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Overview

Introduction to Detroit, Michigan

Detroit, located in southeast Michigan on the Detroit River between Lake Huron and Lake Erie, is the largest city in the state and the tenth-largest in the country. It is the oldest major city west of the original colonies and the only city in the US that allows you to travel south into Canada. It began as a fur-trading town in the 1700s, Detroit took full advantage of its prime geographical location in the 1800s, becoming a major shipping and manufacturing center. With an influx of workers from Europe and the American South, including many African Americans, Detroit was an industrial juggernaut in the early 1900s. During the two World Wars, Detroit was a leading supplier to the military. The birthplace of the automobile and the home of the "Big 3" (General Motors, Ford and Chrysler), Detroit remains the nucleus of the industry despite competition from Japan and Europe. One of the largest manufacturing cities in the country, Detroit is a leader in steel, fabricated-metal, chemicals, paper products, food and beverages. The health industry is also among the city's leading employers.

There are also a few postseconday institutions in Detroit, such as Wayne State University, Marygrove College, The University of Detroit Mercy, and the College for Creative Studies.

Detroit Culture

Perhaps more than any other city, Detroit has contributed great names in the music industry to America's ears. Detroit record producer Berry Gordy created the Motown sound in the 1960s, with legendary Detroit artists such as Smokey Robinson, Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye, the Supremes and the Temptations. Even aside from Motown, the seemingly endless list of Detroit musicians reads like a who's who in music, with John Lee Hooker, Aretha Franklin, Madonna, Bob Seger, George Clinton, Anita Baker, Wilson Pickett, Iggy Pop, Alice Cooper, Kid Rock and Eminem.

Music and cars dominate the cultural attractions in the Detroit area. The Motown Museum in the north of the city offers a memorable tribute to Berry Gordy and his influential stable of artists. The International Jazz Festival, held each September at Hart Plaza on the Detroit Riverfront, is the largest free jazz festival in North America, featuring 1000 musicians and over 100 performances. Just west of Detroit in Dearborn, the Henry Ford bills itself as "America's greatest history attraction," where you can watch automobiles being manufactured at the Ford Rouge Factory Tour, experience America's past in Greenfield Village, and see the latest films at an IMAX theatre. Just a half-hour away, the Silverdome in Pontiac produces many major concerts each year.

Detroit Sports and Leisure

Detroit has a long sports history in all four major leagues. Baseball's Detroit Tigers play downtown at 40,000-seat, state-of-the-art Comerica Park, which has a Ferris Wheel and a carousel. Adjacent 65,000-seat Ford Field is the domed den of the NFL's Lions. The stadium also hosts national events such as the Super Bowl and NCAA Men's Final Four basketball. The NHL's Detroit Red Wings play at 20,000-seat Joe Louis Arena, which also features college tournaments such as the Great Lakes Invitational in December and the CCHA tournament in March. A half-hour drive northwest of the city, the 2,000-seat Palace at Auburn Hills hosts the NBA's Detroit Pistons, the WNBA's Shock, and Arena Football's Fury. Just 33 miles west of the city in Ann Arbor, the University of Michigan Wolverines play at 107,500-seat Michigan Stadium, the largest in the country. Another 45 miles west is East Lansing, home to the Michigan State University Spartans.

Detroit Outdoors

With easy access to water sports on the Great Lakes and Detroit River, Detroit offers an endless array of outdoor activities.

Detroit at Night

A popular section of Detroit for the young and hip is along the riverfront. The Renaissance Center ("Ren Cen") is a 7-building, 73-story office and hotel complex with restaurants, shops and great views of the lakes. The Greektown neighborhood is another popular area, with places to grab ethnic foods, coffee and libations of all kinds. The downtown area near Comerica Park and Ford Field is another hotspot. A short drive to Ann Arbor will access a progressive city and a thriving college scene. Home to the University of Michigan, the area is loaded with hip bars, coffee houses and places to hear live music. Detroit has three casinos within the city and another across the Canadian border in Windsor.

People

Total Population 690,074
Male Share of the Population 47.3%
Female Share of the Population 52.7%
Senior Citizens 12.4%
Employed Population 16+ 207,868
Age of the Population 35

Families

% of people married 22.7%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 13.5%
Median Earnings25+ $23,750
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $16,381
Median Earnings With High School Degree $20,932

Wealth

Median Family Income $30,999
% Above Poverty Level 59.7%
% Below Poverty Level 40.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 27 minutes
% Working from Home 3.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work 4.1%
% Using Public Transportation 8.6%

Housing

People Living Alone 38.6%
Median Gross Rent $747
Median House Value $42,300

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 81.1%
US/American 0%
English 0.7%
Irish 1.6%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Detroit Almanac

Category Value
County Wayne
Standard Zip Codes 48201, 48202, 48203, 48204, 48205, 48206, 48207, 48208, 48209, 48210, 48211, 48212, 48213, 48214, 48215, 48216, 48217, 48218, 48219, 48220, 48221, 48223, 48224, 48225, 48226, 48227, 48228, 48229, 48230, 48233, 48234, 48235, 48236, 48237, 48238, 48239, 48240, 48242, 48243
P.O. Box Zip Codes 48231, 48232, 48244
Company Zip Codes 48222, 48255, 48260, 48264, 48265, 48266, 48267, 48268, 48269, 48272, 48275, 48277, 48278, 48279, 48288
Phone Area Codes 248
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.331
Longitude -83.045

Detroit Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station DETROIT CITY AP
Distance 5.3 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 33 F
Apr Temp 39 to 59 F
Jul Temp 66 to 85 F
Oct Temp 45 to 62 F
Annual Precip 0 inches
Station DEARBORN
Distance 9.6 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 33 F
Apr Temp 37 to 60 F
Jul Temp 62 to 86 F
Oct Temp 41 to 64 F
Annual Precip 33.5 inches
Station DETROIT METRO AP
Distance 16.2 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 31 F
Apr Temp 38 to 58 F
Jul Temp 64 to 83 F
Oct Temp 43 to 61 F
Annual Precip 32.8 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Detroit, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Delray (48217)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Dearborn 96,069 $55,183
Grosse Pointe 5,295 $131,250
Grosse Pointe Park 11,343 $125,737
Hamtramck 22,150 $27,314
Highland Park 11,102 $22,180
River Rouge 7,673 $27,641

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Detroit Public Libraries

Library
Detroit Public Library
5201 WOODWARD AVENUE
Detroit, Michigan
(313) 833-1000
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Detroit Hospitals

HARPER UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
3990 JOHN R STREET
(313) 745-6211
Emergency Service: Yes

KARMANOS CANCER CENTER
(Proprietary)
4100 JOHN R
(313) 576-8660
Emergency Service: Yes

DETROIT REC HOSP & UNIV HLTH CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
4201 ST ANTOINE ST
(313) 745-3000
Emergency Service: Yes

HENRY FORD HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
2799 W GRAND BLVD
(313) 916-8058
Emergency Service: Yes

ST JOHN DETROIT RIVERVIEW HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
7733 E JEFFERSON
(313) 499-4100
Emergency Service: Yes

UNITED COMMUNITY HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
2401 20TH STREET
(313) 964-4422
Emergency Service: No

SINAI-GRACE HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
6071 W OUTER DR
(313) 966-4500
Emergency Service: Yes

ST JOHN HOSPITAL & MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
22101 MOROSS RD
(313) 343-4000
Emergency Service: Yes

John D. Dingell VA Medical Center
(VA)
4646 John R
(313) 576-1000 or (800) 511-8056
Emergency Service:

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Detroit High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

DENBY HIGH SCHOOL
12800 KELLY ROAD
313-866-7200
Serves 2,364 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25.1

DETROIT ACADEMY OF ARTS AND SCIENCES
2985 E. JEFFERSON AVENUE
313-259-1744
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 2,254 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21.7

CASS TECHNICAL HIGH SCHOOL
2421 SECOND AVENUE
313-596-3900
Serves 2,195 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 29.3

PERSHING HIGH SCHOOL
18875 RYAN ROAD
313-866-7700
Serves 2,055 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25.4

OSBORN HIGH SCHOOL
11600 E. 7 MILE ROAD
313-866-0343
Serves 2,026 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 30.2

CODY HIGH SCHOOL
18445 CATHEDRAL STREET
313-866-9200
Serves 1,969 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.6

MUMFORD HIGH SCHOOL
17525 WYOMING STREET
313-494-7064
Serves 1,929 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 27.6

REDFORD HIGH SCHOOL
21431 GRAND RIVER AVENUE
313-533-1900
Serves 1,873 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 28.4

KING HIGH SCHOOL
3200 E. LAFAYETTE STREET
313-494-7373
Serves 1,838 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 29.2

SOUTHEASTERN HIGH SCHOOL
3030 FAIRVIEW STREET
313-866-4500
Serves 1,814 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 40.3

FINNEY HIGH SCHOOL
17200 SOUTHAMPTON STREET
313-417-8800
Serves 1,811 students.

FORD HIGH SCHOOL
20000 EVERGREEN ROAD
313-494-7567
Serves 1,769 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 35.4

KETTERING HIGH SCHOOL
6101 VAN DYKE AVENUE
313-866-5336
Serves 1,738 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.5

MACKENZIE HIGH SCHOOL
9275 WYOMING STREET
313-873-9900
Serves 1,737 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 27.1

COOLEY HIGH SCHOOL
15055 HUBBELL AVENUE
313-866-9400
Serves 1,570 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.7

MURRAY-WRIGHT HIGH SCHOOL
2001 W. WARREN AVENUE
313-596-3555
Serves 1,569 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25.3

WESTERN INTERNATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
1500 SCOTTEN STREET
313-849-4758
Serves 1,485 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 30.9

NORTHWESTERN HIGH SCHOOL
2200 W. GRAND BOULEVARD
313-596-0700
Serves 1,374 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 29.9

NORTHERN HIGH SCHOOL
9026 WOODWARD AVENUE
313-873-1250
Serves 1,308 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 33.5

CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL
2425 TUXEDO STREET
313-252-3000
Serves 1,207 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21.9

RENAISSANCE HIGH SCHOOL
6565 W. OUTER DRIVE
313-494-7212
Serves 895 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 35.8

CHADSEY HIGH SCHOOL
5335 MARTIN STREET
313-596-3690
Serves 868 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 27.1

SOUTHWESTERN HIGH SCHOOL
6921 W. FORT STREET
313-849-4521
Serves 817 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22.1

HERMAN/ROGERS ACADEMY
16400 TIREMAN STREET
313-584-5525
Serves 640 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20

CROCKETT VOCATIONAL TECH. CENTER
571 MACK AVENUE
313-494-1805
A Vocational School
Serves 561 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 23.4

DETROIT HS-FINE & PERFORMING ARTS
4333 ROSA PARKS BOULEVARD
313-494-2357
Serves 539 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.4

COMMUNICATION & MEDIA ARTS HS
14771 MANSFIELD STREET
313-866-9300
Serves 505 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24

WESTON TECHNICAL ACADEMY
22930 CHIPPEWA
313-387-6038
A Charter School.
Serves 493 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.4

CROSMAN HIGH SCHOOL
9027 JOHN C. LODGE
313-873-1560
A Non-traditional School
Serves 421 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 28.1

FERGUSON ACADEMY FOR YOUNG WOMEN
2750 SELDEN STREET
313-596-4766
Serves 389 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 32.4

WEST SIDE ACADEMY ALT. ED
12305 DEXTER
313-873-9070
A Non-traditional School
Serves 331 students.

DETROIT COMMUNITY HIGH SCHOOL
9331 GRANDVILLE AVENUE
313-835-3500
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 330 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.3

HS OF COMMERCE & BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
20119 WISCONSIN STREET
313-494-3851
Serves 306 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17

TIMBUKTU ACADEMY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
9980 GRATIOT AVENUE
313-579-3250
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 274 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.2

DETROIT CITY HIGH SCHOOL
3500 MCGRAW STREET
313-596-0010
Serves 273 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.1

DETROIT SCHOOL OF INDUSTRIAL ARTS
11406 MORANG DRIVE
313-839-1883
A Charter School.
Serves 269 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17

DAVIS AEROSPACE HIGH SCHOOL
10200 ERWIN STREET
313-866-5401
Serves 268 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.4

DOUGLASS ACADEMY
2600 LELAND STREET
313-866-6550
Serves 260 students.

AISHA SHULE/WEB DUBOIS PREP. SCHOOL
10711 PURITAN STREET
313-345-6050
A Charter School.
Serves 238 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.9

CHARLOTTE FORTEN ACADEMY
5690 CECIL STREET
313-897-2203
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 218 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 39.6

BLANCHE KELSO BRUCE ACADEMY-CONNOR
5555 CONNOR
313-924-0091
A Charter School.
Serves 187 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.4

BENJAMIN CARSON ACADEMY
1326 ST. ANTOINE
313-967-2001
A Charter School.
Serves 127 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 9.1

CASA RICHARD ACADEMY
2635 HOWARD
313-963-7757
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 127 students.

MARILYN F. LUNDY ACADEMY
12555 S. MCDOUGALL
313-369-1270
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 124 students.

BARSAMIAN PREPARATORY CENTER
7650 2ND AVENUE
313-873-1288
A Non-traditional School
Serves 103 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.7

MICHIGAN HEALTH ACADEMY
5845 AUBURN
313-982-9422
A Charter School.
Serves 97 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.6

BLANCHE KELSO BRUCE ACADEMY-ELIOT CENTER
3500 JOHN R
313-494-3259
A Charter School.
Serves 55 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.6

RANDOLPH VOC/TECH CENTER
17101 HUBBELL STREET
313-494-7100
A Vocational School
Serves 49 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7

GOLIGHTLY CAREER AND TECHNICAL CENTER
900 DICKERSON AVENUE
313-822-8820
A Vocational School
Serves 22 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 2.8

BREITHAUPT VOC-TECH CENTER
9300 HUBBELL STREET
313-866-9550
A Vocational School
Serves 14 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 2.8

AFRICAN HERITAGE CENTER
21511 W. MCNICHOLS
313-494-2357
A Non-traditional School

Additional Details
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Historic Detroit

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Detroit (organ at Fort St. Presbyterian Church) between 1900 and 1915

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Detroit (organ at Fort St. Presbyterian Church) between 1900 and 1915

Detroit (Penobscot Building) 1905

S.S. North Land (Detroit River scene) between 1900 and 1915

Additional Resources
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