Introduction to Irvington, New Jersey

Irvington, New Jersey, in Essex county, is 3 miles W of Newark, New Jersey. The city is situated along the Elizabeth River. The acreage located east of the river has a rolling plain landscape. The west side of the river includes a portion of the Orange Mountains.

The vast majority of the citizens are African Americans. The city is known for its high violent crime rate. Irvington is part of the New York metro area. Parts of Irvington have been designated as Urban Enterprise Zones.

Irvington History

The area was named Camptown until the mid-1800s. In 1850 the citizens were concerned that the actions mentioned in the well known song Camptown Races would be part of the reputation of the town. It was renamed in honor of Washington Irving and was incorporated as a village in 1874. In 1898 it was incorporated as a town. During the first three quarters of the 20th century Irvington experienced significant growth due to the arrival of immigrants.

The 1967 Newark riots causes a large number of residents to leave Newark and move to nearby Irvington. The city had been prominently a white community but the vast majority of the citizens are now African Americans. A crack epidemic occurred in Irvington in the 1980s.

Irvington and nearby Attractions and Activities

  • Branch Brook Park
  • Eagle Rock Reservation
  • Montclair Art Museum
  • Weequahic Park
  • NJ Capoeira Arts Center
  • Irvington Park
  • New Jersey Historical Society Museum
  • Essex County Roller Skating Rink
  • Brookdale Park
  • Liberty Hall Museum
  • South Mountain Reservation
  • Edgemont Memorial Park

Irvington Transportation

The city is served by the nearby Newark Liberty International Airport. New Jersey Transit provides bus services.


Total Population 54,320
Male Share of the Population 47.9%
Female Share of the Population 52.1%
Senior Citizens 10.4%
Employed Population 16+ 24,057
Age of the Population 35


% of people married 28.4%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 13.3%
Median Earnings25+ $30,763
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $21,678
Median Earnings With High School Degree $27,370


Median Family Income $45,375
% Above Poverty Level 76.3%
% Below Poverty Level 23.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 34 minutes
% Working from Home 1.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.7%
% Using Public Transportation 22.2%


People Living Alone 35.9%
Median Gross Rent $969
Median House Value $191,800


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 57.9%
US/American 0%
English 0.2%
Irish 0.2%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Irvington Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 3 miles W of Newark, New Jersey
County Essex
Standard Zip Codes 07111
Phone Area Codes 973
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.732
Longitude -74.235

Irvington Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 3.8 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 38 F
Apr Temp 44 to 61 F
Jul Temp 69 to 85 F
Oct Temp 48 to 65 F
Annual Precip 46.2 inches
Distance 7.4 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 36 F
Apr Temp 38 to 60 F
Jul Temp 62 to 84 F
Oct Temp 41 to 64 F
Annual Precip 51.9 inches
Distance 9.2 miles
Jan Temp 25 to 40 F
Apr Temp 42 to 62 F
Jul Temp 67 to 86 F
Oct Temp 47 to 66 F
Annual Precip 48.6 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Hillside 21,779 $70,449
Maplewood 24,303 $144,383
Newark 279,793 $37,558
South Orange Village 16,305 $151,719

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Irvington Public Libraries

Irvington Public Library
Irvington, New Jersey
(973) 372-6400
Library Web Site

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Irvington High Schools

1253-1273 CLINTON AVE.
A Title I School.
Serves 1,818 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.9

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Info for Irvington Government Officials

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