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Overview

An Introduction to Jefferson City, Missouri

Jefferson City is the capital of Missouri and is situated in Cole County. It's located near the northern outskirts of the Ozarks and along the Missouri River. The city was given its name in tribute to President Thomas Jefferson. The area was incorporated as a city in 1839.

History

The region was originally inhabited by natives known as the Mound Builders. After the community disappeared the area became home to the Osage Indians. In 1682 an explorer named LaSalle entered the region and claimed the territory for France. During the 1800's the frontiersman Daniel Boone established the Boone's Lick Trail. Later, the city was designed by Daniel Morgan Boone who was the son of the noteworthy frontiersman.

In 1821 Jefferson City was selected to be the home of the state capital. Industries in the area such as grist mills, distilleries, flour mills and tanneries began to thrive. The arrival of the Civil War brought contentious debates regarding whether or not slavery would still be allowed in the state of Missouri and if the state should leave the Union. In the end, the state assembly decided that Missouri would remain in the Union. There was a brief battle with Confederate troops but the Union soldiers managed to keep control of Jefferson City.

Attractions

  • The Missouri Governor's Mansion is a popular attraction. The home has a Victorian appearance and features antique furnishings.
  • The Lohman Building is recognized as the oldest building in the city and is included in the Jefferson Landing State Historic Site.
  • Graham Cave State Park was occupied by humans more than 10,000 years ago. Tours are provided for visitors. The cave is surrounded by a forest area and provides hiking trails and picnic areas.
  • The Missouri State Capitol Building.
  • Missouri State Museum.
  • Jefferson Landing Historic Site.
  • Cole County Historical Museum.
  • Runge Nature Center
  • The Missouri Veterinary Museum
  • Museum of Missouri Military History

Higher Education

Jefferson City is home to Lincoln University. It was originally established to provide education for African American students by combining academics and work. In 1954 the college was open to students of all races. The university is comprised of:

  • College of Business and Professional Studies
  • College of Liberal Arts, Education and Journalism
  • College of Natural Science, Mathematics and Technology, Cooperative Extension and Research
  • School of Graduate Studies and Continuing Education

Demographics

People

Total Population43,143
Male Share of the Population51.6%
Female Share of the Population48.4%
Senior Citizens14.3%
Employed Population 16+19,432
Age of the Population37

Families

% of people married42.2%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher32.9%
Median Earnings25+$33,617
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$21,667
Median Earnings With High School Degree$24,487

Wealth

Median Family Income$62,989
% Above Poverty Level84.3%
% Below Poverty Level15.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time15 minutes
% Working from Home2%
% Walking and Biking to Work1.9%
% Using Public Transportation0.4%

Housing

People Living Alone34.6%
Median Gross Rent$586
Median House Value$139,300

Ancestry

German29.6%
Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)28.7%
Irish11.5%
English9.1%
French Except Basque3.3%
Italian2.6%
African2.4%
Scottish1.7%
Dutch1.1%
Polish1%
Russian0.5%
Norwegian0.5%
Swedish0.4%
Arab0.4%
Welsh0.4%
Swiss0.3%
Czech0.3%
Lebanese0.3%
Ghanaian0.2%
West Indian0.2%
Jamaican0.2%
Hungarian0.2%
Austrian0.2%
Danishn0.2%
Croatian0.2%
Bahamian0.1%
Moroccan0.1%
Greek0.1%
Canadian0.1%
Ethiopian0.1%
Kenyan0.1%
+ Show More

Jefferson City Almanac

CategoryValue
County Cole County
Standard Zip Codes65109, 65101
P.O. Box Zip Codes65102, 65110
Company Zip Codes65103, 65104, 65105, 65106, 65107, 65108, 65111
Phone Area Codes573
Time ZoneAmerica/Chicago
Approximate Latitude38.57
Approximate Longitude-92.19

Jefferson City Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationJEFFERSON CITY WTR PL
Distance0.7 miles
Jan Temp18 to 39 F
Apr Temp42 to 67 F
Jul Temp66 to 89 F
Oct Temp43 to 70 F
Annual Precip39.5 inches
StationCOLUMBIA RGNL AP
Distance16.8 miles
Jan Temp18 to 37 F
Apr Temp43 to 66 F
Jul Temp66 to 89 F
Oct Temp44 to 68 F
Annual Precip40.2 inches
StationFREEDOM
Distance26.7 miles
Jan Temp18 to 39 F
Apr Temp42 to 67 F
Jul Temp65 to 89 F
Oct Temp44 to 69 F
Annual Precip40.4 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Centertown285$68,250
Holts Summit3,525$61,168
Lohman167$57,500
St. Martins1,127$76,106
Taos1,334$86,944
Wardsville1,719$94,583

Jefferson City Public Libraries

Missouri River Regional Library
209 ADAMS ST
Jefferson City, Missouri
(573) 634-2464

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Jefferson City Hospitals

St. Mary's Health Center
(Non-profit)
100 St. Mary's Medical Plaza
(573) 761-7000
Capital Region Medical Center
(Non-profit)
1125 Madison
(573) 632-5000

Jefferson City Public Schools

Algoa Correctional Center
8501 No More Victims Rd.
ZIP: 65101
(573) 751-3911
Other
Blair Oaks Elem.
6124 Falcon Ln
ZIP: 65101
(573) 634-2808
Primary
Total Enrollment 393
Blair Oaks High
6124 Falcon Ln
ZIP: 65101
(573) 635-8514
High
Total Enrollment 419
Blair Oaks Middle School
6124 Falcon Ln
ZIP: 65101
(573) 634-2053
Middle
Total Enrollment 358
East Elem.
1229 E Mccarty
ZIP: 65101
(573) 659-3165
Primary
Total Enrollment 388
H Kenneth Kirchner School
1403 Riverside Dr
ZIP: 65101
(573) 751-7142
Other
Total Enrollment 25
Jefferson City High
609 Union
ZIP: 65101
(573) 659-3050
High
Total Enrollment 2534
Lewis And Clark Middle
325 Lewis And Clark Dr
ZIP: 65101
(573) 659-3200
Middle
Total Enrollment 945
Moreau Heights Elem.
1410 Hough Park
ZIP: 65101
(573) 659-3180
Primary
Total Enrollment 429
Nichols Career Ctr.
605 Union
ZIP: 65101
(573) 659-3100
High
Prenger Family Ctr.
400 Stadium Blvd
ZIP: 65101
(573) 636-5177
High
Thorpe J. Gordon Elem.
1101 Jackson
ZIP: 65101
(573) 659-3170
Primary
Total Enrollment 310
Movip High School
205 Jefferson St
ZIP: 65102
(877) 336-6847
Other
Total Enrollment 24
Belair Elem.
701 Belair
ZIP: 65109
(573) 659-3155
Primary
Total Enrollment 452
Cedar Hill Elem.
1510 Vieth
ZIP: 65109
(573) 659-3160
Primary
Total Enrollment 400
Clarence Lawson Elem.
1105 Fairgrounds Rd
ZIP: 65109
(573) 659-3175
Primary
Total Enrollment 570
Movip Elem. School
3551 Amazonas Dr
ZIP: 65109
(573) 638-0228
Primary
Total Enrollment 14
Pioneer Trail Elementary
301 Pioneer Trail
ZIP: 65109
(573) 632-3400
Primary
Total Enrollment 560
South Elem.
707 Linden Dr
ZIP: 65109
(573) 659-3185
Primary
Total Enrollment 308
Southwest Early Childhood Ctr
812 St Mary's Blvd
ZIP: 65109
(573) 659-3190
Primary
Total Enrollment 211
Thomas Jefferson Middle
1201 Fairgrounds Rd
ZIP: 65109
(573) 659-3250
Middle
Total Enrollment 999
West Elem.
100 Dix Rd
ZIP: 65109
(573) 659-3195
Primary
Total Enrollment 389

Jefferson City Private Schools

Calvary Lutheran High School
2525 Route B
ZIP: 65101
Secondary
Total Enrollment 43
Central Baptist Christian Academy
1812 E Mccarty St
ZIP: 65101
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 11
Immaculate Conception School
1208 E Mccarty St
ZIP: 65101
Elementary
Total Enrollment 381
Immanuel Lutheran School
8231 Tanner Bridge Rd
ZIP: 65101
Elementary
Total Enrollment 84
Kim School
1032 Kim School Cir
ZIP: 65101
Elementary
Total Enrollment 7
Moreau Montessori School
900 Moreau Dr
ZIP: 65101
Elementary
Total Enrollment 8
St Francis Xavier School
7307 Route M
ZIP: 65101
Elementary
Total Enrollment 188
St Peter Interparish Catholic School
314 W High St
ZIP: 65101
Elementary
Total Enrollment 453
St Stanislaus School
6410 Route W
ZIP: 65101
Elementary
Total Enrollment 205
Concord Christian School
3212 Emerald Ln Ste 100
ZIP: 65109
Elementary
Total Enrollment 88
Helias High School
1305 Swifts Hwy
ZIP: 65109
Secondary
Total Enrollment 768
St Joseph Cathedral School
2303 W Main St
ZIP: 65109
Elementary
Total Enrollment 433
St Martin Elementary School
7206 Saint Martins Blvd
ZIP: 65109
Elementary
Total Enrollment 226
Trinity Lutheran School
812 Stadium Blvd
ZIP: 65109
Elementary
Total Enrollment 332
Sources :
Additional Details
Jefferson City Careers
Jefferson City career and employment information.
Jefferson City Colleges
Jefferson City colleges and trade schools.
Jefferson City Graduate Schools
Jefferson City Graduate and Business Schools
Study Online in Jefferson City
Historic Jefferson City

photo

Missouri state captitol. between 1910 and 1917
Additional Resources
Info for Jefferson City Government Officials


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