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Overview

Introduction to Medford, Massachusetts

Medford, Massachusetts, in Middlesex county, is 4 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts. It's situated along the Mystic River. The city features a collection of distinct neighborhoods. West Medford is regarded as an affluent area. Medford includes a large Italian population and is known for its Italian restaurants and delis as well as excellent bakeries. The city also includes a large number of Irish-Americans. Visitors have opportunities to see numerous historic sites and houses.

Medford History

The area was formerly owned by Mathew Cradock. The city was established in 1630 as part of Charleston. During the 1840's and the 1850's large portions of the farmland was sold and replaced with commercial buildings and homes. It was incorporated as a city in 1892 and became a prominent location for manufacturing bricks, tile, clipper ships, Medford Crackers and rum.

In the late 19th century at Simpson's Tavern, local resident James Pierpont wrote the well known song "Jingle Bells." He was inspired by a sleigh race. Lydia Maria Child, another local resident wrote a poem which became the popular song "Over the River and Through the Woods."

Medford Attractions

  • The Peter Tufts House is one of the oldest all-brick buildings in New England
  • The Slave Wall is located on Grove Street
  • The Amelia Earhart residence
  • Grandfather's House is the house mentioned in the well known song "Over the River and through the Woods"
  • Issac Royall House is a museum featuring numerous antiques and is a National Historic Landmark. It includes an historic slave quarters
  • Salem Street Burying Ground
  • Grace Episcopal Church features Gothic architecture and is included in the National Register of Historic Places
  • Chevalier Theatre provides concerts and a variety of shows
  • Medford City Hall features exhibits of historic items
  • The Medford Historical Society owns one of the largest collections of original Civil War prints in the world
  • Old Ship Street Historic District
  • Old Medford High School
  • Bigelow Block
  • Hillside Avenue Historic District
  • Park Street Railroad Station

Medford Activities

Wrights Pond provides opportunities for swimming, fishing, picnicking and hiking. The city has numerous parks which offer sports venues. The Middlesex Fells Reservation is used for hiking, bicycle riding and includes a sledding area. Nearby Boston offers a variety of activities and entertainment.

Medford Transportation

The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority provides bus services. Residents have access to the area's rapid transit system.

Medford Higher Education

Medford is home to Tufts University.

People

Total Population 57,136
Male Share of the Population 47.1%
Female Share of the Population 52.9%
Senior Citizens 14.4%
Employed Population 16+ 31,453
Age of the Population 36

Families

% of people married 44.5%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 44.8%
Median Earnings25+ $48,121
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $27,396
Median Earnings With High School Degree $33,911

Wealth

Median Family Income $91,532
% Above Poverty Level 89.2%
% Below Poverty Level 10.8%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 30 minutes
% Working from Home 4.1%
% Walking and Biking to Work 6.5%
% Using Public Transportation 17.1%

Housing

People Living Alone 27.9%
Median Gross Rent $1,474
Median House Value $401,000

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 19.4%
US/American 0.6%
English 5.9%
Irish 22.2%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Medford Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 4 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Standard Zip Codes 02155
P.O. Box Zip Codes 02153, 02156
Phone Area Codes 781
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.418
Longitude -71.106

Medford Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station BOSTON LOGAN INTL AP
Distance 5.8 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 37 F
Apr Temp 41 to 56 F
Jul Temp 66 to 82 F
Oct Temp 46 to 62 F
Annual Precip 42.5 inches
Station READING
Distance 6.9 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 35 F
Apr Temp 35 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 83 F
Oct Temp 39 to 62 F
Annual Precip 48.3 inches
Station HINGHAM
Distance 16.1 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 37 F
Apr Temp 38 to 57 F
Jul Temp 62 to 81 F
Oct Temp 42 to 62 F
Annual Precip 49.8 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Medford, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Tufts University (02153)

West Medford (02155, 02156)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Arlington 44,128 $128,930
Cambridge 107,916 $104,454
Everett 43,885 $54,238
Malden 60,612 $64,684
Somerville 78,595 $79,263
Winchester 22,075 $168,917

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Medford Public Libraries

Library
Medford Public Library
111 HIGH ST.
Medford, Massachusetts
(781) 395-7950

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More Information for Librarians

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Medford High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

MEDFORD HIGH
489 WINTHROP STREET
781-393-2301
Serves 1,262 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.3

MEDFORD VOC TECH HIGH
489 WINTHROP STREET
781-393-2260
A Vocational School
Serves 250 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.8

CURTIS-TUFTS
437 MAIN STREET
781-393-2343
Serves 33 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 5.5

Additional Details
Medford Colleges
Medford colleges and trade schools.
Medford Graduate Schools
Medford Graduate and Business Schools
Study Online in Medford
Historic Medford

photo

Garrison House (built 1640) ca. 1900

Select a photo to view (Source):

Garrison House (built 1640) ca. 1900

Craddock House (oldest house in New England, 1634) ca. 1900

Ballou Hall (Tufts College) between 1900 and 1906

Additional Resources
Info for Medford Government Officials


Are you an official in the Medford government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.

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