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Overview

Introduction to Medford, Massachusetts

Medford, Massachusetts, in Middlesex county, is 4 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts. It's situated along the Mystic River. The city features a collection of distinct neighborhoods. West Medford is regarded as an affluent area. Medford includes a large Italian population and is known for its Italian restaurants and delis as well as excellent bakeries. The city also includes a large number of Irish-Americans. Visitors have opportunities to see numerous historic sites and houses.

Medford History

The area was formerly owned by Mathew Cradock. The city was established in 1630 as part of Charleston. During the 1840's and the 1850's large portions of the farmland was sold and replaced with commercial buildings and homes. It was incorporated as a city in 1892 and became a prominent location for manufacturing bricks, tile, clipper ships, Medford Crackers and rum.

In the late 19th century at Simpson's Tavern, local resident James Pierpont wrote the well known song "Jingle Bells." He was inspired by a sleigh race. Lydia Maria Child, another local resident wrote a poem which became the popular song "Over the River and Through the Woods."

Medford Attractions

  • The Peter Tufts House is one of the oldest all-brick buildings in New England
  • The Slave Wall is located on Grove Street
  • The Amelia Earhart residence
  • Grandfather's House is the house mentioned in the well known song "Over the River and through the Woods"
  • Issac Royall House is a museum featuring numerous antiques and is a National Historic Landmark. It includes an historic slave quarters
  • Salem Street Burying Ground
  • Grace Episcopal Church features Gothic architecture and is included in the National Register of Historic Places
  • Chevalier Theatre provides concerts and a variety of shows
  • Medford City Hall features exhibits of historic items
  • The Medford Historical Society owns one of the largest collections of original Civil War prints in the world
  • Old Ship Street Historic District
  • Old Medford High School
  • Bigelow Block
  • Hillside Avenue Historic District
  • Park Street Railroad Station

Medford Activities

Wrights Pond provides opportunities for swimming, fishing, picnicking and hiking. The city has numerous parks which offer sports venues. The Middlesex Fells Reservation is used for hiking, bicycle riding and includes a sledding area. Nearby Boston offers a variety of activities and entertainment.

Medford Transportation

The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority provides bus services. Residents have access to the area's rapid transit system.

Medford Higher Education

Medford is home to Tufts University.

Demographics

People

Total Population57,180
Male Share of the Population47.7%
Female Share of the Population52.3%
Senior Citizens14.5%
Employed Population 16+31,635
Age of the Population36

Families

% of people married42.6%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher47.5%
Median Earnings25+$50,973
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$30,494
Median Earnings With High School Degree$32,031

Wealth

Median Family Income$97,422
% Above Poverty Level89.5%
% Below Poverty Level10.5%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time32 minutes
% Working from Home4.2%
% Walking and Biking to Work6.4%
% Using Public Transportation18.8%

Housing

People Living Alone28.7%
Median Gross Rent$1,495
Median House Value$421,200

Ancestry

Irish22.7%
Italian22.5%
Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)19.5%
German5.6%
English5.3%
West Indian5%
Haitian4.4%
Canadian3.6%
Polish3.1%
Portuguese2.9%
French Except Basque2.9%
Brazilian2.3%
Greek2%
Arab1.8%
Swedish1.7%
Russian1.5%
Scottish1.4%
African1.1%
US/American0.7%
Dutch0.7%
Norwegian0.6%
Lithuanian0.5%
Hungarian0.4%
Kenyan0.3%
Iranian0.3%
Czech0.3%
Lebanese0.3%
Moroccan0.2%
Israeli0.2%
Ukrainian0.2%
Swiss0.2%
Welsh0.2%
Romanian0.2%
Trinidad Tobago0.2%
Finnish0.2%
Danishn0.2%
Jamaican0.2%
Austrian0.2%
Barbadian0.1%
Albanian0.1%
Egyptian0.1%
Cape Verdean0.1%
Belgian0.1%
Latvian0.1%
Syrian0.1%
Palestinian0.1%
Nigerian0.1%
Ethiopian0.1%
Iraqi0.1%
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Medford Almanac

CategoryValue
Nearest Large City4 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts
County Middlesex County
Standard Zip Codes2155
P.O. Box Zip Codes2153
Phone Area Codes617,339,781
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Daylight SavingsThe city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude42.418
Longitude-71.106

Medford Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationBOSTON LOGAN INTL AP
Distance5.8 miles
Jan Temp22 to 37 F
Apr Temp41 to 56 F
Jul Temp66 to 82 F
Oct Temp46 to 62 F
Annual Precip42.5 inches
StationREADING
Distance6.9 miles
Jan Temp16 to 35 F
Apr Temp35 to 58 F
Jul Temp60 to 83 F
Oct Temp39 to 62 F
Annual Precip48.3 inches
StationHINGHAM
Distance16.1 miles
Jan Temp20 to 37 F
Apr Temp38 to 57 F
Jul Temp62 to 81 F
Oct Temp42 to 62 F
Annual Precip49.8 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Arlington44,408$132,692
Cambridge108,757$107,897
Everett44,636$56,211
Malden60,732$71,064
Somerville79,507$84,896
Winchester22,491$182,264

Medford Public Libraries

Medford Public Library
111 HIGH ST.
Medford, Massachusetts
(781) 395-7950

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Medford Hospitals

Hallmark Health System - Lawrence Memorial Hospital Campus
(Non-profit)
170 Governors Avenue
Click the Visit School Site buttons to go directly to a school's website and learn more about the school and programs it has to offer. School website will open in a new tab.
Click the Request Info buttons to request more information from a representative at the school.

Medford Public Schools

Medford High
489 Winthrop St
(781) 393-2301
High
Total Enrollment 1227
Madeleine Dugger Andrews
3000 Mystic Valley Parkway
(781) 393-2228
Middle
Total Enrollment 542
Christopher Columbus
37 Hicks Ave
(781) 393-2177
Primary
Total Enrollment 520
John J. Mcglynn Middle School
3004 Mystic Valley Parkway
(781) 393-2333
Middle
Total Enrollment 562
Medford Vocational Technical High
489 Winthrop St
(781) 393-2260
High
Total Enrollment 212
Curtis-tufts
437 Main St
(781) 393-2343
High
Total Enrollment 18
John J Mcglynn Elementary School
3002 Mystic Valley Parkway
(781) 393-2333
Primary
Total Enrollment 591
Brooks School
388 High St
(781) 393-2166
Primary
Total Enrollment 605
Milton Fuller Roberts
35 Court St
(781) 393-2155
Primary
Total Enrollment 595

Medford Private Schools

St Raphael Elementary School
516 High St
Elementary
Total Enrollment 319
St Joseph Elementary School
132 High St
Elementary
Total Enrollment 396
Eliot-pearson Children's School
105 College Ave
Elementary
Total Enrollment 38
Sources :
Additional Details
Medford Colleges
Medford colleges and trade schools.
Medford Graduate Schools
Medford Graduate and Business Schools
Study Online in Medford
Historic Medford

photo

Garrison House (built 1640) ca. 1900

Select a photo to view (Source):

Garrison House (built 1640) ca. 1900

Craddock House (oldest house in New England, 1634) ca. 1900

Ballou Hall (Tufts College) between 1900 and 1906

Additional Resources
Info for Medford Government Officials


Are you an official in the Medford government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.

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