Introduction to Caldwell, New Jersey

Caldwell, New Jersey is 5 miles S of Wayne, New Jersey and 9 miles NW of Newark, New Jersey. It is in Essex county.

Caldwell History

This area was initially inhabited by Lenni-Lenape Native American tribes. It was then known as Horseneck Tract. Europeans settled in the community sometime around 1740, when Saunders Sanders and Thomas Gould became the first people to arrive in the area. On February 17, 1787, the community was renamed Caldwell after Reverend James Caldwell. Caldwell Township was officially formed in 1798, and included in what is now known as Caldwell and West Caldwell. On February 10, 1892, the borough of Caldwell was established by carving out parts of Caldwell Township.

Caldwell and nearby Attractions

  • Grover Cleveland Birthplace
  • American Folk Art Museum
  • Abyssinian Baptist Church
  • Blauvelt State Park
  • Castle Clinton National Monument

Things To Do In Caldwell

Local museums include the American Labor Museum, the Museum of Early Trades & Crafts, the New Jersey Historical Society Museum, the Whippany Railway Museum and the Lambert Castle Museum. The Edison National Historic Site, the Israel Crane House and the Van Riper-Hopper House are all accessible from Caldwell as well. President Grover Cleveland's birthplace is located in the town of Caldwell. The South Mountain Reservation, occupying over 2,000 acres, features nature trails, a zoo, and picnic and fishing spots. Branch Brook Park, Brookdale Park, Dahnert's Lake County Park and Saddle River County Park are some of the local parks. From the Brooklyn Heights Promenade, visitors can enjoy views of the Statue of Liberty, the Brooklyn Bridge and downtown Manhattan. Other popular local destinations include the Bergen County Zoological Park, the New York Aquarium, the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, the George Washington Bridge, the Cora Hartshorn Arboretum & Bird Sanctuary, and the Turtle Back Zoo.

Caldwell Transportation

Air transportation is available from Newark Liberty International Airport.

Caldwell Higher Education

Caldwell is home to Caldwell College. Other colleges and universities located nearby include Montclair State University and Seton Hall University.


Total Population 7,902
Male Share of the Population 45.7%
Female Share of the Population 54.3%
Senior Citizens 18%
Employed Population 16+ 3,862
Age of the Population 41


% of people married 46%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 49.6%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $102,813
% Above Poverty Level 95.2%
% Below Poverty Level 4.8%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 30 minutes
% Working from Home 5.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1.8%
% Using Public Transportation 6.9%


People Living Alone 39.4%
Median Gross Rent $1,309
Median House Value $407,200


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 17.8%
US/American 0.5%
English 5.7%
Irish 17.7%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Caldwell Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 5 miles S of Wayne, New Jersey (center to center)
Nearest Large City 9 miles NW of Newark, New Jersey
County Essex
Standard Zip Codes 07006
P.O. Box Zip Codes 07007
Phone Area Codes 973
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.839
Longitude -74.276

Caldwell Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 0.6 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 36 F
Apr Temp 38 to 60 F
Jul Temp 62 to 84 F
Oct Temp 41 to 64 F
Annual Precip 51.9 inches
Distance 7.3 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 39 F
Apr Temp 38 to 62 F
Jul Temp 62 to 86 F
Oct Temp 40 to 66 F
Annual Precip 51.6 inches
Distance 10.3 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 38 F
Apr Temp 44 to 61 F
Jul Temp 69 to 85 F
Oct Temp 48 to 65 F
Annual Precip 46.2 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Essex Fells 2,153 $193,929
North Caldwell 6,415 $201,250
Roseland 5,853 $137,202
Verona 13,489 $135,350
West Caldwell 10,936 $120,991
West Orange 47,014 $110,919

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Caldwell Public Libraries

Caldwell Free Public Library
Caldwell, New Jersey
(973) 226-2837
Library Web Site

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Caldwell Colleges

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