the city was named for Abbott Lawrence, a wealthy industrialist associated with the early establishment of textile mills in the area in the 1840s. Known as the "Immigrant City" owing to its high percentage of foreign-born residents, Lawrence for a while served as the residence of noted poet Robert Frost and the location where he published his first poem.

Incorporated in 1853, Lawrence quickly established itself as a prime industrial center and a world leader in the production of cotton and woolen textiles from its massive mills. In 1912 the city became the focus of international attention as the site of one of the most significant events in American labor history. The "Bread and Roses" strike occurred after factory owners responded to a new state law reducing the maximum workweek from 56 to 54 hours by speeding up production and cutting workers' pay. Most of Lawrence’s 30,000 textile workers walked off the job and maintained their solidarity for nine weeks in the midst of a harsh winter. Increasingly violent methods were used to suppress the protest, leading to public outcry and an ensuing Congressional investigation which eventually forced the mill owners to give in to most of the strikers' demands. Lawrence today remains an urban center with a large percentage of its economy still manufacturing-based in spite of the relocation trend of manufacturing industries southward and overseas. The city's textile, apparel and shoe companies have in recent years been joined by newer companies in technology, health care and other types of manufacturing, and many of its former mill buildings have been converted into residential, commercial, and educational sites.

Points of Interest in Lawrence

The City of Lawrence offers a variety of recreational, historical and cultural attractions. The Lawrence Heritage State Park contains a restored boarding house with two floors of interactive exhibits chronicling Lawrence's mill workers and industry. Pemberton Park offers views of the city’s mills and historic dam, as well as walking trails, fishing, and boating. Lawrence Riverfront State Park offers walking trails along with tennis, basketball, and street hockey courts. The Essex Art Center contains a spacious gallery showcasing the work of local artists as well as work centers and a variety of studios for drawing, painting, textiles, murals, and other forms of artistic expression. The facility also offers continuous after-school and evening programs for kids and adults, vacation camps, and workshops.

Lawrence also hosts a wide range of ethnic festivals that celebrate the city's diversity and rich heritage. These include: Irish Heritage Month, celebrated throughout the month of March; Semana Hispana, a celebration of Latino Heritage which takes place on the third weekend in June: Labor Day weekend's Feast of the Three Saints, an Italian festival; The Bread and Roses Festival, a celebration of Lawrence’s diversity and labor history, which also takes place on Labor Day; the Robert Frost Festival, held on the fourth Saturday in October; and Italian Heritage Month, celebrated throughout the month of October.

Located only thirty minutes away in the Boston metropolitan area are first-class attractions which include the JFK Library and Museum, the Boston Pops, the Museum of Fine Arts, the New England Aquarium, the Old North Church, the Freedom Trail, the Paul Revere House, and a whole lot more. The city is also home to a variety of major league pro sports teams, including the Boston Red Sox, inhabitants of baseball's storied Fenway Park; the legendary Boston Celtics of NBA basketball fame; the Boston Bruins of the National Hockey League; and the Boston Cannons of Major League Lacrosse. An additional thirty minutes away is the home of the NFL's New England Patriots and Major League Soccer's New England Revolution, who play at Foxboro's Gillette Stadium.

Demographics

People

Total Population79,337
Male Share of the Population48.3%
Female Share of the Population51.7%
Senior Citizens9.6%
Employed Population 16+33,261
Age of the Population31

Families

% of people married32.8%
Average household size3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher11.2%
Median Earnings25+$28,163
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$21,243
Median Earnings With High School Degree$28,021

Wealth

Median Family Income$38,681
% Above Poverty Level73.6%
% Below Poverty Level26.4%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time24 minutes
% Working from Home2.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work4.7%
% Using Public Transportation4.5%

Housing

People Living Alone23.6%
Median Gross Rent$1,033
Median House Value$229,500

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)77.3%
Irish4.7%
Italian4.3%
French Except Basque3%
English1.8%
Canadian1.3%
African1.2%
German1%
West Indian0.9%
Polish0.7%
Arab0.5%
Scottish0.4%
Portuguese0.4%
Lebanese0.3%
Haitian0.3%
Jamaican0.3%
Brazilian0.2%
Swedish0.2%
Kenyan0.2%
British0.1%
Trinidad Tobago0.1%
Lithuanian0.1%
Czech0.1%
Dutch0.1%
Greek0.1%
Russian0.1%
Cape Verdean0.1%
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Lawrence Almanac

CategoryValue
County Essex County
Standard Zip Codes1840, 1841, 1843
P.O. Box Zip Codes1842
Phone Area Codes508,978, 351
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude42.71
Approximate Longitude-71.16

Lawrence Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationLAWRENCE
Distance0.5 miles
Jan Temp15 to 35 F
Apr Temp35 to 57 F
Jul Temp61 to 83 F
Oct Temp38 to 62 F
Annual Precip44 inches
StationHAVERHILL
Distance6.4 miles
Jan Temp16 to 35 F
Apr Temp35 to 58 F
Jul Temp61 to 84 F
Oct Temp39 to 62 F
Annual Precip46.8 inches
StationMIDDLETON
Distance10.5 miles
Jan Temp17 to 38 F
Apr Temp37 to 58 F
Jul Temp62 to 83 F
Oct Temp42 to 64 F
Annual Precip45.3 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Andover9,194$132,135
Dracut30,940$94,548
Haverhill62,340$75,240
North Andover29,705$129,578
Tewksbury30,378$109,560

Lawrence Public Libraries

Lawrence Public Library
51 LAWRENCE ST.
Lawrence, Massachusetts
(978) 620-3600

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Lawrence Hospitals

Lawrence General Hospital
(Non-profit)
One General Street
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Lawrence Public Schools

Rollins Early Childhood Center
451 Howard St
(978) 722-8512
Primary
Total Enrollment 138
Frost Middle School
33 Hamlet St
(978) 722-8810
Middle
Total Enrollment 472
Community Day Charter Public School - South
75 Pleasant St
Community Day Charter Public School - Riverside
75 Pleasant St
Phoenix Academy Lawrence
526 Lowell St
(978) 722-8410
High
Total Enrollment 128
South Lawrence East 5th Grade Academy
165 Crawford St
(978) 722-8247
Middle
Total Enrollment 107
Up Academy Lawrence
60 Allen St
(978) 722-8159
Middle
Total Enrollment 117
Community Day Arlington
150 Arlington St
(978) 722-8311
Primary
Total Enrollment 185
Community Day Charter Public School
190 Hampshire St
(978) 682-6628
Primary
Total Enrollment 331
South Lawrence East Elementary School
165 Crawford St
(978) 975-5970
Primary
Total Enrollment 502
Arlington Elementary School
150 Arlington St
(978) 975-5928
Primary
Total Enrollment 516
John Breen School
114 Osgood St
(978) 975-5932
Primary
Total Enrollment 307
Emily G Wetherbee
75 Newton St
(978) 975-5986
Primary
Total Enrollment 662
Francis M Leahy
100 Erving Ave
(978) 975-5959
Primary
Total Enrollment 549
Lawrence Family Development Charter School
34 West St
(978) 689-9863
Primary
Total Enrollment 613
Lawlor Early Childhood Center
41 Lexington St
(978) 975-5956
Primary
Total Enrollment 190
Henry K Oliver
233 Haverhill St
(978) 975-5966
Primary
Total Enrollment 739
Gerard A. Guilmette
80 Bodwell St
(978) 686-8810
Primary
Total Enrollment 589
Arlington Middle School
150 Arlington St
(978) 975-5926
Middle
Total Enrollment 457
Parthum Middle School
255 East Haverhill St
(978) 691-7200
Middle
Total Enrollment 548
Business Management & Finance High School
7071 North Parish Rd
(978) 946-0713
High
Total Enrollment 467
Humanities & Leadership Development High School
7071 North Parish Rd
(978) 946-0724
High
Total Enrollment 506
Alexander B Bruce
135 Butler St
(978) 975-5935
Primary
Total Enrollment 585
James F Hennessey
122 Hancock St
(978) 975-5950
Primary
Total Enrollment 392
James F Leonard
60 Allen St
(978) 975-5962
Middle
Total Enrollment 314
Edward F. Parthum
255 East Haverhill St
(978) 691-7200
Primary
Total Enrollment 569
South Lawrence East Middle School
165 Crawford St
(978) 975-5970
Middle
Total Enrollment 523
Robert Frost
33 Hamlet St
(978) 975-5941
Primary
Total Enrollment 556
John K Tarbox
59 Alder St
(978) 975-5983
Primary
Total Enrollment 309
Performing & Fine Arts High School
7071 North Parish Rd
(978) 946-0766
High
Total Enrollment 532
Math, Science & Technology High School
7071 North Parish Rd
(978) 946-0719
High
Total Enrollment 511
School For Exceptional Studies
233 Haverhill St
(978) 975-5980
Other
Total Enrollment 203
High School Learning Center
183 Haverhill St
(978) 975-5917
High
Total Enrollment 166
Guilmette Middle School
80 Bodwell St
(978) 722-8270
Middle
Total Enrollment 551
International High School
7071 North Parish Rd
(978) 946-0712
High
Total Enrollment 531
Health & Human Services High School
7071 North Parish Rd
(978) 946-0735
High
Total Enrollment 516

Lawrence Private Schools

Lawrence Catholic Academy
101 Parker St
Elementary
Total Enrollment 451
Central Catholic High School
300 Hampshire St
Secondary
Total Enrollment 1353
Blessed Stephen Bellesini Osa Academy
94 Bradford St
Elementary
Total Enrollment 57
Notre Dame High School
207 Hampshire St
Secondary
Total Enrollment 272
Glcac Child Care Center
581 Andover St
Elementary
Total Enrollment 24
Esperanza Academy
198 Garden St
Elementary
Total Enrollment 68
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