Introduction to Montclair, New Jersey

Montclair Township is located in Essex County. Montclair is situated in the Watchung Mountains. Montclair was established as a township in 1868. The township offers impressive views including the New York City skyline. New York City is approximately 12 miles from Montclair. The township is recognized for its historic architecture. Montclair includes six historic districts. Some of the structures featured in the township were designed by prominent architects such as Goldsmith, Charles Follen McKim, Van Vleck, Mead, Charles A. Platt and several other notable architects.


Before the settlers arrived, the Montclair area was home to the Lenape Indians. In the early 1700s John Speer constructed a house near the Montclair border that still exists today. Soon other settlers established farms in the area. The area which is now recognized as the northern portion of Montclair was named Speertown. It experienced significant economic development in 1831 due to the completion of the Morris Canal.

In 1856 the railroad came to West Bloomfield. Over time, West Bloomfield became a commuter town and the residents eventually convinced officials at the post office to change the name to Montclair. In order to have an additional railroad provide service for the town, the residents secured a charter for another township and the Township of Montclair was established in 1868. Montclair Township experienced a significant expansion of the metropolitan area after the end of World War II.


The Montclair Art Museum features contemporary American and Native American works of art. The museum contains more than 5,000 Native American art objects as well as more than 10,000 pieces of American art.

Presby Memorial Iris Gardens is recognized as a living museum featuring iris flowers. It's considered to be the the biggest non-commercial garden dedicated to iris flowers in the world. The garden was created in 1927 in tribute to Frank Presby, a prominent horticulturalist who helped to establish the American Iris Society. Other attractions in the area include:

  • Howard Van Vleck Arboretum
  • Yogi Berra Museum and Learning Center
  • Crane House and Museum
  • Van Vleck House and Gardens

Higher Education

Montclair State University has a campus situated in the township. Montclair State University contains the following colleges:

  • College of Education and Human Services
  • College of Humanities and Social Sciences
  • College of Science and Mathematics
  • College of Arts
  • School of Business
  • Graduate School


Total Population 38,021
Male Share of the Population 46.1%
Female Share of the Population 53.9%
Senior Citizens 12.8%
Employed Population 16+ 18,691
Age of the Population 41


% of people married 49.8%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 68.2%
Median Earnings25+ $65,155
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $27,917
Median Earnings With High School Degree $34,034


Median Family Income $142,380
% Above Poverty Level 93.3%
% Below Poverty Level 6.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 37 minutes
% Working from Home 7.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.5%
% Using Public Transportation 25.4%


People Living Alone 30%
Median Gross Rent $1,431
Median House Value $585,400


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 36.8%
US/American 0.2%
English 6.4%
Irish 15.6%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Montclair Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 3 miles SW of Clifton, New Jersey (center to center)
Nearest Large City 6 miles N of Newark, New Jersey
County Essex
Standard Zip Codes 07042, 07043
Phone Area Codes 973
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.825
Longitude -74.209

Montclair Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 3.9 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 36 F
Apr Temp 38 to 60 F
Jul Temp 62 to 84 F
Oct Temp 41 to 64 F
Annual Precip 51.9 inches
Distance 7.9 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 38 F
Apr Temp 44 to 61 F
Jul Temp 69 to 85 F
Oct Temp 48 to 65 F
Annual Precip 46.2 inches
Distance 13 miles
Jan Temp 26 to 38 F
Apr Temp 44 to 61 F
Jul Temp 69 to 84 F
Oct Temp 50 to 64 F
Annual Precip 49.6 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Montclair, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Upper Montclair (07043)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Bloomfield 47,831 $86,586
Cedar Grove 12,529 $128,092
Glen Ridge 7,607 $200,703
Little Falls 14,551 $89,940
Verona 13,489 $135,350
West Orange 47,014 $110,919

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Montclair Public Libraries

Montclair Free Public Library
Montclair, New Jersey
(973) 744-0500
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Montclair Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(973) 429-6000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Montclair High Schools

Serves 1,797 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.4

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