Introduction to Elko, Nevada

Elko, Nevada, in Elko county, is 191 miles S of Nampa, Idaho (center to center) and 323 miles N of Las Vegas, Nevada.

Elko History

The city of Elko, which is the county seat of Elko County, was first inhabited in 1868. At that time it was located at the eastern end of the tracks constructed by the Central Pacific Railroad. After the railroad crew moved, the community remained a mining freight center as well as a supply center. The area is said to have been named by Charles Crocker (Superintendent, Central Pacific Railroad), who was extremely fond of animal names. He chose the name Elko, by adding an extra 'o' to 'elk'. Elko was designated the county seat in 1869, and was officially incorporated in 1917.

Elko and Nearby Attractions

  • Western Folklife Center
  • Hillside Park
  • Northeastern Nevada Museum
  • Riverview Park
  • Wild Horse State Recreation Area
  • Northeastern Nevada Museum

Things To Do In Elko

Western Shoshone Historic Preservation Society, Wild Horse State Recreation Area, and the Northeastern Nevada Museum are places of interest near Elko. Ruby View Golf Course offers opportunities to play golf. Annual festivals celebrated are the National Basque Festival in June, Elko County Fair in August, the National Cowboy Poetry Gathering in January, and the Great Humboldt Duck Race in July. Parks including Ruby Mountains Recreational Area, Jarbidge Recreational Area, Wilson Reservoir Recreational Area, South Fork State Recreational Area, and Ruby Valley Hot Springs offer recreational activities like hiking, swimming, camping, and biking.

Elko Transportation

Air transportation is available from Elko Regional Airport.

Elko Higher Education

Great Basin College is the local college. Nearby colleges include College of Southern Idaho, Weber State University, and Boise State University.


Total Population 19,709
Male Share of the Population 52.5%
Female Share of the Population 47.5%
Senior Citizens 7.9%
Employed Population 16+ 9,673
Age of the Population 30


% of people married 50.1%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 21.1%
Median Earnings25+ $45,832
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $31,585
Median Earnings With High School Degree $35,000


Median Family Income $80,087
% Above Poverty Level 89.4%
% Below Poverty Level 10.6%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 29 minutes
% Working from Home 3.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 4.1%
% Using Public Transportation 16%


People Living Alone 22.2%
Median Gross Rent $953
Median House Value $209,600


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 41.2%
US/American 0.1%
English 7.6%
Irish 8%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Elko Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 191 miles S of Nampa, Idaho (center to center)
Nearest Large City 323 miles N of Las Vegas, Nevada
County Elko
Standard Zip Codes 89801, 89815
P.O. Box Zip Codes 89802, 89803
Phone Area Codes 775
Time Zone Pacific (-8 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.832
Longitude -115.762

Elko Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station ELKO
Distance 2 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 37 F
Apr Temp 30 to 59 F
Jul Temp 49 to 90 F
Oct Temp 28 to 65 F
Annual Precip 9.5 inches
Distance 29.6 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 33 F
Apr Temp 33 to 52 F
Jul Temp 61 to 83 F
Oct Temp 41 to 58 F
Annual Precip 12.3 inches
Station DEETH
Distance 30.5 miles
Jan Temp 9 to 36 F
Apr Temp 27 to 59 F
Jul Temp 44 to 87 F
Oct Temp 24 to 64 F
Annual Precip 12.4 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Elko, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Elburz (89824)

Halleck (89824)

Jiggs (89815)

Lee (89801)

North Fork (89801)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Carlin 2,299 $79,792

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Elko Public Libraries

Elko County Library System
Elko, Nevada
(775) 738-3066
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Elko Hospitals

(775) 738-5151
Emergency Service: Yes

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Elko High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,217 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.7

Serves 857 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.6

A Non-traditional School

Elko Colleges

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Additional Details
Elko Colleges
Elko colleges and trade schools.
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