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Overview

An Introduction to Jefferson City, Missouri

Jefferson City is the capital of Missouri and is situated in Cole County. It's located near the northern outskirts of the Ozarks and along the Missouri River. The city was given its name in tribute to President Thomas Jefferson. The area was incorporated as a city in 1839.

History

The region was originally inhabited by natives known as the Mound Builders. After the community disappeared the area became home to the Osage Indians. In 1682 an explorer named LaSalle entered the region and claimed the territory for France. During the 1800's the frontiersman Daniel Boone established the Boone's Lick Trail. Later, the city was designed by Daniel Morgan Boone who was the son of the noteworthy frontiersman.

In 1821 Jefferson City was selected to be the home of the state capital. Industries in the area such as grist mills, distilleries, flour mills and tanneries began to thrive. The arrival of the Civil War brought contentious debates regarding whether or not slavery would still be allowed in the state of Missouri and if the state should leave the Union. In the end, the state assembly decided that Missouri would remain in the Union. There was a brief battle with Confederate troops but the Union soldiers managed to keep control of Jefferson City.

Attractions

  • The Missouri Governor's Mansion is a popular attraction. The home has a Victorian appearance and features antique furnishings.
  • The Lohman Building is recognized as the oldest building in the city and is included in the Jefferson Landing State Historic Site.
  • Graham Cave State Park was occupied by humans more than 10,000 years ago. Tours are provided for visitors. The cave is surrounded by a forest area and provides hiking trails and picnic areas.
  • The Missouri State Capitol Building.
  • Missouri State Museum.
  • Jefferson Landing Historic Site.
  • Cole County Historical Museum.
  • Runge Nature Center
  • The Missouri Veterinary Museum
  • Museum of Missouri Military History

Higher Education

Jefferson City is home to Lincoln University. It was originally established to provide education for African American students by combining academics and work. In 1954 the college was open to students of all races. The university is comprised of:

  • College of Business and Professional Studies
  • College of Liberal Arts, Education and Journalism
  • College of Natural Science, Mathematics and Technology, Cooperative Extension and Research
  • School of Graduate Studies and Continuing Education

People

Total Population 43,186
Male Share of the Population 52.1%
Female Share of the Population 47.9%
Senior Citizens 13.7%
Employed Population 16+ 19,143
Age of the Population 38

Families

% of people married 41.8%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 34.1%
Median Earnings25+ $35,223
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $19,459
Median Earnings With High School Degree $25,552

Wealth

Median Family Income $62,147
% Above Poverty Level 83.9%
% Below Poverty Level 16.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 15 minutes
% Working from Home 2%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.1%
% Using Public Transportation 0.4%

Housing

People Living Alone 34.6%
Median Gross Rent $583
Median House Value $138,800

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 30.5%
US/American 0%
English 9.5%
Irish 11.9%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Jefferson City Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 27 miles S of Columbia, Missouri (center to center)
Nearest Large City 102 miles W of St. Louis, Missouri
County Cole
Standard Zip Codes 65101, 65109
P.O. Box Zip Codes 65102, 65110
Company Zip Codes 65103, 65104, 65105, 65106, 65107, 65108, 65111
Phone Area Codes 573
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 38.576
Longitude -92.173

Jefferson City Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station JEFFERSON CITY WTR PL
Distance 0.7 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 39 F
Apr Temp 42 to 67 F
Jul Temp 66 to 89 F
Oct Temp 43 to 70 F
Annual Precip 39.5 inches
Station COLUMBIA RGNL AP
Distance 16.8 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 37 F
Apr Temp 43 to 66 F
Jul Temp 66 to 89 F
Oct Temp 44 to 68 F
Annual Precip 40.2 inches
Station FREEDOM
Distance 26.7 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 39 F
Apr Temp 42 to 67 F
Jul Temp 65 to 89 F
Oct Temp 44 to 69 F
Annual Precip 40.4 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Jefferson City, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Brazito (65109)

Cedar City (65101)

Elston (65109)

Honey Creek (65101)

Jefferson Cty (65101, 65102, 65109, 65110)

Osage Bend (65101)

Osage Bluff (65101)

Osage City (65101)

Schubert (65101)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Centertown 288 $56,250
Holts Summit 3,447 $62,313
Lohman 192 $60,417

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Jefferson City Public Libraries

Library
Missouri River Regional Library
214 ADAMS
Jefferson City, Missouri
(573) 634-2464
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Jefferson City Hospitals

ST MARYS HEALTH CENTER
(Proprietary)
100 ST MARYS MEDICAL PLAZA
(573) 761-7000
Emergency Service: Yes

CAPITAL REGION MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
1125 MADISON ST
(573) 632-5000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Jefferson City High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

JEFFERSON CITY HIGH
609 UNION
573-659-3050
Serves 1,801 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.4

BLAIR OAKS HIGH
6124 FALCON LN
573-635-8514
Serves 387 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.5

H KENNETH KIRCHNER ST SCH
1403 RIVERSIDE DR
573-337-7142
Serves 23 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 3.6

PRENGER FAMILY CTR.
400 STADIUM BLVD
573-636-5177
A Non-traditional School

NICHOLS CAREER CTR.
605 UNION
573-659-3100
A Vocational School

Additional Details
Jefferson City Careers
Jefferson City career and employment information.
Jefferson City Colleges
Jefferson City colleges and trade schools.
Jefferson City Graduate Schools
Jefferson City Graduate and Business Schools
Study Online in Jefferson City
Historic Jefferson City

photo

Missouri state captitol. between 1910 and 1917
Additional Resources
Info for Jefferson City Government Officials


Are you an official in the Jefferson City government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.

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