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Overview

Introduction to Salamanca, New York

Salamanca, New York, in Cattaraugus county, is 51 miles S of Buffalo, New York.

Salamanca History

Encompassed by the Town of Salamanca, this city is built on land leased from an Indian reservation. The city was initially called "Bucktooth", which was derived from the name of an early settler. The current name honors an investor in the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad, Don Jo’s de Salamanca, who was also a Spanish marquess. Before the railroads arrived, Salamanca was largely supported by the lumber industry. In 1870, the community was declared a village and was officially incorporated as the City of Salamanca in 1909.

Salamanca and Nearby Attractions

  • Salamanca Rail Museum
  • Mount Morris Dam
  • Kinzua Bridge State Park
  • Seneca-Iroquois National Museum
  • Arcade & Attica Railroad
  • Allegany State Park

Things To Do In Salamanca

Local festivals celebrated in Salamanca include the Winter Funfest, the Falling Leaves Festival, and the Indian Foods Dinner. The Mount Morris Dam, located in the Genesee River gorge, is a popular destination. Salamanca Rail Museum and the Seneca-Iroquois National Museum are well known museums nearby. Allegany State Park, the largest state park in New York, is also a famous snowmobiling area. Other parks nearby are Letchworth State Park, Evangola State Park, and Lake Erie State Park.

Salamanca Transportation

Buffalo Niagara International Airport is a major airport near Salamanca.

Salamanca Higher Education

Saint Bonaventure University, Jamestown Community College, Houghton College, and University of Pittsburgh - Bradford.

Demographics

People

Total Population5,638
Male Share of the Population46.2%
Female Share of the Population53.8%
Senior Citizens14.2%
Employed Population 16+1,945
Age of the Population34

Families

% of people married36.8%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher14.1%
Median Earnings25+$26,830
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$16,938
Median Earnings With High School Degree$25,417

Wealth

Median Family Income$36,475
% Above Poverty Level73%
% Below Poverty Level27%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time18 minutes
% Working from Home1.7%
% Walking and Biking to Work5.5%
% Using Public Transportation0.4%

Housing

People Living Alone34.8%
Median Gross Rent$602
Median House Value$63,500

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)24.5%
Irish17.6%
Polish8.6%
English6.9%
Italian6.8%
French Except Basque2.3%
Dutch1.8%
Swedish1.8%
Scottish1.6%
Welsh0.6%
Russian0.5%
Canadian0.4%
German0.4%
Jamaican0.3%
West Indian0.3%
Guyanese0.3%
Romanian0.2%
Greek0.2%
Swiss0.2%
Turkish0.1%
Arab0.1%
Finnish0.1%
Hungarian0.1%
Lithuanian0.1%
African0.1%
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Salamanca Almanac

CategoryValue
County Cattaraugus County
Standard Zip Codes14779
Phone Area Codes716
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude42.16
Approximate Longitude-78.72

Salamanca Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationALLEGANY STATE PARK
Distance4.4 miles
Jan Temp13 to 30 F
Apr Temp31 to 54 F
Jul Temp54 to 78 F
Oct Temp37 to 58 F
Annual Precip45.2 inches
StationLITTLE VALLEY
Distance8.2 miles
Jan Temp13 to 29 F
Apr Temp31 to 53 F
Jul Temp55 to 78 F
Oct Temp37 to 57 F
Annual Precip48.3 inches
StationFRANKLINVILLE
Distance17.6 miles
Jan Temp11 to 30 F
Apr Temp30 to 54 F
Jul Temp54 to 78 F
Oct Temp35 to 58 F
Annual Precip41.1 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Allegany7,746$63,657
East Randolph561$33,750
Ellicottville1,289$76,776
Limestone380$54,423
Little Valley1,846$43,333
Randolph2,548$57,222

Salamanca Public Libraries

Salamanca Public Library
155 WILDWOOD AVENUE
Salamanca, New York
(716) 945-1890
Seneca Nation Library
830 BROAD STREET EXTENSION
Salamanca, New York
(716) 945-3157

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More Information for Librarians

Salamanca Public Schools

Prospect Elementary School
300 Prospect Ave
ZIP: 14779
(716) 945-5170
Primary
Total Enrollment 508
Salamanca Junior/senior High School
50 Iroquois Dr
ZIP: 14779
(716) 945-2404
High
Total Enrollment 505
Seneca Elementary School
50 Iroquois Dr
ZIP: 14779
(716) 945-5140
Middle
Total Enrollment 280
Sources :
Study Online in Salamanca
Additional Resources
Info for Salamanca Government Officials


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