Introduction to New Brunswick, New Jersey

The city of New Brunswick is the county seat of Middlesex County, New Jersey. Situated on the banks of the Raritan River in central New Jersey, New Brunswick sits 31 miles southwest of New York City and only 20 miles south of Newark International Airport. Another large city not too far away is Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (about 60 miles to the southwest). The city is serviced by the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) and U.S. Routes 1, 18 and 27. New Brunswick is the home of Rutgers University, the state university of New Jersey.

First settled by non-natives in the late 1600s, New Brunswick was originally called Prigmore's Swamp and later Inian's Ferry. Its present name was derived from the English royal house of Brunswick. Incorporated as a town in 1736 and chartered as a city in 1784, New Brunswick served as an early hub for Colonial travelers and traders and later became an important center of industry and commerce. Rutgers University, founded in the city in 1766, was the eighth college to be established in the colonies and the only state university to have existed before the Revolutionary War. In 1885, the Johnson brothers located their adhesive tape and gauze business in an old mill in the city, marking the beginnings of Johnson & Johnson, today the world's largest health care products manufacturer and still headquartered in downtown New Brunswick.

New Brunswick Area Attractions

New Brunswick is rich in historic sites of local and national significance. Some of the more popular are as follows:

  • State Theater: Home to the American Repertory Ballet and the Princeton Ballet School
  • Joyce Kilmer House: Birthplace of the famed poet and war hero
  • Buccleuch Mansion in Buccleuch Park: Constructed in 1739 and frequently visited by George Washington
  • The Henry Guest House: Built in 1760 by Henry Guest, a New Brunswick alderman and an associate of President John Adams
  • Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum at Rutgers University
  • Albus Cavus Art Gallery
  • Rutgers University Geology Museum
  • New Jersey Agricultural Museum at Cook College
  • Crossroads Theatre
  • George Street Playhouse
  • The historic Old Queens Campus of Rutgers University
  • Johnson & Johnson world headquarters
  • Rutgers Gardens
  • The Willow Grove Cemetery
  • New Brunswick Fire Department Museum

The greater metropolitan New York City area is less than an hour away. A visitor to this area can find a virtually unlimited number of things to see and do. Just a small sampling is listed here:

  • Empire State Building
  • Statue of Liberty
  • Carnegie Hall
  • Rockefeller Center
  • Apollo Theater
  • Staten Island Ferry
  • American Museum of Natural History
  • Central Park
  • Bronx Zoo
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art
  • Brooklyn Children’s Museum
  • The Museum of Modern Art
  • American Museum of Natural History

The New York City area is replete with major league sports. Some of the New York area professional teams include: Baseball's New York Yankees (MLB) and New York Mets (MLB); football's New York Jets (NFL) and New York Giants (NFL); hockey's New York Islanders (NHL), New York Rangers (NHL), and New Jersey Devils (NHL); basketball's New York Knicks (NBA) and New Jersey Nets (NBA); women's basketball's New York Liberty (WNBA); lacrosse's Long Island Lizards (MLL); and soccer's Red Bull New York (MLS).


Total Population 56,338
Male Share of the Population 49%
Female Share of the Population 51%
Senior Citizens 5%
Employed Population 16+ 22,965
Age of the Population 24


% of people married 22.7%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 20.4%
Median Earnings25+ $22,886
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $17,640
Median Earnings With High School Degree $21,411


Median Family Income $37,359
% Above Poverty Level 65.3%
% Below Poverty Level 34.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 25 minutes
% Working from Home 1.1%
% Walking and Biking to Work 17.4%
% Using Public Transportation 10%


People Living Alone 27%
Median Gross Rent $1,343
Median House Value $242,200


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 71.2%
US/American 0%
English 1%
Irish 3.7%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

New Brunswick Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 2 miles W of Piscataway, New Jersey (center to center)
Nearest Large City 22 miles SW of Newark, New Jersey
County Middlesex
Standard Zip Codes 08901, 08902, 08904
P.O. Box Zip Codes 08903, 08906
Company Zip Codes 08905, 08922, 08933, 08988, 08989
Phone Area Codes 732
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.486
Longitude -74.452

New Brunswick Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.7 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 38 F
Apr Temp 40 to 61 F
Jul Temp 64 to 85 F
Oct Temp 43 to 65 F
Annual Precip 48.7 inches
Distance 13.8 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 37 F
Apr Temp 37 to 60 F
Jul Temp 62 to 84 F
Oct Temp 41 to 64 F
Annual Precip 47.7 inches
Distance 15.8 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 39 F
Apr Temp 40 to 61 F
Jul Temp 64 to 85 F
Oct Temp 43 to 66 F
Annual Precip 46.7 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Edison 101,865 $104,523
Highland Park 14,263 $86,648
Milltown 6,989 $115,331
North Brunswick 42,268 $92,867
Piscataway 57,348 $99,530
South River 16,274 $75,388

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

New Brunswick Public Libraries

New Brunswick Free Public Library
New Brunswick, New Jersey
(732) 745-5108

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More Information for Librarians

New Brunswick Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(732) 828-3000
Emergency Service: Yes

(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
(732) 745-8600
Emergency Service: Yes

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New Brunswick High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,206 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14

A Non-traditional School
Serves 35 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 2.2

New Brunswick Colleges

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Additional Details
New Brunswick Colleges
New Brunswick colleges and trade schools.
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