Introduction to Artesia, New Mexico

Artesia, New Mexico, in Eddy county, is 137 miles NW of Odessa, Texas and 143 miles NE of El Paso, Texas.

Artesia History

Artesia was originally known as Miller. The city adopted its present name in 1903. It was named after the discovery of artesian wells in the area. Artesia was incorporated in 1905. Until the early 1920s, the city flourished as an agricultural oasis. Oil was discovered in the area in 1924. The city is located in Eddy County, which was organized on February 25, 1889.

Artesia and nearby Attractions

  • Artesia Historical Museum
  • Abo Shopping Center
  • Carlsbad Museum & Art Center
  • Living Desert State Park
  • Anderson Museum of Contemporary Art
  • Brantley Lake State Park

Things To Do In Artesia

While in Artesia, one can enjoy water skiing, fishing, boating and sailing at the Brantley Lake State Park. The Artesia Historical Museum and Art Center is also a popular local spot. The Abo Shopping Center is the local shopping destination. Local churches include the Hermosa Drive Baptist Church, Victory Mission Church and the United Pentecostal Church. The Artesia Country Club provides excellent facilities for golfers. The city hosts the Eddy County Fair every July.

Artesia Transportation

Facilities for air transportation are available from Lea County Airport .

Artesia Higher Education

Higher education can be pursued at Eastern New Mexico University, Odessa College and South Plains College.


Total Population 11,641
Male Share of the Population 50.4%
Female Share of the Population 49.6%
Senior Citizens 13.8%
Employed Population 16+ 4,920
Age of the Population 33


% of people married 54.1%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 15.8%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $58,750
% Above Poverty Level 89.1%
% Below Poverty Level 10.9%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 15 minutes
% Working from Home 1.1%
% Walking and Biking to Work 0.8%
% Using Public Transportation %


People Living Alone 24.3%
Median Gross Rent $681
Median House Value $133,200


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 59.6%
US/American 0%
English 4.9%
Irish 4.1%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Artesia Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 137 miles NW of Odessa, Texas (center to center)
Nearest Large City 143 miles NE of El Paso, Texas
County Eddy
Standard Zip Codes 88210
P.O. Box Zip Codes 88211
Phone Area Codes 505
Time Zone Mountain (-7 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 32.842
Longitude -104.402

Artesia Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station ARTESIA 6 S
Distance 5.3 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 56 F
Apr Temp 40 to 78 F
Jul Temp 64 to 94 F
Oct Temp 42 to 77 F
Annual Precip 13.3 inches
Distance 29.7 miles
Jan Temp 28 to 58 F
Apr Temp 46 to 79 F
Jul Temp 68 to 96 F
Oct Temp 47 to 79 F
Annual Precip 14.1 inches
Distance 32.6 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 56 F
Apr Temp 43 to 78 F
Jul Temp 67 to 95 F
Oct Temp 46 to 77 F
Annual Precip 13.3 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Artesia, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Atoka (88210)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Dexter 1,390 $46,591
Hagerman 1,112 $34,118
Lake Arthur 436 $57,083

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Artesia Public Libraries

Artesia Public Library
Artesia, New Mexico
(505) 746-4252
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Artesia Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
702 N 13TH ST
(505) 748-3333
Emergency Service: Yes

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Artesia High Schools

Serves 780 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.6

Study Online in Artesia
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Info for Artesia Government Officials

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