Introduction to Newton, Massachusetts

The Massachusetts city of Newton is located in Middlesex County on the south bank of the Charles River, about 8 miles northwest of the state capital of Boston. The city is comprised of 13 "villages," each with its own distinct character and many containing their own small downtown areas. One of these (Chestnut Hill) is home to Boston College (BC). In addition to Boston, Newton is also bordered by Wellesley (to the west), Needham (to the southwest), Waltham (to the north), and Brookline (to the east).

Known as the Garden City, Newton was settled in 1630 as part of Cambridge (whose original name was "Newtowne"). In 1688, Newton separated from Cambridge and became known as Cambridge Village and later Newtown before finally becoming Newton in 1766. The establishment of Boston and Worcester Railroad depots in 1834 fostered Newton's growth as a suburb of Boston. Incorporated as a city in 1873, Newton today is known as a regional education center. In addition to Boston College, the city is also home to Andover Newton Theological School, Mount Ida College, and Pine Manor College. Major industries in the city include publishing, computer technology, and manufacturing of precision instruments and chemicals. The city is also the birthplace of the Fig Newton.

Arts, Culture, and Entertainment in Newton

Attractive to visitors and residents alike, Newton is a vibrant college community enjoying a close proximity to the Boston metropolitan area. The city is also rich in arts and culture, featuring two symphony orchestras, a large state-of-the-art public library, resident theatre groups and many artistic treasures. The Newton History Museum at the Jackson Homestead, built in 1809 as a farmhouse, served for a period of time as a stop on the Underground Railroad and is now a museum filled with paintings, manuscripts, photographs, maps and numerous historical artifacts. The New Repertory Theatre and Newton Country Players are local theater groups, and Broadway musicals are regularly performed at the Turtle Lane Playhouse. From July through October the city hosts a popular outdoor Farmer's Market.

Almost a stone's throw away from Newton is the thriving Boston-Cambridge area, home to a multitude of popular attractions. Among them are the following:

  • JFK Presidential Library and Museum
  • The Boston Children's Museum
  • The Freedom Trail
  • The Boston Symphony Orchestra
  • Museum of Science (Cambridge)
  • Franklin Park Zoo
  • The Boston Pops
  • The Museum of Fine Arts
  • The Longfellow House (Cambridge)
  • Faneuil Hall
  • Paul Revere House
  • Prudential Center
  • New England Aquarium
  • Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology (Cambridge)
  • Old North Church
  • John Hancock Tower
  • Fenway Park (home of the Boston Red Sox)

The Boston College Eagles provide the city with plenty of first-rate collegiate sports action, competing in NCAA's Division I-A. Although a founding member of the Big East Conference, the Eagles left the Big East in 2005 to join the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) of which they are now a member for all sports supported by the ACC. BC athletes are among the most academically successful in the nation according to the NCAA's Academic Progress Rate (APR), which in 2006 ranked 14 of its sports in the top 10 percent of the nation academically. The BC football team was involved in one of the most memorable games in college football history, 1984's Orange Bowl game, when quarterback Doug Flutie's 48-yard Hail Mary pass completion to Gerard Phelan secured a last-minute 47-45 victory over Miami.

The city of Boston is home to the following professional sports teams, all of them of major league caliber:

  • Baseball: Boston Red Sox (MLB)
  • Football: New England Patriots (NFL) (Located in Foxboro, 30 miles to the southwest)
  • Soccer: New England Revolution (MLS) (Also located in Foxboro)
  • Hockey: Boston Bruins (NHL)
  • Basketball: Boston Celtics (NBA)
  • Lacrosse: Boston Cannons (MLL)
  • World Team Tennis (WTT): Boston Lobsters


Total Population 87,675
Male Share of the Population 47.4%
Female Share of the Population 52.6%
Senior Citizens 16.3%
Employed Population 16+ 43,886
Age of the Population 41


% of people married 55.2%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 76.6%
Median Earnings25+ $71,875
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $25,353
Median Earnings With High School Degree $33,973


Median Family Income $161,101
% Above Poverty Level 94.9%
% Below Poverty Level 5.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 28 minutes
% Working from Home 9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 7%
% Using Public Transportation 11.7%


People Living Alone 24%
Median Gross Rent $1,703
Median House Value $739,700


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 31.6%
US/American 0.5%
English 7.4%
Irish 15.8%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Newton Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 7 miles W of Boston, Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Standard Zip Codes 02458, 02459, 02460, 02461, 02462, 02464, 02465, 02466, 02467, 02468
P.O. Box Zip Codes 02456, 02495
Phone Area Codes 617
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.336
Longitude -71.209

Newton Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 9.6 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 34 F
Apr Temp 37 to 56 F
Jul Temp 62 to 81 F
Oct Temp 43 to 60 F
Annual Precip 51.1 inches
Distance 10.8 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 35 F
Apr Temp 36 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 83 F
Oct Temp 39 to 62 F
Annual Precip 46.9 inches
Station WALPOLE 2
Distance 12 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 36 F
Apr Temp 37 to 58 F
Jul Temp 62 to 83 F
Oct Temp 41 to 62 F
Annual Precip 46.5 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Newton, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Auburndale (02466)

Boston College (02467)

Chestnut Hill (02467)

New Town (02456)

Newton Center (02459)

Newton Centre (02459)

Newton Highlands (02461)

Newton L F (02462)

Newton Lower Falls (02462)

Newton U F (02464)

Newton Upper Falls (02464)

Newtonville (02458, 02460, 02462)

Nonantum (02495)

Riverside (02458)

Waban (02468)

West Newton (02465)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Belmont 25,337 $141,086
Brookline 59,132 $137,120
Needham 29,853 $164,104
Waltham 62,438 $91,329
Wellesley 28,832 $191,875

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Newton Public Libraries

Newton Free Library
Newton, Massachusetts
(617) 552-7145

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More Information for Librarians

Newton Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(617) 243-6000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Newton High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 2,137 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.6

Serves 1,487 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.4

Additional Details
Newton Colleges
Newton colleges and trade schools.
Newton Graduate Schools
Newton Graduate and Business Schools
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Historic Newton


Charles River (Echo Bridge, Newton) between 1895 and 1910

Select a photo to view (Source):

Charles River (Echo Bridge, Newton) between 1895 and 1910

Hemlock Gorge (Charles River, Newton) ca. 1900

Echo Bridge (Charles River, Newton) ca. 1900

Additional Resources
Info for Newton Government Officials

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